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The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a predi

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 11:46
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 61
Page: 514

The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?

(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.

(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.

(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.

(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.

(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.
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New post 23 Jul 2008, 12:09
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marshpa wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. -> out of context
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth. -> this is irrelevant since it does not say how its affecting currency fall
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. -> this relates value of currency to economic growth prediction but does not say relating to budget deficit.does not weaken
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. -> its not the budget deficit but the prediction led to fall of dollar's value.This option is correct IMO (D)
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. -> this strngthens

Please post answers with explainations.

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 12:24
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marshpa wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.

Please post answers with explainations.



I would choose D as my answer.

We first must understand what is the main conclusion of the argument. The argument concludes that the government’s huge budget deficit caused the the decline in the dollar value. In order to weaken the argument, we must find another cause to the decline in the dollar value.

a) it does not address whether it caused a decline in dollar value
b) it does not address whether it caused a decline in dollar value
c) All it says here is that something else other than the prediction of slow economic growth must have caused the decline in dollar value, but that something else could still be the government's budget deficit.
d) this option directly shows another cause that must have led to the decline of dollar's value. It directly reveals that the large budget deficit did not cause the decline of dollar value.
e) it strengthens the argument
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New post 23 Jul 2008, 13:57
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. [ What government attempted is irrelevant]

(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth. [ Enticing one – but we are looking the connection between the Budget deficit and Currency value – eliminate it]

(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. [Predictions will not weaken this answer – eliminate it]

(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. [Hold it – this answer choice clearly mentions there are other causes for the currency decline ]

(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. [ Strengths the argument – eliminate it]


Answer: D
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New post Updated on: 15 Oct 2016, 01:15
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The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?

(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.

" But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit,"

can somebody explain the meaning of above sentence

Originally posted by TomB on 04 Apr 2012, 12:59.
Last edited by keats on 15 Oct 2016, 01:15, edited 1 time in total.
Added the OA
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New post 04 Apr 2012, 21:53
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. "This Prediction (and the decline in dollar value) happened because of the huge budget deficit"

Huge Budget Deficit-> Prediction of slower economic growth -> Decline in currency


Let me know if it is still unclear
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New post 05 Apr 2012, 10:50
D weakens the argument for me..
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New post 05 Apr 2012, 13:02
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" But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit,"

It means that prediction of slower economic growth would not have affected the dollar's value. It was the huge budget deficit which affected the value of the dollar

I will go for D, my explanation is below.

The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
Which argument we are trying to weaken here :
government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. (This does not provide evidence that budget deficit was the only reason)

(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.(Not relevant in the argument here)

(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. (This does not talk about the budget deficit was present at these times of decline or not)

(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. (This directly concludes that large budget deficit is not responsible for the decline in the dollar's value which weakens the conclusion that government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.)

(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. (This infers that " government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.")
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New post 07 May 2015, 21:49
marshpa wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.

Please post answers with explainations.


Ans D. It nails the answer. It weakens the conclusion saying that the budget deficit is not responsible for decline in value of dollar, its the predictions of slower economic growth that declines the dollar's value.
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New post 24 Sep 2016, 07:50
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Type- Weaken
Boil it down - Slow growth in next year triggers decline in dollar value
Decrease government’s huge budget deficit to prevent future currency declines
Pre- thinking- What if currency declines occurred even without huge budget deficit.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. Incorrect
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth. Irrelevant
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. Irrelevant
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. Weakens
Effect was present even before cause
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. Strengthens

Answer D
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New post 18 Oct 2016, 04:39
best way is to rephrase conclusion in Strengthen form

we need answer choice saying that "not any role of budget deficit in declining currency"

D fits best
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New post 24 Nov 2016, 04:29
The OA is correct and explanation provided above appears sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button.
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New post 02 Dec 2016, 18:24
Skywalker18 wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Type- Weaken
Boil it down - Slow growth in next year triggers decline in dollar value
Decrease government’s huge budget deficit to prevent future currency declines
Pre- thinking- What if currency declines occurred even without huge budget deficit.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. Incorrect
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth. Irrelevant
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. Irrelevant
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. Weakens
Effect was present even before cause
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. Strengthens

Answer D


ChiranjeevSingh
I am confused why D is right choice here.

Does argument already not say that "decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth" and decline occurred further because of Budget deficit ?
Info given in Choice D says that Prediction caused declines in dollar. This info is similar to what has been defined in argument. So how does it weaken the conclusion ?
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New post 03 Dec 2016, 10:51
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AbhiGarg2007 wrote:
Skywalker18 wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Type- Weaken
Boil it down - Slow growth in next year triggers decline in dollar value
Decrease government’s huge budget deficit to prevent future currency declines
Pre- thinking- What if currency declines occurred even without huge budget deficit.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. Incorrect
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth. Irrelevant
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. Irrelevant
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. Weakens
Effect was present even before cause
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. Strengthens

Answer D


ChiranjeevSingh
I am confused why D is right choice here.

Does argument already not say that "decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth" and decline occurred further because of Budget deficit ?
Info given in Choice D says that Prediction caused declines in dollar. This info is similar to what has been defined in argument. So how does it weaken the conclusion ?


Premise: Huge budget deficit ( not prediction of slower economic growth) causes value of dollar to decline....."But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit."
Conclusion: Budget deficit should be decreased to prevent decline in value of dollar.

Option D: Not budget deficit, but prediction of slower economic growth caused value of dollar to decline - this option implies that decreasing budget deficit may NOT prevent decline in value of dollar.

Hence option D is a weakening statement.
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Re: The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a predi  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2016, 00:56
AbhiGarg2007 wrote:
Skywalker18 wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Type- Weaken
Boil it down - Slow growth in next year triggers decline in dollar value
Decrease government’s huge budget deficit to prevent future currency declines
Pre- thinking- What if currency declines occurred even without huge budget deficit.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?
(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit. Incorrect
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth. Irrelevant
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth. Irrelevant
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value. Weakens
Effect was present even before cause
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value. Strengthens

Answer D


ChiranjeevSingh
I am confused why D is right choice here.

Does argument already not say that "decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth" and decline occurred further because of Budget deficit ?
Info given in Choice D says that Prediction caused declines in dollar. This info is similar to what has been defined in argument. So how does it weaken the conclusion ?


Option D provides new information "Before there was a large budget deficit". This context was not provided in the original passage.

Makes sense?

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New post 08 Dec 2016, 19:21
TomB wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?

(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.

" But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit,"

can somebody explain the meaning of above sentence


I didn't select option D because something similar to that is mentioned in argument - "The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year."

Can we weaken a conclusion by using some point already mentioned in argument?

Expert reply on this will be very helpful.

Thanks.
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New post 09 Dec 2016, 00:59
PerseveranceWins wrote:
TomB wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?

(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.

" But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit,"

can somebody explain the meaning of above sentence


I didn't select option D because something similar to that is mentioned in argument - "The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year."

Can we weaken a conclusion by using some point already mentioned in argument?

Expert reply on this will be very helpful.

Thanks.

Not an expert but my two cents, option D contains the clause 'before there was any budget deficit'. This clause helps D to differentiate from the sentence stated in argument. That sentence in argument does not explicitly state whether the budget deficit factor is there.
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New post 09 Dec 2016, 11:57
deep14 wrote:
PerseveranceWins wrote:
TomB wrote:
The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year. But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit, which must therefore be decreased to prevent future currency declines.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion about how to prevent future currency declines?

(A) The government has made little attempt to reduce the budget deficit.
(B) The budget deficit has not caused a slowdown in economic growth.
(C) The value of the dollar declined several times in the year prior to the recent prediction of slower economic growth.
(D) Before there was a large budget deficit, predictions of slower economic growth frequently caused declines in the dollar’s value.
(E) When there is a large budget deficit, other events in addition to predictions of slower economic growth sometimes trigger declines in currency value.

" But that prediction would not have adversely affected the dollar had it not been for the government’s huge budget deficit,"

can somebody explain the meaning of above sentence


I didn't select option D because something similar to that is mentioned in argument - "The recent decline in the value of the dollar was triggered by a prediction of slower economic growth in the coming year."

Can we weaken a conclusion by using some point already mentioned in argument?

Expert reply on this will be very helpful.

Thanks.

Not an expert but my two cents, option D contains the clause 'before there was any budget deficit'. This clause helps D to differentiate from the sentence stated in argument. That sentence in argument does not explicitly state whether the budget deficit factor is there.


Hi Deep14,

Thanks for your quick response!
I can see the difference that you pointed out between the statement mentioned in argument and option D. But still I am not 100% sure that they are pointing to different things at the end.

But I still have the doubt that [because relation between predictions and decline in dollar value is already mentioned in argument (although no mention of budget deficit in that), and that same relation is used to weaken the argument] is it fine in general to use points present in argument and twist them a little to weaken or strengthen the conclusion?

I think I am missing something here :(

Comments will be highly appreciated.

Thanks.
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New post 10 Dec 2016, 20:15
Hi guys,

Please help me rule out option B. My reasoning is that:
Huge budget deficit--> prediction of slow economy leads to value decline

If Huge budget deficit doesn't cause the economy slowdown, the prediction of slow economy must come from a different reason, not from huge budget deficit. Therefore, it weakens the argument.

I know B is wrong, but someone please help fix my reasoning?I don't understand why people say B is not relevant :(

Thanks
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New post 12 Dec 2016, 21:07
hanminhee wrote:
Hi guys,

Please help me rule out option B. My reasoning is that:
Huge budget deficit--> prediction of slow economy leads to value decline

If Huge budget deficit doesn't cause the economy slowdown, the prediction of slow economy must come from a different reason, not from huge budget deficit. Therefore, it weakens the argument.

I know B is wrong, but someone please help fix my reasoning?I don't understand why people say B is not relevant :(

Thanks


The argument is about a relation between the decline in currency value and its cause (either slower economic growth or budget deficit). The argument is not about a relation between slower economic growth and budget deficit - "leads to value decline" is not a part of option B.
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