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The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig

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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 12:30
2
adkikani wrote:

Hi Gmatninja,
Is not - of animals - a prepositional phrase? I did not get SV agreement at first glance.
Is not list the main subject? Also is list treated as collective noun, meaning to be always treated as plural?
Lists - forms plural form of list, correct?
WR,
Arpit.



Hello Arpit,


Thank you for the PM. I will be glad to help you resolve your doubt. :)

Let's get the original sentence here:

The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

(Blue = subject, green = verb)

In the above-mentioned sentence, the noun modifier that modifies the immediate preceding noun animals because animals can show a preference in using either right ot left hand. A list cannot show this preference. The logic makes the modification clear.

Since that refers to the plural noun animals, use of singular verb exhibits for that is incorrect.

Please note that a noun in a prepositional cannot act as the subject of a clause. This is the ONLY limitation on a noun entity preceded by a preposition. A pronoun and a modifier can very well refer to a noun preceded by a preposition.

And yes, list is a singular noun. Hence, it uses singular verb has been included. The plural of list is lists.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 16:54
Hi Shraddha,

Thanks for your response, however I am still confused in associating verb exhibits which is singular, with list.
Let me elaborate my query:
Prepositions list and animals are two nouns, joined by preposition of
As a thumb rule, to identify verb, I need to ignore prepositional phrase. Correct?
So here if I ignore of animals, I am left with main subject - List
Now you you already mentioned that list is singular subject, then did we use plural verb
exhibit since we took list of animals as plural subject?

Let me also try to separate clauses/ phrases:
Clause 1: The list of animals
that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot)
(here, that modifies noun animals and is followed by verb - exhibits)

(remaining part of clause 1): has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.
here, like you mentioned SV no agreement is correct verb is singular and the list (of animals) is singular
I am purposely putting prepositional phrase in bracket to lay stress that the list - subject.
Also present perfect tense correctly suggests an event, whose effect is still continuing.

The only way I see to resolve confusion is if that acts as subject for exhibits,
then it makes sense since modifers that refers to plural noun animals.
Let me know gaps in my understanding.
WR,
Arpit.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2017, 04:26
adkikani wrote:
Hi Shraddha,

Thanks for your response, however I am still confused in associating verb exhibits which is singular, with list.
Let me elaborate my query:
Prepositions list and animals are two nouns, joined by preposition of
As a thumb rule, to identify verb, I need to ignore prepositional phrase. Correct?
So here if I ignore of animals, I am left with main subject - List
Now you you already mentioned that list is singular subject, then did we use plural verb
exhibit since we took list of animals as plural subject?

Let me also try to separate clauses/ phrases:
Clause 1: The list of animals
that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot)
(here, that modifies noun animals and is followed by verb - exhibits)

(remaining part of clause 1): has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.
here, like you mentioned SV no agreement is correct verb is singular and the list (of animals) is singular
I am purposely putting prepositional phrase in bracket to lay stress that the list - subject.
Also present perfect tense correctly suggests an event, whose effect is still continuing.

The only way I see to resolve confusion is if that acts as subject for exhibits,
then it makes sense since modifers that refers to plural noun animals.
Let me know gaps in my understanding.
WR,
Arpit.



Hello Arpit,

Thank you for the query. :)

Yes indeed that acts as a subject for the verb exhibits. The word list takes the singular verb has been expanded.

The sentence has two clauses:

Cl. 1: The list of animals

Cl. 2: that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot)

Cont. of Cl. 1: has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

Please bear in mind that a relative pronoun modifier always starts a dependent clause. In the above-mentioned official sentence, that acts as the subject of the clause that it starts. The usage of Relative Pronoun Modifiers has been covered elaborately with pertinent examples in the concept named Relative Pronoun Modifiers in the Modifiers block in our Sentence Correction course.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2017, 05:05
Hi Shraddha,

Have you came across any OG examples where in THAT can jump over a noun.

I know the other relative pronoun modifier - which definitely can. :-D

WR,
Arpit
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2017, 05:37
adkikani wrote:
Hi Shraddha,

Have you came across any OG examples where in THAT can jump over a noun.

I know the other relative pronoun modifier - which definitely can. :-D

WR,
Arpit



Hello Arpit,

Yes of course. If which can jump, then why can't that?

Take a look at the following correct official sentence:

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.

In the above-mentioned official sentence, that modifies emotional reactions.

But in the official question that we are discussing in this thread, that does not jump over the preceding noun. It modifies the immediate preceding noun animals.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2017, 16:49
1
I doubt that anybody here is interested in the actual substance of the sentence, but this is kind of interesting: it turns out that most blue whales are right-handed, but some species of kangaroo tend to be left-handed. Some cats are lefties and others are righties, but about 10% of cats are "just cats." I don't know what that means.

Anyway, if you need a break from grammar and want to read about "handedness" in animals, here you go: http://www.cnn.com/2017/11/21/world/wha ... index.html
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2017, 22:40
Guys sorry for asking a really dumb question but in option A why is the subject animals because i read that if a noun is in a prepositional phase it cannot be a subject.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 18:51
Arunesh wrote:
Guys sorry for asking a really dumb question but in option A why is the subject animals because i read that if a noun is in a prepositional phase it cannot be a subject.

adkikani is correct in his spoiler! "Animals" is NOT the subject of the entire sentence, but it is the noun that "performs" the verb following "that": "animals that exhibit" is correct, not "animals that exhibits." See my explanation above for more: https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-the-lis ... l#p1861953.

And welcome to GMAT Club!!!
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2017, 03:28
Hello abhimahna ,

I often get confused when to use singular or when to use plural verb in such type of structure i.e "noun phrase that verb" or "Noun+Prep Phrase that verb"

for example of "One of the cars that are" this is always plural. Is it same for prep phrase or is it meaning that decide for such questions?

For ex "List of animals that exhibit a preference " here list cannot exhibit a preference so it would be animals only.

But whats your opinion regarding the same to solidify one's understanding.

Thankyou in advance.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 04:51
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Prashant10692

A context from this post might be useful.

When that is used a noun modifier, it can refer to a singular as well as a plural noun entity as we saw in the case of the two official sentences that you solved.

When that is used just as a pronoun, then it only refers to a singular noun entity.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the rig &nbs [#permalink] 18 Dec 2017, 04:51

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