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The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent c

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Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2017
Posts: 77
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V39
The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent c  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 14:03
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

30% (01:15) correct 70% (01:24) wrong based on 25 sessions

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The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent cells, can provoke dangerous inflammation; the resultant autoimmune disease, characterized by cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are known as "rheumatoid arthritis."

A) cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are
B) cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is
C) cartilage and bone that become damaged although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
D) damaged cartilage and bone although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
E) damaged cartilage and bone although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is

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Re: The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent c  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 19:09
dimmak wrote:
The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent cells, can provoke dangerous inflammation; the resultant autoimmune disease, characterized by cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are known as "rheumatoid arthritis."

A) cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are
B) cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is
C) cartilage and bone that become damaged although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
D) damaged cartilage and bone although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
E) damaged cartilage and bone although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is

VERB error..
"The resultant ...." Is singular so requires IS
Modifier error...
Although they ....... HAS to modify something getting damaged ..
Damaged X and Y although they are not attacked.... is wrong

B
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Re: The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent c  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 19:42
Split 1:
The resultant auto immune disease requires singular Verb 'is' and not 'are'
Eliminate - A,C,D
Split 2:
E changes the meaning by moving the modifier damaged.

Hence B

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Re: The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent c  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2018, 00:27
dimmak wrote:
The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent cells, can provoke dangerous inflammation; the resultant autoimmune disease, characterized by cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are known as "rheumatoid arthritis."

A) cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, are
B) cartilage and bone that become damaged although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is
C) cartilage and bone that become damaged although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
D) damaged cartilage and bone although the immune system does not actually attack them, are
E) damaged cartilage and bone although they are not actually attacked by the immune system, is

Please search before posting: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-cytokine ... 55113.html
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Re: The cytokines of the immune system, acting as signalers to adjacent c &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jul 2018, 00:27
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