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The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro

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The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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The organic food industry has organized a successful grassroots campaign—using Web sites, public meetings, and also mass mailings—that have convinced the Department of Agriculture to change the proposed federal regulations for organically grown food.

A. using Web sites, public meetings, and also mass mailings—that have convinced
B. using Web sites, public meetings, and mass mailings—that has convinced
C. by using Web sites, public meetings, and mass mailings—in convincing
D. by the use of Web sites, public meetings, as well as mass mailings—that convinced
E. which used Web sites, public meetings, and mass mailings—in convincing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2014, 06:22
I chose D but that is wrong. Is it ok to use has twice in a sentence, as in the OA?
The organic food industry has........that has convinced....!!
Please explain!!
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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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scofield1521 wrote:
I chose D but that is wrong. Is it ok to use has twice in a sentence, as in the OA?
The organic food industry has........that has convinced....!!
Please explain!!


Hello scofield1521

The structure of of the sentence is: The organic food industry has organized campaign -............- that has convinced government......

The part between the two dashes is just modifier, so "that" modifies "campaign". Thus, the second "has" agrees with "campaign" not the main subject - the organic industry.

In addition, D is wrong because:

1. Verb tense. Past simple tense does not match with present perfect tense "has organized" because the effect of the action, organizing, is still effective at present. If you use "convinced", you mean the action is done, but it's not the intended meaning.

2. Too wordy. Clearly, "by using X, Y, and Z" is much better than "by the use of X, Y as well as Z".

Hope it helps.
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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2014, 20:20
pqhai wrote:
scofield1521 wrote:
I chose D but that is wrong. Is it ok to use has twice in a sentence, as in the OA?
The organic food industry has........that has convinced....!!
Please explain!!


Hello scofield1521

The structure of of the sentence is: The organic food industry has organized campaign -............- that has convinced government......

The part between the two dashes is just modifier, so "that" modifies "campaign". Thus, the second "has" agrees with "campaign" not the main subject - the organic industry.

In addition, D is wrong because:

1. Verb tense. Past simple tense does not match with present perfect tense "has organized" because the effect of the action, organizing, is still effective at present. If you use "convinced", you mean the action is done, but it's not the intended meaning.

2. Too wordy. Clearly, "by using X, Y, and Z" is much better than "by the use of X, Y as well as Z".

Hope it helps.


Thanks pqhai,
Now makes sense. :)
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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2016, 14:00
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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2016, 01:40
B.

A is out coz of S/V agreement

That here is a restrictive clause here which is needed to explain that the campaign helped to changed he regulation.

Plus after the - a,b,and c is much better than a,b,as well as c

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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2017, 05:44
I've a doubt. Would be helpful if someone could answer it for me.

I eliminated (A) because I thought "that" in this sentence refers to the closest noun, (i.e.) mass mailings.

Can "that" jump over a modifying phrase separated by commas to refer a far away noun? If yes, why can't "which" follow the same rule?

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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2017, 06:03
sahilmshah92 wrote:
I've a doubt. Would be helpful if someone could answer it for me.

I eliminated (A) because I thought "that" in this sentence refers to the closest noun, (i.e.) mass mailings.

Can "that" jump over a modifying phrase separated by commas to refer a far away noun? If yes, why can't "which" follow the same rule?


When you have a portion separated by two dashes, consider as though that portion does not exist at all in the sentence. Thus the modifier touch rule remains valid in this case: "that" touches "campaign" (since you have to consider that the part "—using Web sites, public meetings, and also mass mailings—" does not exist).

The same is applicable for "which" as well.

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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2017, 08:02
sayantanc2k wrote:
sahilmshah92 wrote:
I've a doubt. Would be helpful if someone could answer it for me.

I eliminated (A) because I thought "that" in this sentence refers to the closest noun, (i.e.) mass mailings.

Can "that" jump over a modifying phrase separated by commas to refer a far away noun? If yes, why can't "which" follow the same rule?


When you have a portion separated by two dashes, consider as though that portion does not exist at all in the sentence. Thus the modifier touch rule remains valid in this case: "that" touches "campaign" (since you have to consider that the part "—using Web sites, public meetings, and also mass mailings—" does not exist).

The same is applicable for "which" as well.


In that case could you please help me in understanding the below official question.
In option (A), shouldn't "which" skip the phrase separated by the commas and refer to "weather"? The reason I'm asking this is because in the official solution it says that in option (A) "which" awkwardly seems to refer "regions".

Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.

A. colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
B. which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
C. since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
D. being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
E. having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 19:35
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The organic food industry has organized a successful grassroots campaign—using Web sites, public meetings, and also mass mailings—that have convinced the Department of Agriculture to change the proposed federal regulations for organically grown food.

A. using Web sites, public meetings, and also mass mailings—that have convinced -- subject-verb agreement -- campaign have
B. using Web sites, public meetings, and mass mailings—that has convinced - Correct
C. by using Web sites, public meetings, and mass mailings—in convincing
D. by the use of Web sites, public meetings, as well as mass mailings—that convinced -- the construction "X, Y, as well as Z" simply doesn't exist.
another way to figure out that this is wrong is to realize that "as well as ..." is a MODIFIER, and thus can be stricken from the sentence without affecting the surrounding grammar.
that's problematic: if you strike "as well as mass mailings" from (d), you get remaining words that clearly don't work.

E. which used Web sites, public meetings, and mass mailings—in convincing -- incorrect verb tense. "which used" (simple past tense) shouldn't be in a tense occurring prior to "has organized" (present perfect). this construction mistakenly suggests that the campaign "used X, Y, and Z" before it was even organized in the first place.

the problem with (c) is NOT grammatical; the grammar of (c) is just fine.
the problem with (c) is that it uses two different transitions incorrectly.

* if you say "subject + clause + BY VERBing", then "by VERBing" must explain HOW the main clause occurred.
e.g.
i prepared for the test by reviewing takeaways on the MGMAT forums.
note that the boldface clause describes HOW i prepared for the test.

choice (c) means that using websites, etc. was how the industry organized the campaign -- in other words, they used the websites and public meetings to organize the campaign in the first place. that's an incorrect meaning.
(the campaign ITSELF used these things; the correct modifier in (a) and (b) shows that relationship.)

* if you say "subject + clause + IN VERBing", then subject + clause must be an ACTUAL PART of the action of VERBing.
e.g.
i solved all the problems in OG12 in preparing for the GMAT.
--> notice that solving the problems IS ACTUALLY PART OF preparing for the test.

choice (c) fails here, too, since organizing the campaign (the main clause) is not ACTUALLY PART OF convincing the government.

Answer B
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Re: The organic food industry has organized a successful grassro   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 19:35
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