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The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that

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The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 06:49
6
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:00) correct 41% (01:57) wrong based on 355 sessions

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The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that of single men in the same age group. Because of that statistic, some may argue that married men lead safer lifestyles and do not frequently engage in risky hobbies. However, this inference is faulty since the causes of death for married and single men are not established and there are factors other than accidents related to high-risk activities that contribute to the mortality rate of both groups.

In the argument above, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?


A. The first states a position that is based upon evidence provided in the argument; the second offers evidence that undermines the weight of that position.

B. The first is evidence that supports the conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.

C. The first states a position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence in support of that position.

D. The first and the second each provide evidence in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish.

E. The first is a premise upon which the argument depends; the second provides evidence that the argument is faulty
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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 07:43
2
Hi WillGetIt,

good question. However, do not forget to add tags to the same. In such way the question pop up easily during a search on the board.

back to the question.

The two bold parts are in contrast. As such, B C and D are out because they go in the same direction.

Between A and E, the latter does not say that the argument is faulty but undermine it. Infact at a closer look the second bold says: the are resons other than those the argument or statistic says. In other words, the argument is undermined but not destroyed. So A is the best answer to this question.

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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 07:56
Dear Carcass,

Thanks for suggestion. OK will keep in mine. posted in hurry!!!

Regarding your analysis my thoughts are as follows:

1. In bold face question there is no need to analyze the answer choices from any other perspective (strengthen/weaken etc..) except the role played by bold face text

2. You correctly narrowed down to A and E but excluded E due to wrong analysis. Basically E is incorrect because the "First Bold Face" in not a premise rather it is a "Conclusion". If the choice E read as follows, it would be correct:

The first is a CONCLUSION of the argument; the second provides evidence that the argument is faulty

Hope it helps!!!
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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 08:53
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Thanks to pointed out your thoughts. However, I have not analyzed this question under the weaken / strenght technique. I always follow the unfolding of the argument as whole. Then I draw my conclusions. (See your first point)

Also, I didnt mention that the first bold is NOT the conclusion. I only said that the argument NOT completely destroy the argument because we have or could have other reasons than those mentioned. Also, statistics are statistics: could not being true all the way around.

This is what I think when approach a bold.That's it :)

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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2015, 09:38
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carcass wrote:
Thanks to pointed out your thoughts. However, I have not analyzed this question under the weaken / strenght technique. I always follow the unfolding of the argument as whole. Then I draw my conclusions. (See your first point)

Also, I didnt mention that the first bold is NOT the conclusion. I only said that the argument NOT completely destroy the argument because we have or could have other reasons than those mentioned. Also, statistics are statistics: could not being true all the way around.

This is what I think when approach a bold.That's it :)

Regards




second bold face part starts with word since and we now that since is premise indicator.

we come to choices a and c

first part of statement c is incorrect
answer A
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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 07:15
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WillGetIt wrote:
The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that of single men in the same age group. Because of that statistic, some may argue that married men lead safer lifestyles and do not frequently engage in risky hobbies. However, this inference is faulty since the causes of death for married and single men are not established and there are factors other than accidents related to high-risk activities that contribute to the mortality rate of both groups.

In the argument above, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?


A. The first states a position that is based upon evidence provided in the argument; the second offers evidence that undermines the weight of that position.

B. The first is evidence that supports the conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.

C. The first states a position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second provides evidence in support of that position.

D. The first and the second each provide evidence in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish.

E. The first is a premise upon which the argument depends; the second provides evidence that the argument is faulty


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



Correct Answer: A

The mortality rate for married men is much lower as compared to that of single men. The first boldfaced portion takes this evidence to support its claim that married men must have safer lifestyles. The second then offers counterevidence that there may be factors other than risky activities that could be contributing to the disparity in death rates. The answer that best describes the roles in this way is answer choice A. B- The first portion does not play the role of evidence, but is actually a conclusion. The second does not play the role of a conclusion; it instead offers a possibility that undermines the previous boldface portion. Therefore answer choice B is incorrect. C- The second portion does not support the position of the first but rather opposes it. Therefore answer choice C is incorrect. D- The first portion does not provide evidence that supports the position of the argument. Therefore answer choice D is incorrect. E- The first is a conclusion, not a premise. Therefore answer choice E is incorrect.
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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2018, 08:51
WillGetIt wrote:
The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that of single men in the same age group. Because of that statistic, some may argue that married men lead safer lifestyles and do not frequently engage in risky hobbies. However, this inference is faulty since the causes of death for married and single men are not established and there are factors other than accidents related to high-risk activities that contribute to the mortality rate of both groups.

In the argument above, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?


hi can someone share what according to them is the conclusion of the argument.

According to me this inference is faulty is the conclusion
but as per the official solution given by veritas the 1st bold face is the conclusion.

i am having a bit of confusion over this someone kindly explain.
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Re: The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that &nbs [#permalink] 11 Jul 2018, 08:51
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The mortality rate among married men is significantly lower than that

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