GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 23 Jul 2018, 08:51

# Happening SOON:

How to craft the best MBA Application Resume - 9 AM PST

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1782
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2008, 21:07
3
2
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (00:54) correct 21% (00:56) wrong based on 731 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

_________________
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 54
Location: United Kingdom
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2008, 02:41
E it is .Negate E and the argument will collapse .

Other choices noes not effect argument or assumes extra not supported by stem.BTW its a defender question as per powerscore CR bible
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1782
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2008, 19:51
3
OA is E

The reason I make this incorrect is the 41 question- the final one when my TV turing on a very interesting film. The film lured my attention to the other direction.

Thanks guys
_________________
CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2895
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2008, 20:04
haha sondenso +1 for that excuse
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1782
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2008, 21:50
1
bsd_lover wrote:
haha sondenso +1 for that excuse

_________________
Manager
Joined: 20 Oct 2013
Posts: 54
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2014, 04:59
1
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.ISNT THIS ALSO AN ASSUMPTION??? ARENT WE ASSUMING THAT THE SMOKERS DONT ALREADY HAVE DIET RICH IN VITAMINS AND MINERALS??
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. WHAT IS WRONG WITH THIS??
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.WE NEGLECT THIS BECAUSE THIS OPTION IS TESTING OUR COMMON KNOWLEDGE RIGHT?
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

I AM FINDING ALL CORRECT EXCEPT 1... E DIDNT SEEM THE 'BEST' CHOICE TO ME
_________________

Hope to clear it this time!!
GMAT 1: 540
Preparing again

Manager
Joined: 23 May 2014
Posts: 103
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2014, 13:46
2
1
Argument says that smokers have to increase their intake of vitamins and minerals.
That means the current one is not sufficient
We are not concerned about what is the current diet level. We just want to prove that eating more vitamins will help smokers improve the lung function.

what if smoking blocks absorption into bloodstream. In this case, however much the person increases intake of vitamins, his lungs won't improve.
because the vitamins are never absorbed.
This destroys the argument.

Therefore, E is the correct answer choice. It says that smoking does not prevent vitamins from entering the bloodstream. So if the non-smokers increase their intake of vitamins then their lung function will improve.

NGGMAT wrote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.ISNT THIS ALSO AN ASSUMPTION??? ARENT WE ASSUMING THAT THE SMOKERS DONT ALREADY HAVE DIET RICH IN VITAMINS AND MINERALS??
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. WHAT IS WRONG WITH THIS??
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.WE NEGLECT THIS BECAUSE THIS OPTION IS TESTING OUR COMMON KNOWLEDGE RIGHT?
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

I AM FINDING ALL CORRECT EXCEPT 1... E DIDNT SEEM THE 'BEST' CHOICE TO ME
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Dec 2014
Posts: 351
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Economics
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V33
WE: Sales (Telecommunications)
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Dec 2015, 12:39
I wonder why D is wrong. Just because of "any diet change"? And the argument is about diet rich in vitamins?
_________________

"Are you gangsters?" - "No we are Russians!"

Moderator
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 1053
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jun 2016, 03:53
sondenso wrote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

Premise: Lung function is measured as amount of air expelled / second.

Premise:
Smoker’s lung function is worse. Non smokers have better lung function.

Conclusion: Intake (food with vit & minral)  improve (lung function)

Defender assumptions answer choices can be one of these:

#1. No Intake - No Improvement
#2. Anything else apart from INTAKE OF food with vit & minral CANNOT -- improve lung function
#3. Improvement does not cause intake of vit& minral

Choice E matches #1. Hence is the correct answer.
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2091
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Sep 2017, 21:40
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.

Type - assumption
Boil it down - smokers increase their intake of vitamin & mineral foods --> lung function will improve
- But will intake of such food increase the levels of vitamin & mineral in the bloodstream

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals. - Irrelevant - mild strengthener
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets. - Irrelevant
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. - Out of scope - other health problems is beyond scope
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can. - Irrelevant
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream. - Correct

_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

VP
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1213
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2017, 01:22
B and C can be rejected outright because these two are out of scope .
D is talks about something else entirely stopping smoking we are not concerned by that .
A if this is the case then it strengthens the argument as it tells us that if diets based on minerals and vitamins are consumed lungs will improve .
E is the assumption
Negate this choice and the whole argument comes crushing down .

Sent from my ONE E1003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
_________________

Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the &nbs [#permalink] 06 Sep 2017, 01:22
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.