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# The first shoe factory opened in 1760

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Joined: 11 May 2015
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The first shoe factory opened in 1760 [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2015, 07:03
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60% (00:57) correct 40% (01:07) wrong based on 169 sessions

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The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

A) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

B) The first shoe factory had opened in 1760, but until the industrial revolution of the 19th century, inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers.

C) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, however inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century

D) The first shoe factory, though it opened in 1760, inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

E) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by broall on 14 Jun 2017, 08:22, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question
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Re: The first shoe factory opened in 1760 [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2015, 08:01
Muruga wrote:
The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

a)The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.
b)The first shoe factory had opened in 1760, but until the industrial revolution of the 19th century, inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers.
c)The first shoe factory opened in 1760, however inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century
d)The first shoe factory, though it opened in 1760, inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.
e)he first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

E is the best choice. Does not use unnecessary 'middlemen' and keeps the sentence simple.
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Re: The first shoe factory opened in 1760 [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2015, 08:16
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KUDOS
a). The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.--– ‘for up until’, ‘not at all’ etc are unidiomatic expressions

b). The first shoe factory had opened in 1760, but until the industrial revolution of the 19th century, inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers. --- The main grouse against this choice is that, the element starting with ‘but’ through… ‘19th century’ should not have been rendered inessential by putting that under a parenthesis. If it is removed, the choice turns meaningless. Add to this tactical error, the use of ‘not at all’; a problem - ridden choice.
c)The first shoe factory opened in 1760, however inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century ---Grammatically, use of ‘however’ does require a comma after the word.
d)The first shoe factory, though it opened in 1760, inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.--- Though ‘it’ is redundant. Secondly ‘up until’ is unidiomatic.
e) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.—this is the correct choice

One important issue about the past perfect ‘had opened’ and the simple past ‘opened’; IMO both are okay. Since the chronology is crystal clear by specifying the opening to 1760, and the subsequent happening to the 19th century, it is not incumbent that one needs to use the past perfect. However, it wouldn’t be a great error even if the past perfect is used.
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Re: The first shoe factory opened in 1760 [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2017, 19:45
Muruga wrote:
The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

(A) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers for up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.
(B) The first shoe factory had opened in 1760, but until the industrial revolution of the 19th century, inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers.
(C) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, however inexpensive shoes were not at all available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century
(D) The first shoe factory, though it opened in 1760, inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers up until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.
(E) The first shoe factory opened in 1760, but inexpensive shoes were not available to consumers until the industrial revolution of the 19th century.

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The original sentence contains multiple redundancy errors, using the redundant phrases 'not at all available' ('at all' is unnecessary, as 'not available' succinctly states that there was no availability) and 'up until' ('until', on its own, serves the same purpose). Answer choices B and C replicate the 'not at all' error, and answer choice D replicates the 'up until' error; all are, accordingly, incorrect. Furthermore, answer choice D fails to use proper Sentence Construction, as there is no transition present between the verb phrases 'shoe factory' and 'inexpensive shoes'. Answer choice E, which uses proper sentence structure and avoids the redundant phrases mentioned above, is correct.
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Re: The first shoe factory opened in 1760   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2017, 19:45
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