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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis

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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 15:58
smashingpumpkins wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 208
Page: 686

Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please help me understand the difference A and E. Also is "in that" preferable as a part of the correct answer choice on the GMAT ? The in one of its question states that the use of in that is considered stilted and overly formal.
Need your inputs on this.

Thanks :-)
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 14:21
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Poorvasha wrote:

Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please help me understand the difference A and E. Also is "in that" preferable as a part of the correct answer choice on the GMAT ? The in one of its question states that the use of in that is considered stilted and overly formal.
Need your inputs on this.

Thanks :-)

Dear Poorvasha,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

It's true that the "in that" structure is very sophisticated and formal, but all the language on the GMAT SC is sophisticated and formal, so this structure usually fits on the GMAT SC.

In this sentence, either "because" or "in that" would be correct. The problem in (A) is that the noun-modifying phrase that follows the underlined section is awkward--this phrase is meant to modify "tissue," not "tooth and bone," which it touches. The question of the phrase's target noun is ambiguous and muddy in (A), whereas (E) concisely cleans up this ambiguity.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 19:33
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.


(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone

(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues

(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 208
Page: 686



Step 1: I favor "In That" over "Because"

eliminate: A,B,C

Step 2: "not normally found..." is refering to what?
Tissue . So D

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2018, 13:04
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.


(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone

(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues

(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


My POE:
A) Was stuck between A and E and eliminated A because it sounds like "not normally found" is modifying BONE, but should be modifying tissues
B) LIKE is wrong, TISSUES are not LIKE TOOTH AND BONE
C) Same as B
D) COMPOSITION is being modified, but it should actually be tissues
E) CORRECT
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2019, 14:28
Arrived at E but struggled to reason why D wasn't correct. Even though people had some explanations around ambiguity of what was being modified, here is what I told myself - tooth and bone are too essential to be relegated to a modifying clause, plus verb > noun (composed > composition). Needn't be correct but I couldn't convince myself otherwise.

Would appreciate if anybody else found any other concrete reason to eliminate D.
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 17:54
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

A is incorrect because the logical meaning is that the cancer is composed of tooth and bone not normally found in... which indicates that the cancer could typically be composed of tooth and bone, but not the type of tooth and bone found in the Teratomas.

If we had commas -...., such as tooth and bone,.... then this would be a perfect sentence.

The Teratomas are unusual because their composition is composed of tissues not normally found in x.

Had to read extremely carefully to get this illogical change.

B and C are out because of the use of Like here. We use for example/ such as to give examples.
There are more illogical meaning issues with B
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues

D is illogical - its not the composition itself that isn't found in the cancer location it's what the composition is made up of - the types of tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues

E is structured as <independent clause> + [,] + <noun modifier>
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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2020, 10:36
Quote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


Would (A) be correct if the examples were set off by commas? (i.e. because they are composed of tissues, such as tooth and bone, not normally ...) If so, would it still be more ambiguous than (E)?

Thanks
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2020, 10:53
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costcosized wrote:
Quote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


Would (A) be correct if the examples were set off by commas? (i.e. because they are composed of tissues, such as tooth and bone, not normally ...) If so, would it still be more ambiguous than (E)?

Thanks

Good question, costcosized. Such as is a tricky head to a phrase, and many times, it can be used in either a restrictive (i.e. without commas) or non-restrictive sense. If you place commas around such as tooth and bone in choice (A), the sentence is conveying that teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. Both tooth and bone are used as examples of such tissues, and the meaning would be perfectly clear. You should not use a because/in that split as a basis for elimination, so if choice (E) were somehow altered to represent a clearly incorrect answer, then yes, the proposed (A) would win out.

Here is an article on the topic for further reading. Happy studies.

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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis   [#permalink] 12 Jul 2020, 10:53

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