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# The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2017, 08:12
(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell --- wrong pronoun "it"

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen --- had -- not needed

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling --- correct S-V agreement ( have - results)

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling ---- prepositional modifier modifying results --- hence wrong

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen --- same as D

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2017, 01:12
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

Hello. the correct answer is C. BUT is it correct idiom "increased %" ? shouldn't it be "increased BY %"

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2017, 01:25
buckkitty wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

profits - plural

A - 'it' cannot refer to profits. Out.
B - Same as A.
C - 'have' agrees with profits. No issues. Keep.
D - 'with' modifies 'results' and makes 'results' the subject for 'falling'. We're talking about profits. Out.
E - Same as E.

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 04:43
dave13 wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

Hello. the correct answer is C. BUT is it correct idiom "increased %" ? shouldn't it be "increased BY %"

Both are alright - the idea would be clear if you consider the question forms:
1. BY what percent did X increase?: X increased BY 5%.
2. How much did X increase?: X increased 5%.

In the first case "5%" is a noun, the object of prepositional phrase "of 5%". The prepositional phrase "of 5%" as a whole is working as an adverbial phrase for the verb "increased".
In the second case "5%" itself is an adverb referring to the verb "increased".

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2017, 00:50
daagh wrote:
1. The pronoun ‘it’ has no locus standi here; we should say ‘they’ since the pronoun refers to the plural profits – A and B gone

2. The fall in profits is not a one-time affair that happened at a specific time two years ago. It has been falling for the past two years. Therefore, it might be right to use a present perfect or a present participle rather than a past perfect, since we do not have a bonafide simple past tense to intervene between the past perfect and the present tense of the text.

3. However, the problem in D and E is one of modification. The prepositional phrase - with a five percent increase- modifies the subject ‘the results’ rather than the profits This is wrong becos it is the profits that have gone up. It is illogical to say that the results went up 5%.

4. That is the reason C wins, by using the relative pronoun ‘which’

Hi daagh !

I wonder why with in D and E modifies the subject the results , not the preceding noun profits?

In the OG question below, with in C, D, E modifies the preceding noun insect eye, not the subject intricate structure.

The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it evolved independently of the vertebrate eye.

A having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it
B having hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that they
C with its hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain scientists' assuming that they
D with its hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain scientists' assuming that it
E with its hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that it
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2017, 11:48
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell = Incorrect Tense and usage of "it" is incorrect for plural subject "profits"

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen = Incorrect Tense and usage of "it" is incorrect for plural subject "profits"

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling = CORRECT

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling = Modifier "with a five percent increase" refers to "the results" instead of "profits"

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen = Modifier "with a five percent increase" refers to "the results" instead of "profits"
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 00:27
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell

pronoun error 'it'(singular) refers to profits (plural)

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen
tense error

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling
Correct

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling
incorrect

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen
Incorrect

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2017, 19:06
buckkitty wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

First Glance

The underline starts with a "comma which" structure. Watch out for Modifier issues.

Issues

(1) Pronoun: it

The original sentence says that it fell over the last two years. What fell?

Logically, the profits fell. The word profits, though, is plural, while the pronoun it is singular. Bad match! Answer (B) repeats this error. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

A vertical scan of the answers reveals a difference in verb tenses: increased, had increased, and have increased.

Two things happened in the past, with one thing happening before the other. Answer (B) uses past perfect for both first 3 months of this year and the last two years. Only the longer-ago event should use the past perfect; eliminate answer (B).

It's acceptable to use the simple past, as in answer (A), or the present perfect, as in answer (C). Answer (A) is a bit clunky because it uses the simple past for two events that took place at different times in the past. Don't cross answer (A) off just for this, but be skeptical; it's probably not correct.

(3) Modifier: with

"Comma which" is a noun modifier, so this clause is talking about the main noun before the comma: profits. Does that make sense? Yes—the profits have increased 5 percent.

"Comma with" is an adverbial modifier, which refers to the entire clause, not just the noun before the comma. What was with a 5 percent increase? The core of a clause is the subject, verb, and object (if there is an object), so the results are evident, with a 5 percent increase. Huh? That doesn't make sense. Here's a correct example: The dog barked happily at the moon, with joy exuding from every fiber of his being. The joy isn't exuding from the moon. The joy is exuding from the the happily barking dog.

Eliminate answers (D) and (E) because the "comma with" modifier is not clearly to the preceding noun, profits.

Correct answer (C) removes the incorrect pronoun it, modifies the logical noun profits, and uses an appropriate verb tense.
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2017, 21:42
aeglorre wrote:
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.
a. which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell
b. which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen
c. which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling
d. with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling
e. with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

What does "it" refer to, in A and B? The profits? That's plural... So A/B gone.

C) makes sense

D) "with a" doesn't make sense, the rest does but this is enough to eliminate D, since we already have C

E) makes the same mistake as D, so we go with C.

Care to elaborate why 'with' doesn't sense? My take is that 'with a five percent..." is illogically modifying results not profits.
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2017, 22:16
In Option c - Ing modifier falling should modify the preceding word or noun if there is no comma but here it is modifying which (profits). Someone please explain

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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its   [#permalink] 10 Nov 2017, 22:16

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