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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..

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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 18:06
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A
B
C
D
E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:33) correct 53% (01:24) wrong based on 81 sessions

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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps.

(A) in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(B) in the U.S. Constitution and it has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(C) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to many additional steps
(D) in the U.S. Constitution and is modified by subsequent amendments, which have led to the addition of many additional steps
(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 11:03
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daagh Could you please explain how E is the correct answer :(
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New post 13 Apr 2019, 12:37
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(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps
v-ing modifier after comma modifies a preceding clause but the doer of the action has to be the subject of the modified clause; this is not the case here. So, for me E is wrong for this reason.

I choose D. Would be great to hear from experts
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 15:04
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I have doubts why E is correct answer choice.
v-ing modifier after comma modifies a preceding clause but the doer of the action has to be the subject of the modified clause. Not sure how this rule works for passive, the case which can be seen in E.
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 19:16
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ankaua wrote:
I have doubts why E is correct answer choice.
v-ing modifier after comma modifies a preceding clause but the doer of the action has to be the subject of the modified clause. Not sure how this rule works for passive, the case which can be seen in E.

Good question.

The use of the relative clause in (D) is slightly better than the use of the participial phrase in (E), though how amendments would lead to the addition of steps is not clear.

I guess perhaps the redundant nature of "addition" + "additional" in (D) is worse than the use of the participial phrase with the passive in (E), but maybe it's not.

I doubt you'll ever see the type of construction that appears in (E) in a "correct" answer in a Sentence Correction question, but given some of the weird and debatably incorrect structures I have seen in "correct" choices, I would not rule out the possibility entirely. You have to be a little flexible with the rules in SC. Sometimes finding an OA is a matter of finding the best of some not so great structures.

In any case, this question is a little weak on a few fronts. It's clearly meant to highlight the issue of redundancy, and doesn't do much else very well; none of the versions are well written.

So, the upshot is that you can't be too rigid in your application of rules, or even logic, in SC, and, at the same time, this question and its OA are not great examples of the types of things you will see on the actual GMAT.
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 01:18
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What is wrong with C?

Is it because "leading to" does not work with "steps"?

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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2019, 01:18
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