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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 208
Page: 686

Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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IMO E.

Today, I read one post here which said that:
When GMAT puts ‘because’ and ‘in that’ in a sentence, more often than not, ‘in that’ would be correct. ‘In that qualifies’ the previous sentence, while ‘because’ is just used to show a simple causal relationship. Read the post:

sc1000-895-warbler-48355.html
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2010, 01:58
Narrowed down to A and E and chose A :(
BTW in option E "in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues " shouldnt it be "in that they are composed of tissues such AS tooth and bone, tissues " i mean shouldnt there be an AS after such? If there is one then it might make sense!!!.....Could someone clarify?!?!
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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Happy to help :-D
Sorry for messing the term - its resumptive modifier.

A resumptive modifier picks up a word or phrase from a sentence that seems to be
finished and then adds information and takes the reader into new territory of thought.



Example :
Since the 1930’s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless
wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not
become turbulent.
(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

OA : B


Wings is required to unambiguously convey the meaning of the sentence. It is the wings that are shaped so perfectly and smoothly (adjective). Note how the subject "wings" is unambiguously and descriptively modified in B. Whereas A has ambiguity - it can modify "airplanes" instead of "wings".
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 12:01
So wats the final answer..B or E

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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 22:33
For one thing, tissues like tooth and bone would not be correct, because tooth and bone are provided as examples and in such cases, such as is the correct usage, not like. Also, in that is correct, since the intent is not to strictly establish a causal sequence here (in which case, because would have been more appropriate).

Hence E.
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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smashingpumpkins wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


will go with Option E.

'not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears' is a modifier. From original statement it is not clear what it is modifying. It could be modifying either 'tissue' or 'tooth and bone'. This ambiguity is resolved in E, where it is explicitly given that 'tissues' are the ones which are 'not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.'

This is the example of Noun+Noun modifier.

Choices B,C can be eliminated for using 'like' , D changes the meaning.
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.
(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone

This is part of original incorrect sentence. However, in the original sentence it is not clear what is being modified by "not normally found". As per the construction , this verb+ed modifier seems to modify the bone.

((B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
Use of like is incorrect because the original sentence wants to convey tooth and bones as examples of tissues .The sentence does not want to compare tissues with tooth and bone .

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues

Use of like is wrong. Use of like with comma seems to modify/compare tooth and bone with Teratomas- in the second clause they is the subject and whenever like is precceded by a comma, then the noun that follows like always modifies/compares with the subject of the clause.

(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is

This sentence is awkward. This sentence seems to suggest that the composition is found in organs.

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

This choice is the CORRECT choice because it avoids all the above errors and conveys the correct meaning.It also corrects the modifier error.
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2016, 09:17
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
((B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

tooth and bone are not normally found in the organ. that's not the point. Point is Teratomas are composed of tissues that
are not normally found in the organ.

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is :
their composition is not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. This is not the intended meaning.

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

I think "because" is wrong here. because that presents a causal effect relationship. Sentence want to explain how teratomas are unusal form of cancer. Key is here to understand difference between "How" and "Why". Here the meaning of sentence emphasise to "how" part.

E option is not correctly written.it should be : in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


I have one doubt tissues such as tooth and bones : tooth and bones are not example of tissues. should n't right word here is "Like"
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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abrakadabra21 wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
((B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

tooth and bone are not normally found in the organ. that's not the point. Point is Teratomas are composed of tissues that
are not normally found in the organ.

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is :
their composition is not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. This is not the intended meaning.

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

I think "because" is wrong here. because that presents a causal effect relationship. Sentence want to explain how teratomas are unusal form of cancer. Key is here to understand difference between "How" and "Why". Here the meaning of sentence emphasise to "how" part.

E option is not correctly written.it should be : in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


I have one doubt tissues such as tooth and bones : tooth and bones are not example of tissues. should n't right word here is "Like"



Tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organ. There are four types of tissues one of which is connective tissue. Blood, bone, tendon, ligament, adipose and areolar tissues are examples of connective tissues.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tissue_(biology)
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 00:28
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
abrakadabra21 wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
((B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

tooth and bone are not normally found in the organ. that's not the point. Point is Teratomas are composed of tissues that
are not normally found in the organ.

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is :
their composition is not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. This is not the intended meaning.

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

I think "because" is wrong here. because that presents a causal effect relationship. Sentence want to explain how teratomas are unusal form of cancer. Key is here to understand difference between "How" and "Why". Here the meaning of sentence emphasise to "how" part.

E option is not correctly written.it should be : in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


I have one doubt tissues such as tooth and bones : tooth and bones are not example of tissues. should n't right word here is "Like"



Tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organ. There are four types of tissues one of which is connective tissue. Blood, bone, tendon, ligament, adipose and areolar tissues are examples of connective tissues.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tissue_(biology)


yes that is what i was saying ..like should be there in place of Such as and thus correct choice should be C
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 05:16
smanujahrc wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
abrakadabra21 wrote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
((B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are

tooth and bone are not normally found in the organ. that's not the point. Point is Teratomas are composed of tissues that
are not normally found in the organ.

(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is :
their composition is not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears. This is not the intended meaning.

(E) in that they are composed of tissues such tooth and bone, tissues

I think "because" is wrong here. because that presents a causal effect relationship. Sentence want to explain how teratomas are unusal form of cancer. Key is here to understand difference between "How" and "Why". Here the meaning of sentence emphasise to "how" part.

E option is not correctly written.it should be : in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


I have one doubt tissues such as tooth and bones : tooth and bones are not example of tissues. should n't right word here is "Like"



Tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organ. There are four types of tissues one of which is connective tissue. Blood, bone, tendon, ligament, adipose and areolar tissues are examples of connective tissues.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tissue_(biology)


yes that is what i was saying ..like should be there in place of Such as and thus correct choice should be C


Note that bone (and hence tooth too) are a type of tissues.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tissue_(biology)
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2017, 06:54
Hi Expert,

In one of your post, you mentioned that "in that" is specific to certain verbs such as differ.

An eagle differs from crow in that ............ --correct

Please help ! In what all cases, we can use "in that" phrase. Thanks
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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Ooh, interesting question, AR15J. I can't think of many GMAT SC questions where you really have to worry about "in that" -- it's not usually a deciding factor of any sort. But for your peace of mind (which is valuable on this freaking test!!), here we go.

I can think of two uses of "in that." The first one is pretty harmless:

    The reintroduction of caribou into northern Minnesota will fail if the wolf population in that region is too high.

This usage is clearly not a problem: "that region" refers to northern Minnesota (which, incidentally, is extremely beautiful -- one of the more underrated parts of the U.S.), and we're just saying that something happens "in that" region. No problem here. (See https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-wildlife-e ... 10565.html for the original example.)

This probably isn't the usage that you're worried about, though.

So here's answer choice (D) from the original question:
Quote:
Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.


In this usage, "in that" is a (unnecessary jargon alert!) conjunction. Basically, it means "inasmuch as" or insofar as." And I don't think that makes sense in this case.

In other uses, "in that" isn't necessarily wrong, but the GMAT calls it "stilted and overly formal" in OG 12:

Quote:
In that is a conjunction that means inasmuch as; because in that has largely gone out of use, it is considered stilted and overly formal. It also uses two words when one would do.


That's from OG 12, pg. 714. And here's a discussion of that same question here on GMAT Club: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-olympic- ... 85874.html

Bottom line: don't lose much sleep over "in that", but if you really need to grapple with it, it means "inasmuch as" -- and the GMAT seems to think that it's "stilted and overly formal." So I doubt that you'll ever see it in a correct answer.
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 16:58
smashingpumpkins wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 208
Page: 686

Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone not normally found in the organ in which the tumor appears.

(A) because they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone
(B) because they are composed of tissues like tooth and bone that are
(C) because they are composed of tissues, like tooth and bone, tissues
(D) in that their composition, tissues such as tooth and bone, is
(E) in that they are composed of tissues such as tooth and bone, tissues


Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please help me understand the difference A and E. Also is "in that" preferable as a part of the correct answer choice on the GMAT ? The in one of its question states that the use of in that is considered stilted and overly formal.
Need your inputs on this.

Thanks :-)
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Re: Teratomas are unusual forms of cancer because they are composed of tis [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 15:21
Poorvasha wrote:

Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please help me understand the difference A and E. Also is "in that" preferable as a part of the correct answer choice on the GMAT ? The in one of its question states that the use of in that is considered stilted and overly formal.
Need your inputs on this.

Thanks :-)

Dear Poorvasha,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

It's true that the "in that" structure is very sophisticated and formal, but all the language on the GMAT SC is sophisticated and formal, so this structure usually fits on the GMAT SC.

In this sentence, either "because" or "in that" would be correct. The problem in (A) is that the noun-modifying phrase that follows the underlined section is awkward--this phrase is meant to modify "tissue," not "tooth and bone," which it touches. The question of the phrase's target noun is ambiguous and muddy in (A), whereas (E) concisely cleans up this ambiguity.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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