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# The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken

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The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 13:29
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The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

(A) as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged
(B) as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged
(C) as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
(D) during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden
(E) while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 13:43
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8
Here's my take.

First look: S/V agreement, placement of modifiers (logical predication), passive voice construction

a. as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged Wrong. The S/V in the subordinate clause - bouquet <> were - do not agree, as collective nouns take singular verbs.

b. as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged Wrong. Same as above. Making "just picked" a non-restrictive clause does not change the sentence.

c. as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged Correct - this is passive construction. The passive construction occurs because the object "bouquet" takes the position of the subject. Even though "being" seems awkward indeed, the verb must be "was being arranged" in order for the passive construction to work. Besides, the bouquet cannot arrange anything.

d. during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden Wrong - this sentence is unnecessary wordy. More so, the sentence violates logical predication. The sentence reads as if the roses were from his garden made of vases on his bedroom windowsill. Usually, a bouquet of flowers is in a vase, not from a vase.

e. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden Wrong - logical predication error (same as above). Furthermore, "They" has no referent.
##### General Discussion
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 09:09
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The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers", spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
corrected the typo

a. as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged
remove the modifier for easy reading, missing subject verb agreement.
b. as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged
c. as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
being is acceptable, as other options have terrible error
d. during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden
read back in original sentence - garden in a vase ??
e. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden
read back in original sentence - garden in a vase ??

There are other errors as well, but they are irrelevant for we have already identified our correct choice: C.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 09:16
2
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoke as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

a. as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged
b. as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged
c. as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged...CORRECT
d.during thearrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden
e. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2014, 01:23
1
1
A)as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged
A bouquet (singular) requires a singular verb was

B)as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged
Same as above.

C)as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
Correct Subject-verb agreement, Sentence makes sense after including past progressive tense.
Was being arranged - He spoke his last word while the bouquet was being arranged.

D) during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses , just picked from his garden
Nonsensical meaning, ... roses, just picked up from his garden in a vase!

E)while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden
They has no clear antecedent.
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01 May 2015, 13:19
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1
souvik101990 wrote:
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers", spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

A) as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged

B) as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged

C) as a bouquet or roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
being in passive voice - correctly used. good choice!

D) during the arrangement of a bouquet or roses, just picked from his garden
changes meaning. just picked from his garden in a vase...doesn't make sense.

E) while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden
they - no antecedent.
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01 May 2015, 22:27
1
Option D & E are tempting at first, but are grammatically incorrect.
D) during the arrangement of a bouquet or roses, just picked from his garden in a vase on his bedroom windowsill. [Garden can't be in a vase]
E) while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden in a vase on his bedroom windowsill. [Garden can't be in a vase]

Even though 'Spoken as' sounds uncommon, but that is where our answer lies.
A) as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged
B) as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged
BOQUET - A collective noun is SINGULAR

C) as a bouquet or roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
PS: An option with being is not always incorrect !!
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03 May 2015, 01:25
1
mvictor wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers", spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

A) as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged

B) as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged

C) as a bouquet or roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
being in passive voice - correctly used. good choice!

D) during the arrangement of a bouquet or roses, just picked from his garden
changes meaning. just picked from his garden in a vase...doesn't make sense.

E) while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden
they - no antecedent.

I am puzzled why 'a bouquet or roses' is correct. shouldn't it be bouquet of roses? is it a typo. While I agree that bouquet was being arranged is correct over were arranged. seems both are wrong it there is no typo error.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2016, 15:03
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
I still don't get the answer C.
Dose " as" take a role as preposition?
And is it acceptable that a clause follows a preposition?
And to be short:
The artist last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
Does this sentence make sense?
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2016, 18:33
newconcept123 wrote:
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
I still don't get the answer C.
Dose " as" take a role as preposition?
And is it acceptable that a clause follows a preposition?
And to be short:
The artist last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
Does this sentence make sense?

Hi,
the role of 'as ' here is that of conjunction..
As a conjunction, AS can take various roles, one of which to describe a situation when one EVENT happens while the OTHER is in progress..
this is exactly 'as' is being used for...

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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Mar 2017, 03:13
3
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

A. as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged ---' A bouquet ---were' --SV error.

B. as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged ----- same error as in A.

c. as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged...The word was spoken just as the bouquet was being arranged. Therefore, we do need a progressive tense in the form of being arranged – correct

during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden --- read it with the non-underline part. --- from his garden in a vase – No garden exists in a vase. Wrong meaning

e. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden --- -- 1. no referent for ‘they’ 2. Same error as in D.
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Originally posted by daagh on 14 Feb 2016, 22:04.
Last edited by daagh on 18 Mar 2017, 03:13, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2016, 11:10
chetan2u wrote:
newconcept123 wrote:
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
I still don't get the answer C.
Dose " as" take a role as preposition?
And is it acceptable that a clause follows a preposition?
And to be short:
The artist last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
Does this sentence make sense?

Hi,
the role of 'as ' here is that of conjunction..
As a conjunction, AS can take various roles, one of which to describe a situation when one EVENT happens while the OTHER is in progress..
this is exactly 'as' is being used for...

Thank you.
But what is the role of "spoken" here then?
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2016, 01:54
newconcept123 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
newconcept123 wrote:
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
I still don't get the answer C.
Dose " as" take a role as preposition?
And is it acceptable that a clause follows a preposition?
And to be short:
The artist last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet was being arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.
Does this sentence make sense?

Hi,
the role of 'as ' here is that of conjunction..
As a conjunction, AS can take various roles, one of which to describe a situation when one EVENT happens while the OTHER is in progress..
this is exactly 'as' is being used for...

Thank you.
But what is the role of "spoken" here then?

newconcept123

The past participle phrase modifier spoken as........bedroom windowsill modifies the noun "flowers". The word spoken is a past participle used to introduce this modifier. Compare this sentence with the following simpler example:

The house built beside the river is red.

built beside the river is a past participle modifier referring to the noun house. The past participle built performs the same function as that performed by the past participle spoken in the above example.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 06:44
Hi
I fully understand your example, but in this question the structure is "spoken +as + a subordinate clause " which is different from yours "built + prep."
I think i never met such structure, can you give me more examples about this specific structure?
Thanks.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 08:31
1
newconcept123 wrote:
Hi
I fully understand your example, but in this question the structure is "spoken +as + a subordinate clause " which is different from yours "built + prep."
I think i never met such structure, can you give me more examples about this specific structure?
Thanks.

newconcept123

Ok I shall try to illustrate with some more examples of past participle modifier:

Frustrated with the senseless decisions from the management, John left his job.

The baby, tired from crying for hours, went to sleep.

The house, built beside the river, is red.

The house, built as another multi-storied building was being built a few yards away, could not be sold at a very attractive price.

(the modifier in the last example is very similar to the one given in the sentence - built + as + a clause).

Do you now see the similarity between the example I mentioned earlier with the one given in the sentence? My previous example did not include as and the clause; my point was to give a simpler example using a past participle modifier. Does this clear your doubt? Otherwise please feel free to comment.

You may also notice that there is a nested past participle modifier within the outer clause, which in turn is nested within another past participle modifier:

Innermost past participle modifier just picked from his garden modifies the noun roses.... nested within clause as a bouquet of roses....is bedroom windowsill.....which in turn is nested within the outer past participle modifier spoken....... is bedroom windowsill.
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12 Aug 2017, 10:53
1
(C) is the only possible answer to the question.

(A) and (E) both contain the unsupported pronoun "they". Every pronoun on the GMAT will have an antecedent (the only exception to this rule is "it", which can appear in reference to the universe as a whole, e.g. "it is a nice day today").

We can also eliminate (B) for verb tense problems. "as" indicates that things are going on simultaneously, so switching to "had just been" is wrong.

(D) has modification issues. We need to remember that the part of the sentence after the underlined portion also has to make sense. Looking at the fragment:

"during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden in a vase on his bedroom windowsill"

we see that (D) makes is sound as though the garden is in a vase on his bedroom windowsill, which makes no sense.

Only (C) gets everything in the sentence where it should be, uses the correct tenses and doesn't introduce any ambiguous pronouns.

As an aside, it's certainly correct that "being" is rarely correct on the GMAT. A good general rule of thumb is "other things being equal, don't pick choices with "being" in them". However, avoiding "being" is a style choice, so if the only gramatically correct choice uses the word, that choice will be correct.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 05:24
Hi egmat

Although this is not asked in the question, I have a doubt regarding the verb-ed modifier used in this sentence

As the verb-ed modifier is preceded by a comma , it is modifies the preceding noun. In this sentence it is modifying "flowers". How can flowers speak as the bouquet of flowers were being arranged.

Can you help me understand where I am going wrong?

https://e-gmat.com/blogs/verb-ed-modifi ... ver-verbs/
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 07:15
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pikolo2510 wrote:
Hi egmat

Although this is not asked in the question, I have a doubt regarding the verb-ed modifier used in this sentence

As the verb-ed modifier is preceded by a comma , it is modifies the preceding noun. In this sentence it is modifying "flowers". How can flowers speak as the bouquet of flowers were being arranged.

Can you help me understand where I am going wrong?

https://e-gmat.com/blogs/verb-ed-modifi ... ver-verbs/

Hello pikolo2510,

Take a look at the following two sentences:

1. He spoke the word "flowers". (Active Voice sentence)

2. The word "flower" was spoken by him. (Passive Voice sentence)

In sentence 1., it is absolutely clear that the action of speaking is done by the subject he.

In sentence 2., although the subject of the sentence is The word "flower", we know that the word did not speak anything. A man did the action of speaking as evident by the verb phrase was spoken by him.

Now, the official sentence says: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

Pay attention to the word spoken, the verb-ed modifier. These modifiers are actually derived from passive voice verbs by dropping the helping verb. So spoken suggests that word "flowers" was spoken by the artist. He did the job of uttering that word. "flowers" did not speak anything.

Hence, use of spoken is absolutely correct in this official sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2018, 03:28
1
mejia401 wrote:
The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.

a. as a bouquet consisting of roses just picked from his garden were arranged
b. as a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden, were arranged
c. as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
d. during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden
e. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden

In A and B, were arranged (plural) does not agree with bouquet (singular).
Eliminate A and B.

D: the arrangement of a bouquet
A bouquet is an ARRANGEMENT of flowers.
Thus, the arrangement of a bouquet is redundant.
Eliminate D.

In E, they lacks a clear referent.
Eliminate E.

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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2018, 11:30
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This is a meaning based question apart from the SV error in A and B.

Let us read D and E each together with the non-underlined parts.

D. during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses, just picked from his garden ---The word order and modification are wrong here ---' The phrase "in a vase on his bedroom windowsill' modifies his garden implying that the garden itself was grown in a vase in the windowsill. That is absurd.

e. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked, from his garden--- the same problem as in D.
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Re: The artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir's last word was "flowers," spoken   [#permalink] 29 Jun 2018, 11:30

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