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The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to

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The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 10:06
1
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (03:10) correct 61% (03:04) wrong based on 186 sessions

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The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to consumer (DTC) advertising of prescription drugs is legal. Many research organizations and pharmaceutical industry groups contend that the ads are educational and provide consumers with important information that may benefit their health. Opponents counter that DTC drug ads are often just sales pitches which pressure doctors to provide unnecessary medications and cause patients to seek unhelpful and costly remedies. The recently published data speaks amply in favor of the latter group: the average number of prescriptions for new drugs with DTC advertising is currently nine times greater than prescriptions for new drugs without DTC ads. The claims that only the most reliable companies pursue DTC ads and therefore, this data is expected, are not rooted on facts since a number of such heavily advertised drugs have been shown to have long term safety problems.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that supports a judgment given in the argument; the second is an opinion that forms the basis of an objection to that support.

B. The first is a fact that supports the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support.

C. The first is a judgment that supports a claim that is supported by the argument; the second provides a counter-claim.

D. The first is an observation that seems to support a judgment made in the argument; the second creates doubts on a conclusion that is challenged in the argument.

E. The first is evidence that supports a conclusion which is challenged in the argument; the second provides another evidence to support that conclusion.

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Re: The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 00:07
Hi, can anyone kindly provide an answer for this? I think it is D.
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Re: The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 04:11
swadhakamal wrote:
Hi, can anyone kindly provide an answer for this? I think it is D.

Yup, I think it should be D too.
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The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 13:02
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gmat1393 wrote:
The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to consumer (DTC) advertising of prescription drugs is legal. Many research organizations and pharmaceutical industry groups contend that the ads are educational and provide consumers with important information that may benefit their health. Opponents counter that DTC drug ads are often just sales pitches which pressure doctors to provide unnecessary medications and cause patients to seek unhelpful and costly remedies. The recently published data speaks amply in favor of the latter group: the average number of prescriptions for new drugs with DTC advertising is currently nine times greater than prescriptions for new drugs without DTC ads. The claims that only the most reliable companies pursue DTC ads and therefore, this data is expected, are not rooted on facts since a number of such heavily advertised drugs have been shown to have long term safety problems.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that supports a judgment given in the argument; the second is an opinion that forms the basis of an objection to that support.

B. The first is a fact that supports the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support.

C. The first is a judgment that supports a claim that is supported by the argument; the second provides a counter-claim.

D. The first is an observation that seems to support a judgment made in the argument; the second creates doubts on a conclusion that is challenged in the argument.

E. The first is evidence that supports a conclusion which is challenged in the argument; the second provides another evidence to support that conclusion.


IMO answer has to be option A. Here's why.

There are 2 statements regarding DTC advertising of drugs-1. positive (advantages) 2. Negative (disadvantages) and the rest of the para supports the disadvantages. The 4th line says 'The recently published data speaks amply in favor of the latter group', which means the conclusion basically supports the negative statement!

A. The first is evidence that supports a judgment given in the argument; the second is an opinion that forms the basis of an objection to that support.
---> the first sentence supports the 'judgement', i.e., 'favor of latter group' with negative claim. The second sentence does support it.....CORRECT

B. The first is a fact that supports the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support.
---> The first part is half true but the second is faulty. The judgement hasn't increased any belief nor any such information is mentioned in the para.

C. The first is a judgment that supports a claim that is supported by the argument; the second provides a counter-claim.
---> Judgement supported by a claim which is supported by a mere argument? How? There is published data to prove it right. For second sentence, there is claim, no counter-claim. The bold statements are purely against the advertising of drugs to direct customers.

D. The first is an observation that seems to support a judgment made in the argument; the second creates doubts on a conclusion that is challenged in the argument.
---> Seems to be correct but no! First part is kinda right but second statement is faulty. The statement not help the argument challenge anything. There is no doubt on the argument been made regarding the disadvantages.

E. The first is evidence that supports a conclusion which is challenged in the argument; the second provides another evidence to support that conclusion.
--->The first statement doesn't support a conclusion that is said to have been challenged in the argument. The second part is correct.
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Re: The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2019, 02:37
I boiled the question down to A&B but not able to find a suitable reason to eliminate B.
Can anyone help me with the reason to eliminate B.
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Re: The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2019, 01:06
Hey ritika9809

In option B : The first is a fact that supports the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support.

The first part is correct. It indeed supports the main conclusion of the argument.
The second part is wrong the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support. it does not increase the belief. In fact, it goes against the author's belief. The author is trying to go against the belief that only the most reliable companies pursue DTC ads as stated in the last sentence of the argument

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Re: The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2019, 08:55
gmat1393 wrote:
The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to consumer (DTC) advertising of prescription drugs is legal. Many research organizations and pharmaceutical industry groups contend that the ads are educational and provide consumers with important information that may benefit their health. Opponents counter that DTC drug ads are often just sales pitches which pressure doctors to provide unnecessary medications and cause patients to seek unhelpful and costly remedies. The recently published data speaks amply in favor of the latter group: the average number of prescriptions for new drugs with DTC advertising is currently nine times greater than prescriptions for new drugs without DTC ads. The claims that only the most reliable companies pursue DTC ads and therefore, this data is expected, are not rooted on facts since a number of such heavily advertised drugs have been shown to have long term safety problems.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that supports a judgment given in the argument; the second is an opinion that forms the basis of an objection to that support.

B. The first is a fact that supports the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support.

C. The first is a judgment that supports a claim that is supported by the argument; the second provides a counter-claim.

D. The first is an observation that seems to support a judgment made in the argument; the second creates doubts on a conclusion that is challenged in the argument.

E. The first is evidence that supports a conclusion which is challenged in the argument; the second provides another evidence to support that conclusion.


What is the conclusion of this argument?
I'm narrowed down the options to A and E and chose E
why is E not correct?

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Re: The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2019, 09:17
Hey Nidheesha

The main conclusion of the argument: The recently published data speaks amply in favor of the latter group.

Option E. The first is evidence that supports a conclusion (this part is correct)
which is challenged in the argument; (the evidence supports the opponents' claim which is supported in the main conclusion)


the second provides another evidence to support that conclusion. this part is wrong on 2 accounts
First : The second part is not evidence. It is an opinion used to challenge the opponents' conclusion
Second : this part goes against the opponents' conclusion it does not support the conclusion

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The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2019, 00:47
Hi everyone,

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Context
The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to consumer (DTC) advertising of prescription drugs is legal.

Advocates
Many research organizations and pharmaceutical industry groups contend that the ads are educational and provide consumers with important information that may benefit their health.

Opponents view
Opponents counter that DTC drug ads are often just sales pitches which pressure doctors to provide unnecessary medications and cause patients to seek unhelpful and costly remedies.

Contextual information
The recently published data speaks amply in favor of the latter group:

Evidence supporting the opponents view (note that this BF goes in the same direction as the conclusion does)
the average number of prescriptions for new drugs with DTC advertising is currently nine times greater than prescriptions for new drugs without DTC ads.

This is a claim objected by the conclusion
The claims that only the most reliable companies pursue DTC ads

Conclusion
and therefore, this data is expected, are not rooted on facts since a number of such heavily advertised drugs have been shown to have long term safety problems.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Pre-thinking:
The first boldface is evidence and is in the same direction as the conclusion is.
The second boldface is a claim that the conclusion objects and of course the statement goes in the opposite direction compared to the conclusion


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


A. The first is evidence that supports a judgment given in the argument;correct

the second is an opinion that forms the basis of an objection to that support.Very wordy but correct. It is indeed an opinion; it forms the basis of an objection indeed; "to that support" means that the objection that follows does not support this statement.


Correct

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B. The first is a fact that supports the main conclusion of the argument;Correct

the second is a judgment that increases the belief in the support.No increase i the support. Incorrect

Incorrect


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C. The first is a judgment that supports a claim that is supported by the argument;The first is evidence, not a judgment. incorret

the second provides a counter-claim. It is a counter claim. correct

Incorrect

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D. The first is an observation that seems to support a judgment made in the argument;The first is evidence and not an observation. incorrect

the second creates doubts on a conclusion that is challenged in the argument. The second one does not have the purpose to create doubt. incorrect

Incorrect

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E. The first is evidence that supports a conclusion which is challenged in the argument; evidence=correct; no challenge to the conclusion. incorrect

the second provides another evidence to support that conclusion. The second BF is against the conclusion. incorrect

Incorrect
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The US and New Zealand are the only two countries where direct to   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2019, 00:47
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