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The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's

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The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 03:02
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The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's population will increase significantly in upcoming years. The quantity of potatoes produced annually in Vargonia is currently just sufficient to fulfill the country’s demand. Neither the potato yield per acre in Vargonia nor Vargonia's total potato acreage, is expected to increase in the near future. Thus, Vargonia has no choice but to start importing potatoes. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A Not all the land in Vargonia currently used for potato cultivation is well-suited for growing potatoes.
B None of the varieties of potatoes grown in Vargonia give unusually high yields.
C The population in all regions across Vargonia is expected to increase.
D There is no indication that the per capita demand for potatoes in Vargonia will decrease in future.
E No other crops grown in Vargonia , apart from potatoes, have a balance of domestic production and demand.

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Re: The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 19:52
Argument here says that since population is increasing then Vargonia need to import potatoes in future

Here it is assumed that demand will not decrease as population increases

Now answer choices


A Not all the land in Vargonia currently used for potato cultivation is well-suited for growing potatoes. doesn't matter it is already stated in passage


B None of the varieties of potatoes grown in Vargonia give unusually high yields. variety of potatoes irrelevant


C The population in all regions across Vargonia is expected to increase. population region wise does not matter

D There is no indication that the per capita demand for potatoes in Vargonia will decrease in future.this address main concern.if we negate this then conclusion fall apart


E No other crops grown in Vargonia , apart from potatoes, have a balance of domestic production and demand.not concerned about other crops

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Re: The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 20:14
Quote:
The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's population will increase significantly in upcoming years. The quantity of potatoes produced annually in Vargonia is currently just sufficient to fulfill the country’s demand. Neither the potato yield per acre in Vargonia nor Vargonia's total potato acreage, is expected to increase in the near future. Thus, Vargonia has no choice but to start importing potatoes.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


Conclusion: Highlighted above. For importing potatoes with an increase population we have to assume that the rate of consumption remains constant with additional population. If the consumption rate decreases with additional population then there is no point in import.

A Not all the land in Vargonia currently used for potato cultivation is well-suited for growing potatoes. - Incorrect. Indirectly given, yield /acre will not increase.
B None of the varieties of potatoes grown in Vargonia give unusually high yields. - Incorrect. Indirectly given + varieties of potatoes is irrelevant.
C The population in all regions across Vargonia is expected to increase. - Incorrect. We already know this.
D There is no indication that the per capita demand for potatoes in Vargonia will decrease in future. - Correct. As explained above.
E No other crops grown in Vargonia , apart from potatoes, have a balance of domestic production and demand. - Incorrect. Other crops irrelevant.

Answer: (D).
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Re: The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 20:16
Category: Assumption

Known Information:
1. Vargonia's population will increase significantly.
2. Quantity of potatoes produced is currently sufficient to fulfill demand.
3. Potato yield per acre not acreage is expected to increase.

Expected outcome:
Vargonia has no choice but to start importing potatoes

The passage is saying that current production fulfills current demand and if population increases country will not have enough potatoes. There is a grey area here. The conclusion is based on assumption that if population increases so does demand. We need to look for answer choice that states this assumption.

A Not all the land in Vargonia currently used for potato cultivation is well-suited for growing potatoes - Does not help identify relation between population increase and demand of potatoes.

B None of the varieties of potatoes grown in Vargonia give unusually high yields - Again irrelevant to our question.

C The population in all regions across Vargonia is expected to increase - Okay, but does the demand increase ? . This does not answer our question.

D There is no indication that the per capita demand for potatoes in Vargonia will decrease in future - So if this is true then the demand per capita will also remain same and as current production only fulfills existing demand and if population increase the country need more potatoes. This gives exact information we need to come to conclusion.

E No other crops grown in Vargonia , apart from potatoes, have a balance of domestic production and demand - Agreed, but we are talking about import of potatoes here.

Ans: D
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The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 04:04
Using Assumption Negation Technique:
Actual:
D There is no indication that the per capita demand for potatoes in Vargonia will decrease in future.
Negation
There is indication that the per capita demand for potatoes in Vargonia will decrease in future.
Once we negate D, Its weakening authors conclusion .
If we negate the assumption ,it will weaken the conclusion.
Hence Answer is D
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The Bureau of Statistics has released a report that Vargonia's   [#permalink] 14 May 2018, 04:04
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