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The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist

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The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.

A) The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.
B) Scientists, in vastly underestimating the difficulties of a Mars landing, were emboldened by the first moon landing to claim that such a feat was imminent.
C) The first moon landing success emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, but the difficulties entailed in such a feat were underestimated
D) Vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in a Mars landing, scientists were emboldened by the moon landing to make such claims.
E) Emboldened by the success of the first moon landing, some scientists claimed that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties such a feat entails.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Vyshak on 03 Dec 2016, 23:55, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the answer choices to match the Source
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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I took the test a few day ago and fail on verbal, specifically on sc.

I am obsessed too much with grammar rules and do not focus on meaning.

this question is typical of sc thinking, meaning and logic.

I choose E here because it is most logic.

all other choice are wrong because meaning problem

because my english is enhanced already, I hope to fix verbal score in two month.

I think that the logic of sc and cr can be learn in a few months if the english of the test taker is enhanced alread

there are 2 problems for non native : english proficiency and skill on gmat. the first can be learn in 6 months, the second in 2 months. without the first, I can not learn the second
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2015, 09:39
can anyone explain what's wrong with option A?
"success of first landing on the moon" is much clearer than "first moon landing". Also, i have read somewhere that on gmat, "of something" is more preferred than " something's" . is it so?
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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grr8pe wrote:
can anyone explain what's wrong with option A?
"success of first landing on the moon" is much clearer than "first moon landing". Also, i have read somewhere that on gmat, "of something" is more preferred than " something's" . is it so?


Hello grr8pe

Comma before -ing modifier means that modifier modify the whole clause.
In this sentence clause is
The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.

So we received meaning: "Success ... emboldened ..., vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat."
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2015, 13:22
Harley1980 wrote:
The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.

A) The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.
B) Scientists, in vastly underestimating the difficulties of a Mars landing, were emboldened by the first moon landing to claim that such a feat was imminent.
C) The first moon landing success emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, a prediction in which the difficulties entailed in such a feat were underestimated.
D) Vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in a Mars landing, scientists were emboldened by the moon landing to make such claims.
E) Emboldened by the success of the first moon landing, some scientists claimed that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties such a feat entails.




Can someone please explain opt C
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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snowygari wrote:
Harley1980 wrote:
The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.

A) The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.
B) Scientists, in vastly underestimating the difficulties of a Mars landing, were emboldened by the first moon landing to claim that such a feat was imminent.
C) The first moon landing success emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, a prediction in which the difficulties entailed in such a feat were underestimated.
D) Vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in a Mars landing, scientists were emboldened by the moon landing to make such claims.
E) Emboldened by the success of the first moon landing, some scientists claimed that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties such a feat entails.




Can someone please explain opt C


Hello snowygari

C) The first moon landing success emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, a prediction in which the difficulties entailed in such a feat were underestimated.

The beginnings of phrase change original meaning: first moon landing success implies that were some moon landings and this was successful, but original meaning was: The success of the first landing: first landing - success.

difficulties underestimated - unneeded passive form

difficulties entailed in such feat I am not sure but think this is not correct or at least awkward form of saying: difficulties such a feat entails.
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2015, 16:55
Harley1980 wrote:
grr8pe wrote:
can anyone explain what's wrong with option A?
"success of first landing on the moon" is much clearer than "first moon landing". Also, i have read somewhere that on gmat, "of something" is more preferred than " something's" . is it so?


Hello grr8pe

Comma before -ing modifier means that modifier modify the whole clause.
In this sentence clause is
The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat.

So we received meaning: "Success ... emboldened ..., vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat."



opt a - the success of landing on moon emboldened some scientist to claim... thus underestimating the difficulties... modifying everything before..i.e. success, emboldened,claim etc....

opt e - simply says - scientist emboldened by success, claimed .. thus underestimating the difficulties (result of claim)

please check my understanding here :|
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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Snowygary

Let us consider two choices A and E.

A) The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat. --- here the previous clause is --- the success of the first landing on the moon emboldened --- and this is modified by—‘vastly underestimating …’ Please ask whether a success can underestimate! You can see why A is logically meaningless.

E) Emboldened by the success of the first moon landing, some scientists claimed that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties such a feat entails.

In E, the previous clause is--- some scientists claimed … --- the modifier modifies the scientists which is the subject of the previous clause and their action claimed --- and does so correctly
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 07:59
daagh wrote:
Snowygary

Let us consider two choices A and E.

A) The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat. --- here the previous clause is --- the success of the first landing on the moon emboldened --- and this is modified by—‘vastly underestimating …’ Please ask whether a success can underestimate! You can see why A is logically meaningless.

E) Emboldened by the success of the first moon landing, some scientists claimed that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties such a feat entails.

In E, the previous clause is--- some scientists claimed … --- the modifier modifies the scientists which is the subject of the previous clause and their action claimed --- and does so correctly


Hi,

Do we consider "Comma + Vastly underestimating" as "Comma + ING" modifier?
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2016, 07:32
neeraj609 wrote:
daagh wrote:
Snowygary

Let us consider two choices A and E.

A) The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties entailed in such a feat. --- here the previous clause is --- the success of the first landing on the moon emboldened --- and this is modified by—‘vastly underestimating …’ Please ask whether a success can underestimate! You can see why A is logically meaningless.

E) Emboldened by the success of the first moon landing, some scientists claimed that a Mars landing was imminent, vastly underestimating the difficulties such a feat entails.

In E, the previous clause is--- some scientists claimed … --- the modifier modifies the scientists which is the subject of the previous clause and their action claimed --- and does so correctly


Hi,

Do we consider "Comma + Vastly underestimating" as "Comma + ING" modifier?

Hi! Yes this is correct! This modifier modifies the clause preceeding it.
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2016, 01:55
Hi! =)

For (C), is it OK to say ", a prediction ..."?
"The first moon landing success emboldened some scientists to claim that a Mars landing was imminent, a prediction in which the difficulties entailed in such a feat were underestimated.
In this case I believe that "a prediction" is an appositive of "that a Mars landing was imminent," and "which was" is omitted here?
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Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2018, 23:57
C is closed but, "The first moon landing success" changes the meaning => C is definitely not the answer.
Re: The success of the first landing on the moon emboldened some scientist   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2018, 23:57
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