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# The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent

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The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2016, 11:59
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79% (01:04) correct 21% (01:01) wrong based on 1751 sessions

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The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or

OG 2017 New Question

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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2016, 21:30
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Whenever you attempt sentence correction questions you should first understand the meaning of the sentence.
Then check if the basic building blocks of the sentence are used correctly. Those blocks are as follows:
1) subject verb agreement
2) parallelism
3) pronoun
4) modifier

Back to the question:
If you read the question as stated you will realise that it a has subject verb agreement issue.
The absence (singular) ....leave (plural) us....

The correct form is - the absence( singular) ..... leaves(singular) us......

Using the above you can eliminate options A,B and D.

You can eliminate option C as it uses the incorrect idiom either...and. The correct idiom is either...or.

Option E uses the correct idiom. Therefore it is the correct answer.

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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 08:07
AbdurRakib wrote:
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or

OG 2017 New Question

The question can be nailed in less than one minute by meaning line of attack.

A) The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century - Normally we say absence of some data from records, but here absence from records distorts the meaning
B) repeats the error of A
C) D) E) - Meaning is correct
D) Out as absence is singular and .............century leave...leave is plural ---- SV error
Between C and E....either ....and......either goes with ...or...........C is elliminated

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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 10:28
AbdurRakib wrote:
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or

OG 2017 New Question

Correct idiomatic usage of absence is - absence of

The last part of the sentence states they , so there must be a plural antecedent - In this case Women

The absence of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or how they ( Women ) survived economically.

(E) is correct grammatically and conveys the correct meaning of the sentence....
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 12:31
AbdurRakib wrote:
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or

OG 2017 New Question

'and' or 'or' is a parallel marker.

'and how they survived' must be parallel to something in the underlined part.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and . Not parallel
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or. 'leave' must NOT be plural as 'absence of statistics' is singular
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of. either x and is a wrong idiom
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of 'leave' must NOT be plural as in option B
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or. Correct choice.
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13 Feb 2017, 15:43
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Top Contributor
1
let us take a look at the answer options -

A - Incorrect.
"the absence" is singular. Hence, the usage of the verb "leave" is incorrect.
"no X and Y" implies that there wasn't (both X and Y), but there might have been either only X or only Y.
We need to "no X or Y" to indicate that there wasn't any of X or Y.
"nineteenth century of statistics" seems to imply that statistics had a 19th century and we are referring to that time period.

B - Incorrect.
"the absence" is singular.

C - Incorrect.
"statistics for women" is not idiomatic.
"either X or Y" is the correct construction.

D - Incorrect.
"the absence" is singular.
the conjunction "or" requires parallelism between X and Y. "of the jobs that women performed" (of + A noun phrase) is not perfectly parallel to "of how they survived economically" (of + clause).

E - Correct.
"what jobs women performed" and "how they survived economically" is more parallel than option D.
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 03:43
Swat824 wrote:
Hi,

Please explain why is 'either' used in the second half portion of the answer?

"Either" is used as a part of the paralllel structure "EITHER X OR Y".

The structure of option E is as follows:

The absence leaves us with no record of (EITHER X OR Y).

Here, X = what jobs women performed
Y = how they survived economically
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02 Mar 2017, 07:24
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and

B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or

C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of

D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of

E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs
women performed
or

Clearly, The absence leaves and not Leave. Hence, A B and D are out.

Out of C and E, E makes a clear parallel structure. hence E is correct.
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 12:42
jabhatta@umail.iu.edu wrote:
Hi - in option E, how is " ...... of the nineteenth century accurate ?

"Of the nineteenth century" -- seems to be incorrect idiom usage....is it not absence of statistics IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY ?

Hello jabhatta@umail.iu.edu,

There is no issue in the usage of the phrase of the nineteenth century because the business and financial records pertain to the nineteenth century.

Let's take a look at the original sentence: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

The above-mentioned sentence says that the records pertain to the nineteenth century. It is not that the records were absent in the nineteenth century.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 07:03
Merged topics! Please, search before posting!
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 02:49
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and - "leave" does not go agree with "absence".. we need "leaves"
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or - "leave" does not go agree with "absence".. we need "leaves"
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of - "for women" is incorrect.. "either" needs "or"
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of - "leave" does not go agree with "absence".. we need "leaves"
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or - CORRECT, "leaves" agree with "absence" + "either" .. "or" + "what jobs" fits in well with "how they"
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 22:05
Imo E
The Correct idiom is absence of
The absence of statistics about women is a singular subject , so we have to use singular verb leaves .
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2017, 05:14
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave
us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A. from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us
with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
Of course there are other meaning based issues due to misplaced modifier phrases, but the most apparent issue is the subject verb number agreement ..
“The absence” – singular should have singular verb “leaves” and NOT “leave”

B. from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us
with no record of what jobs women performed or
Same as A

C. of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with
no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
Parallelism error ..
Either X or Y .. (X and Y are NOT parallel here)
X = the jobs that ..
Y = of how they …

D. of statistics on women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leave us with
no record of the jobs that women performed or of
Subject Verb number agreement error as A

E. of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us
with no record of either what jobs women performed or
Correct option
Parallelism error of option C is corrected here with both X and Y parallel now ..
Subject Verb agrees in number..
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 22:35
AbdurRakib wrote:
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or

OG 2017 New Question

Gotta be careful with this sentence- there's two things to note: the correct idiom is "the absence of" and the absence of requires a singular verb.

E
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2017, 11:13
I understand why E is the OA. My question is around the usage of "statistics about vs on". Can someone please explain if statistics about is correct (in case we have to make a choice btw on vs about)?
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The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Feb 2018, 05:41
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Top Contributor
It looks as if there is no hair-splitting difference between 'on' and 'about'. At best, one may say one may use statistics 'on' something to make a temporary or casual reference while use statistics 'about' a deeper study.
However, this question is more about 1. whether we use the parallel a clause to the underlined ' how they survived economically' on the other side of the conjunction or/and 2. the use of the appropriate verb to match the singular 'absence'.
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Originally posted by daagh on 14 Sep 2017, 05:55.
Last edited by daagh on 02 Feb 2018, 05:41, edited 2 times in total.
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The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2018, 20:15
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or
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Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2018, 16:01
The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and how they survived economically.

A) from business and financial records of the nineteenth century of statistics about women leave us with no record of the jobs that were performed by women and
B) from business and financial records of statistics about women from the nineteenth century leave us with no records of what jobs women performed or
C) of statistics for women from business and financial records in the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either the jobs that women were performing and of
D) of statistics on women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leave us with no record of the jobs that women performed or of
E) of statistics about women from business and financial records of the nineteenth century leaves us with no record of either what jobs women performed or
Chose E, Either X or Y
Re: The absence from business and financial records of the nineteenth cent   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2018, 16:01
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