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The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 60% (01:09) correct 40% (01:28) wrong based on 2084 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy-plane. At how many points does the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 + 2 intercept the x-axis?

A. None
B. One
C. Two
D. Three
E. Four

Attachment: Untitled.png [ 13.18 KiB | Viewed 68849 times ]

Originally posted by imhimanshu on 30 Sep 2013, 07:16.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Jul 2015, 10:58, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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28 The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy-plane. At how many points does the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 + 2 intercept the x-axis?

A. None
B. One
C. Two
D. Three
E. Four

The graph of f(x) + 2 is shifted 2 units up compared to f(x): Thus the graph of f(x) + 2 intersect the x-axis at one point.

Attachment: graph (1).png [ 8.64 KiB | Viewed 68027 times ]

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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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imhimanshu wrote:
Thanks Bunuel for the reply.
Frankly speaking, I don't have much idea about how quadratic behaves graphically. Can you suggest something to build my knowledge on this topic.

Thanks
Himanshu

Consider this: each y of $$y=(x + 1)(x - 1)^2 + 2$$ is two greater than corresponding y of $$y=(x + 1)(x - 1)^2$$. The value of y defines vertical position of a point. Thus $$y=(x + 1)(x - 1)^2 + 2$$ is simply shifted 2 units up compared to $$y=(x + 1)(x - 1)^2$$.

Next, notice that $$y=(x + 1)(x - 1)^2=x^3 - x^2 - x + 1$$, thus it' not a quadratic function, its cubic.

As for quadratic functions, check the last chapter here: math-coordinate-geometry-87652.html

Hope this helps.
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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There is a smart way to do these problems. I'd like to explain it for a few scenarios:

Let y = f(x) and lets assume f(x) as given in this question (f(x) = (x+1)(x-1)²)

Case 1: f(x) → f(x) + a
Move the graph of f(x) by a points in upward direction on the Y-axis, keeping its shape same

Case 2: f(x) → f(x) - a
Move the graph of f(x) by a points in downward direction on the Y-axis, keeping its shape same

Case 3: f(x) → f(x+a)
Move the graph of f(x) by a points in the left direction on the X-axis, keeping its shape same

Case 4: f(x) → f(x-a)
Move the graph of f(x) by a points in the right direction on the X-axis, keeping its shape same
(Yes, in case 3 and 4 the graph moves in opposite direction. If you have f(x+a) it moves to the left side(negative X-axis), and if it is f(x-a), it moves to right side(positive X-axis))

Case 5: f(x) → -f(x)
Take the image of f(x) in Y-axis as mirror

Case 6: f(x) → f(-x)
Turn the graph of f(x) by 180 degree about X-axis
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Manager  Joined: 07 Sep 2010
Posts: 249
Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Thanks Bunuel for the reply.
Frankly speaking, I don't have much idea about how quadratic behaves graphically. Can you suggest something to build my knowledge on this topic.

Thanks
Himanshu
Intern  Joined: 19 Jan 2008
Posts: 16
Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Thanks for the solution Bunuel.
However,when we equate (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 +2=0 for x intercept, it does not give any value for x.Any inputs on this please?
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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ankushbassi wrote:
Thanks for the solution Bunuel.
However,when we equate (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 +2=0 for x intercept, it does not give any value for x.Any inputs on this please?

Actually there is: $$x=\frac{1}{3}(1-\frac{4}{\sqrt{35-3\sqrt{129}}}-\sqrt{35-3\sqrt{129}})\approx{-1.36}$$.
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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imhimanshu wrote:
Attachment:
Untitled.png
The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy-plane. At how many points does the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 + 2 intercept the x-axis?

A. None
B. One
C. Two
D. Three
E. Four

I solved it this way :

First observation : Both the equations look similar it's just the y intercept that is changing. Therefore the graph would remain same but will shift up or down given the sign of the intercept (here it is +2).

Put the value of x=0 in the first equation you get y=1
Now put the value of x=0 in the second equation you get y=2

Hence the graph is moving one unit above its actual place in the Y axis. Visibly you can notice it will no longer touch the X axis twice but only once.

Hope this helps.

Cheers !
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Hi Bunuel,

Though I agree with solution, but for the concept sake, is it not possible for graph to move up at y=3 and still touch the x axis at sm other point apart from x= -1 ?

2. why it even touches x= -1 when x=-1 doesnt satisfy the equation ?

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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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prashantmanit wrote:
Hi Bunuel,

Though I agree with solution, but for the concept sake, is it not possible for graph to move up at y=3 and still touch the x axis at sm other point apart from x= -1 ?

2. why it even touches x= -1 when x=-1 doesnt satisfy the equation ? 1. No. When you shift blue graph 2 units up it does not change the shape, it simply moves up.

2. Blue (original) graph intersect x-axis at two points: at x= -1 and x = 1. x-intercept(s) of a graph is the value(s) of x when y = 0, so x-intercepts of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 are values of x such that (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 = 0, so x = -1 or x = 1.
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The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In PS, IVY approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer.

The figure shows the graph of y=(x+1)(x-1)^2 in the xy-plane. At how many points does the graph of y=(x+1)(x-1)^2 +2 intercept the x-axis?
a) none
b) one
c) two
d) three
e) four

The Problem actually asks the number of intercepts not the exact intercepting point. So let's consider (x+1)(x-1)^2 +2=0 and change the equation into (x+1)(x-1)^2 =-2. Then the problem is changed to find the number of intercepts between y=(x+1)(x-1)^2 and y=-2. Looking graph you would easily find that y=(x+1)(x-1)^2 intercepts y=-2(which is the line parallel to the x-axis passing (0,-2)) only once. So the answer is B.
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Hi Bunuel / chetan2u,

I am not able to understand, how can you say that the graph move up 2 units up. I can see that in second equation there is "+2" but still how could you say.

If the equation would have been y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 - 2. Then will the graph will move 2 stps down..??

If the equation would have been x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 and some graph was given and we need to find the intercept of equation x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 + 2 or x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 -2. Then how will the graph move.

I have gone through the link math-coordinate-geometry-87652.html but it does not provide anything related to the movement of graph. Can you please provide basic understanding on the movement of graph so that if I come across any weired equation in exam I can make a rough idea of it.

I can't take this question lightly because its an official GMAT Prep question.

Thanks and Regards.
Prakhar
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi Bunuel / chetan2u,

I am not able to understand, how can you say that the graph move up 2 units up. I can see that in second equation there is "+2" but still how could you say.

If the equation would have been y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 - 2. Then will the graph will move 2 stps down..??

If the equation would have been x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 and some graph was given and we need to find the intercept of equation x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 + 2 or x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 -2. Then how will the graph move.

I have gone through the link math-coordinate-geometry-87652.html but it does not provide anything related to the movement of graph. Can you please provide basic understanding on the movement of graph so that if I come across any weired equation in exam I can make a rough idea of it.

I can't take this question lightly because its an official GMAT Prep question.

Thanks and Regards.
Prakhar

Hi,

let $$y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2$$...
and $$y_1 = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 +2 = y+2$$......

so when $$x= 0... y = (0+1)(0-1)^2 = 1$$ and $$y_1 = (0+1)(0-1)^2 + 2 = 1+2 = 3$$
when $$x=1... y = (1+1)(1-1)^2 = 0$$and $$y_1=0+2 = 2$$..

so for earlier existing values of y, $$y_1$$ is 2 more so the values of y has shifted two points up in new graph although the graph remains the same..

Quote:
If the equation would have been y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 - 2. Then will the graph will move 2 stps down..??

YES

$$x = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2$$and $$x_1 = (y + 1)(y - 1)^2 + 2$$.... the graph will move two steps right

DRAW the graph for all four and you will strengthen the concept on this

Hope it is clear
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Hi All,

Even though this graphing question looks complex, it's actually built on a real simple concept...

Graphing an equation is a fairly straightforward process when the equation is in "slope-intercept format" (e.g. y = mx + b); you plug in a value for X, do the calculation and get the value of Y, then graph the point (X,Y). Repeat as much as necessary.

Notice that the two given equations are almost identical? The only difference is that the second equation "adds 2" to the calculation. In the initial equation, you plug in a value for X and get a value for Y. In the second equation, you plug in the SAME value for X, but you have to "add 2" to the end result, so your Y is "2 greater" than before.

The effect of "adding 2" to Y means that the graph will look the same, but it will be "shifted up" 2 spots (since all of the values of Y will be 2 greater than they were before).

With the initial drawing, there are 2 X-intercepts. Shifting the entire graph "up" 2 spots will give us a picture with just 1 X-intercept.

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imhimanshu wrote: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² in the xy-plane. At how many points does the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2 intercept the x-axis?

A. None
B. One
C. Two
D. Three
E. Four

Attachment:
Untitled.png

Let's find some points that lie on each of the curves.
So, for each equation, we'll find a pair of values (an x-value and a y-value) that satisfy each equation.
We'll do so by plugging in some x-values and calculating the corresponding y-values.

Plug x = 0 into the FIRST equation to get: y = (0 + 1)(0 - 1)² = 1
So, the point (0, 1) lies ON the curve defined by y = (x + 1)(x - 1)²

Now, plug x = 0 into the SECOND equation to get: y = (0 + 1)(0 - 1)² + 2 = 3
So, the point (0, 3) lies ON the curve defined by y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2

Add the point (0, 3) to our graph to get: Notice that the point (0, 3) is 2 UNITS directly ABOVE the point (0, 1)
---------------------------------------------

Let's try another x-value....
Try x = 1
Plug x = 1 into the FIRST equation to get: y = (1 + 1)(1 - 1)² = 0
So, the point (1, 0) lies ON the curve defined by y = (x + 1)(x - 1)²

Now, plug x = 1 into the SECOND equation to get: y = (1 + 1)(1 - 1)² + 2 = 2
So, the point (1, 2) lies ON the curve defined by y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2

Add the point (1, 2) to our graph to get: Notice that the point (1, 2) is 2 UNITS directly ABOVE the point (1, 0)
---------------------------------------------

At this point, we should recognize that the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2 is very similar to the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)²
The only difference is that the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2 is SHIFTED UP 2 units.

So, to graph the curve y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2, we can just take every point on the curve y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² and move it UP 2 units... When we connect the points, we see that the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2 looks something like this. From our sketch, we can see that the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)² + 2 intercepts the x-axis ONCE

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy-plane. At how many points does the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 + 2 intercept the x-axis?

A. None
B. One
C. Two
D. Three
E. Four

The graph of f(x) + 2 is shifted 2 units up compared to f(x): Thus the graph of f(x) + 2 intersect the x-axis at one point.

Attachment:
graph (1).png

Bunuel Would you please post similar type of questions? I had a hard time figuring out the approach for this one. Re: The figure shows the graph of y = (x + 1)(x - 1)^2 in the xy   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 04:51
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