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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..

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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 18:06
1
7
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:40) correct 53% (01:35) wrong based on 291 sessions

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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps.

(A) in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(B) in the U.S. Constitution and it has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(C) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to many additional steps
(D) in the U.S. Constitution and is modified by subsequent amendments, which have led to the addition of many additional steps
(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps

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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 11:03
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daagh Could you please explain how E is the correct answer :(
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The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 12:37
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(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps
v-ing modifier after comma modifies a preceding clause but the doer of the action has to be the subject of the modified clause; this is not the case here. So, for me E is wrong for this reason.

I choose D. Would be great to hear from experts
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 15:04
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I have doubts why E is correct answer choice.
v-ing modifier after comma modifies a preceding clause but the doer of the action has to be the subject of the modified clause. Not sure how this rule works for passive, the case which can be seen in E.
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 19:16
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ankaua wrote:
I have doubts why E is correct answer choice.
v-ing modifier after comma modifies a preceding clause but the doer of the action has to be the subject of the modified clause. Not sure how this rule works for passive, the case which can be seen in E.

Good question.

The use of the relative clause in (D) is slightly better than the use of the participial phrase in (E), though how amendments would lead to the addition of steps is not clear.

I guess perhaps the redundant nature of "addition" + "additional" in (D) is worse than the use of the participial phrase with the passive in (E), but maybe it's not.

I doubt you'll ever see the type of construction that appears in (E) in a "correct" answer in a Sentence Correction question, but given some of the weird and debatably incorrect structures I have seen in "correct" choices, I would not rule out the possibility entirely. You have to be a little flexible with the rules in SC. Sometimes finding an OA is a matter of finding the best of some not so great structures.

In any case, this question is a little weak on a few fronts. It's clearly meant to highlight the issue of redundancy, and doesn't do much else very well; none of the versions are well written.

So, the upshot is that you can't be too rigid in your application of rules, or even logic, in SC, and, at the same time, this question and its OA are not great examples of the types of things you will see on the actual GMAT.
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 01:18
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What is wrong with C?

Is it because "leading to" does not work with "steps"?

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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 09:37
The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps.

(A) in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(B) in the U.S. Constitution and it has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(C) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to many additional steps
(D) in the U.S. Constitution and is modified by subsequent amendments, which have led to the addition of many additional steps
(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps


Subject - (basic) process
Verb: is

the use of AND necessitates X....AND..Y be parallel.

How is a simple present tense (is) parallel to a Past-perfect (has been modified)?

The only issue with D is the redundancy, but does that beat the strict parallelism law on GMAT?

Is there any sequence of events that i may be missing?

Man this is so confusing, Please hep:

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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 20:38
dcummins wrote:
The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps.

(A) in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(B) in the U.S. Constitution and it has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(C) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to many additional steps
(D) in the U.S. Constitution and is modified by subsequent amendments, which have led to the addition of many additional steps
(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps


Error1: In essence, the sentence tends to imply that process of selection was modified by amendments, but placement of which tends to mean that the constitution was modified. To correct this, we need to separate the clauses.
Error2: Furthermore, addition of many additional steps is redundancy. Only "addition" is enough.

A: incorrect error1, error2
B: incorrect error2
C: incorrect changes meaning ("additional steps" but of what these "additional steps" are for is not clear in this usage)
D: incorrect: error2
E: correct
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 20:42
Sourav700 wrote:
The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps.

(A) in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(B) in the U.S. Constitution and it has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(C) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to many additional steps
(D) in the U.S. Constitution and is modified by subsequent amendments, which have led to the addition of many additional steps
(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps


Subject - (basic) process
Verb: is

the use of AND necessitates X....AND..Y be parallel.

How is a simple present tense (is) parallel to a Past-perfect (has been modified)?

The only issue with D is the redundancy, but does that beat the strict parallelism law on GMAT?

Is there any sequence of events that i may be missing?

Man this is so confusing, Please hep:

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Please remember that the tenses are not paralleled. One way to remember this rule is usage of tenses in if.. then constructions.
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 22:30
1
Sourav700 wrote:
The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is spelled out in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps.

(A) in the U.S. Constitution, which has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(B) in the U.S. Constitution and it has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many additional steps
(C) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to many additional steps
(D) in the U.S. Constitution and is modified by subsequent amendments, which have led to the addition of many additional steps
(E) in the U.S. Constitution and has been modified by subsequent amendments, leading to the addition of many steps


Subject - (basic) process
Verb: is

the use of AND necessitates X....AND..Y be parallel.

How is a simple present tense (is) parallel to a Past-perfect (has been modified)?

The only issue with D is the redundancy, but does that beat the strict parallelism law on GMAT?

Is there any sequence of events that i may be missing?

Man this is so confusing, Please hep:

generis VeritasKarishma chetan2u MartyTargetTestPrep GMATNinja


The tense used is the same when both actions happen at the same time. Here that is not the case.
The Constitution spells out the process of selecting the President in Present tense.
The modifications in the process were made in the past and might be an ongoing process so we should use Present Perfect tense (has been modified). We could have used simple past too here to show that modifications are done and over with.

"leading to the addition of many additional steps" is redundant. You need to use addition/additional only once.
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Re: The basic process of selecting the President of the United States is..   [#permalink] 24 Jul 2019, 22:30
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