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The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the

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The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 04 May 2008, 22:54
I will go with 'E'

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New post 05 May 2008, 01:41
E it is .Negate E and the argument will collapse .

Other choices noes not effect argument or assumes extra not supported by stem.BTW its a defender question as per powerscore CR bible

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New post 05 May 2008, 07:31
E is fine.

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New post 05 May 2008, 07:37
clear E.
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New post 05 May 2008, 18:51
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OA is E

The reason I make this incorrect is the 41 question- the final one when my TV turing on a very interesting film. The film lured my attention to the other direction. :lol:

Thanks guys
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New post 05 May 2008, 19:04
haha sondenso +1 for that excuse :P

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bsd_lover wrote:
haha sondenso +1 for that excuse :P


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The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.ISNT THIS ALSO AN ASSUMPTION??? ARENT WE ASSUMING THAT THE SMOKERS DONT ALREADY HAVE DIET RICH IN VITAMINS AND MINERALS??
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. WHAT IS WRONG WITH THIS??
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.WE NEGLECT THIS BECAUSE THIS OPTION IS TESTING OUR COMMON KNOWLEDGE RIGHT?
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

I AM FINDING ALL CORRECT EXCEPT 1... E DIDNT SEEM THE 'BEST' CHOICE TO ME :(
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Argument says that smokers have to increase their intake of vitamins and minerals.
That means the current one is not sufficient
We are not concerned about what is the current diet level. We just want to prove that eating more vitamins will help smokers improve the lung function.

what if smoking blocks absorption into bloodstream. In this case, however much the person increases intake of vitamins, his lungs won't improve.
because the vitamins are never absorbed.
This destroys the argument.

Therefore, E is the correct answer choice. It says that smoking does not prevent vitamins from entering the bloodstream. So if the non-smokers increase their intake of vitamins then their lung function will improve.

NGGMAT wrote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.ISNT THIS ALSO AN ASSUMPTION??? ARENT WE ASSUMING THAT THE SMOKERS DONT ALREADY HAVE DIET RICH IN VITAMINS AND MINERALS??
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. WHAT IS WRONG WITH THIS??
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.WE NEGLECT THIS BECAUSE THIS OPTION IS TESTING OUR COMMON KNOWLEDGE RIGHT?
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

I AM FINDING ALL CORRECT EXCEPT 1... E DIDNT SEEM THE 'BEST' CHOICE TO ME :(

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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 11:39
I wonder why D is wrong. Just because of "any diet change"? And the argument is about diet rich in vitamins?
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2016, 02:53
sondenso wrote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?


Premise: Lung function is measured as amount of air expelled / second.

Premise:
Smoker’s lung function is worse. Non smokers have better lung function.

Conclusion: Intake (food with vit & minral)  improve (lung function)


Defender assumptions answer choices can be one of these:

#1. No Intake - No Improvement
#2. Anything else apart from INTAKE OF food with vit & minral CANNOT -- improve lung function
#3. Improvement does not cause intake of vit& minral

Choice E matches #1. Hence is the correct answer.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 20:40
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.

Type - assumption
Boil it down - smokers increase their intake of vitamin & mineral foods --> lung function will improve
- But will intake of such food increase the levels of vitamin & mineral in the bloodstream

(A) Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals. - Irrelevant - mild strengthener
(B) The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets. - Irrelevant
(C) People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. - Out of scope - other health problems is beyond scope
(D) Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can. - Irrelevant
(E) Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream. - Correct

Answer E
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 00:22
The answer is E
B and C can be rejected outright because these two are out of scope .
D is talks about something else entirely stopping smoking we are not concerned by that .
A if this is the case then it strengthens the argument as it tells us that if diets based on minerals and vitamins are consumed lungs will improve .
E is the assumption
Negate this choice and the whole argument comes crushing down .

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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the   [#permalink] 06 Sep 2017, 00:22
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