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The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye

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The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 05:16
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Question 1
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31% (01:28) correct 69% (01:28) wrong based on 61

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Question 2
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80% (00:18) correct 20% (00:16) wrong based on 56

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Source: McGraw Hill GMAT

The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 years. Chinese
mythology first addresses the drink in 3000 BC, when the emperor Nin Song was said to
have discovered it. Nin Song was something of a visionary. Among other innovations,
he believed that water should be boiled before drinking as a health precaution. As the
story goes, he was traveling with some members of the court when they stopped to rest.
Some leaves from a bush fell into the water being boiled for the weary travelers, and
thus was tea born.

In AD 800, a man named Lu Yu wrote the first known book on tea cultivation and
preparation. The work, called the Ch’a Ching, melded Zen Buddhist teachings with the
art and craft of tea, forever linking the drink to spirituality.

In AD 1191, the cultivation and brewing of the leaves spread to Japan when a monk
named Yeisei returned from pilgrimage, bringing seeds back with him. Yeisei had
observed tea being used in and enhancing meditation and spiritual awareness in China.
He shared this discovery with his peers and the tradition quickly caught on—all the way
to the highest levels of society, including the imperial court.

Tea was so well-received in Japan that it was elevated to an art form, culminating in the
creation of the well-known Japanese Tea Ceremony. The ceremony evolved and grew
both more intricate and more exclusive, with students of the art receiving years of
practice and training before they were allowed to perform it.

The once-lowly leaf had been raised to the pinnacle of spiritual and social grace. In the
words of Lafcadio Hearn, an historian and writer of Irish origin who emigrated to Japan
in the late 19th Century, “The Tea ceremony requires years of training and practice to
graduate in art … yet the whole of this art, as to its detail, signifies no more than the
making and serving of a cup of tea. The supremely important matter is that the act be
performed in the most perfect, most polite, most graceful, most charming manner
possible.”

1. The main purpose of this passage is to

A. Trace the historical progression of tea from its origins to the present day.
B. Give brief highlights from the history of the cultivation of tea.
C. Provide an anecdotal account how tea became a drink.
D. Highlight some important elements of the history of preparing and drinking tea.
E. Argue against the notion of tea drinking as a valid social art.

2. The last sentence of the first paragraph serves to illustrate which of the following about tea?

A. The mistake that led to tea drinking’s ultimate elevation as a social grace
B. The accidental and fortunate nature of how tea was discovered
C. The spreading seeds of the habit of drinking tea
D. The link between tea and Zen Buddhist practice of pilgrimage
E. The unusually rapid way that tea was developed into a beverage

3. Which of the following inferences may be drawn from the discussion of Lu Yu’s work?

A. Before 800 AD, it was largely unknown how to cultivate tea.
B. Some people even today drink tea for reasons other than its physical benefits.
C. Drinking tea was primarily a Zen Buddhist practice until the late 700s.
D. The Ch’a Ching is one of the earliest works of Chinese origin that is concerned with agriculture.
E. Lu Yu was interested in popularizing tea in countries other than China.

4. Based on the passage, Lafcadio Hearn would have agreed with which of the following statements about Japanese Tea Ceremony?

A. It is needlessly complex and intricate.
B. It is important that students of the art spend many years mastering it.
C. It is the pinnacle of Japanese taste and culture.
D. It is both a simple act and one that is rich with cultural significance.
E. It is an inextricable part of Japanese history and spirituality.
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

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Re: The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2017, 19:38
Can you please explain why primary purpose of this passage answer is D instead of A.

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Re: The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 00:33
1. The main purpose of this passage is to

A. Trace the historical progression of tea from its origins to the present day.
"the present day" is problematic because there's no reference to the present day in the passage.
B. Give brief highlights from the history of the cultivation of tea.
The passage is not about the history of the cultivation of tea but about its preparation, about its acceptance as a beverage, and about its social status, in some cases.
C. Provide an anecdotal account how tea became a drink.
That's only a small part of the passage and in no way qualifies to be the main purpose.
D. Highlight some important elements of the history of preparing and drinking tea.
E. Argue against the notion of tea drinking as a valid social art.
Maybe the main purpose of some other passage :)

Thus, option D.

---

2. The last sentence of the first paragraph serves to illustrate which of the following about tea?

The sentence: Some leaves from a bush fell into the water being boiled for the weary travelers, and thus was tea born.

A. The mistake that led to tea drinking’s ultimate elevation as a social grace
The event doesn't lead to the elevation of the tea in the Japanese society. That was because of the practice of spiritual awareness using tea in China.
B. The accidental and fortunate nature of how tea was discovered
C. The spreading seeds of the habit of drinking tea
Definitely a wrong answer.
D. The link between tea and Zen Buddhist practice of pilgrimage
Total disconnect.
E. The unusually rapid way that tea was developed into a beverage
Wrong answer choice.

Thus, option B.

---

3. Which of the following inferences may be drawn from the discussion of Lu Yu’s work?

Lu Yu's work: In AD 800, a man named Lu Yu wrote the first known book on tea cultivation and preparation. The work, called the Ch’a Ching, melded Zen Buddhist teachings with the art and craft of tea, forever linking the drink to spirituality.

A. Before 800 AD, it was largely unknown how to cultivate tea.
Lu Yu wrote the first known book on tea cultivation. This doesn't mean that the process of cultivation of tea was unknown prior to this event.
B. Some people even today drink tea for reasons other than its physical benefits.
Yes. Spirituality.
C. Drinking tea was primarily a Zen Buddhist practice until the late 700s.
No information provided.
D. The Ch’a Ching is one of the earliest works of Chinese origin that is concerned with agriculture.
No information provided. In addition, the option switches to a broader topic - agriculture.
E. Lu Yu was interested in popularizing tea in countries other than China.
No information provided.

Thus, option B.

---

4. Based on the passage, Lafcadio Hearn would have agreed with which of the following statements about Japanese Tea Ceremony?

A. It is needlessly complex and intricate.
He says otherwise - yet the whole of this art, as to its detail, signifies no more than the making and serving of a cup of tea
B. It is important that students of the art spend many years mastering it.
This option talks about the art and not the ceremony.
C. It is the pinnacle of Japanese taste and culture.
No information provided.
D. It is both a simple act and one that is rich with cultural significance.
E. It is an inextricable part of Japanese history and spirituality.
He says otherwise; the ceremony is no more than the making and serving of a cup of tea

Thus, option D.

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Re: The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 10:33
question 4 , why is the answer not B, the Para clearly states that Japanese tea ceremony is an art "The Tea ceremony requires years of training and practice to graduate in art"

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Re: The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2017, 10:33
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The origins of tea as a beverage can be traced back more than 5,000 ye

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