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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken

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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 May 2018, 22:29
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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

(A) Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.

(B) The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.

(C) Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.

(D) A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years.

(E) If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase.

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Originally posted by Skywalker18 on 04 Jun 2017, 05:52.
Last edited by hazelnut on 03 May 2018, 22:29, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 07:40
I believe it is A.

The main argument is "So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans."

The effectiveness of antibiotics is weakened by eating pork raised with the antibiotics, found in sentence 1. Slowing this decline requires having less pork raised with those antibiotics.

Answer choice A suggests that if smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, other marketers will as well. This greatly reduces the amount of antibiotic raised pork on the market.

B and E are out of scope. Cost and hygiene are not mentioned in the argument.

C and D both involve antibiotics, but aren't part of the main argument, C offers an alternative and D has nothing to do with Smee.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 08:18
Skywalker18 wrote:
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?
A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.
D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase.



I will go with B here (Really confused between A & B)

I am overthinking to much ?? In A use of word "Probably". In B the decline in growth of hog farming due to discontinuation of growth inducing antibiotics can be offset by the improved hygiene (antibiotics' effectiveness on humans).

In Actual test if it is a first 8 question in Verbal i will mark A though

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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 09:17
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork. -Sounds good. If competitors follow Smee, the usage of antibiotics will be definitely reduced.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene. - We are not interested in the population of hog and its control.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance. - This will weaken the argument because it gives us an alternative
D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years - This doesn't tell in any way that how smee will have an impact on the usage of antibiotics.
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase. -We are definitely not bothered about the cost/profit of Smee.

Answer => A
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 17:37
Isn't the antecedent for 'their' in the first sentence incorrect? it seems like it refers to the antibiotics as hog is an adverb for farming and there is no other noun in the sentence.
Or may be i'm just stuck on a stupid point. :? Can someone please explain.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 03:53
AshnaGrover wrote:
Isn't the antecedent for 'their' in the first sentence incorrect? it seems like it refers to the antibiotics as hog is an adverb for farming and there is no other noun in the sentence.
Or may be i'm just stuck on a stupid point. :? Can someone please explain.


Hi,

Its a CR question. Don't get stuck onto useless points and waste your time identifying what is noun, adverb or something else.
Anyways, "their" does refer back to growth-promoting antibiotics.
Also, "hog" is NOT an adverb. "Farming" is not a verb here, its a noun. "hog farming" together make up compound noun. In a way its similar to saying "sugarcane farming" and sugarcane doesn't act as an adverb, right?

Nevertheless, don't get stuck onto such things in a CR question.

Hope that helps!
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 05:01
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?
A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.

B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.

Weaker

C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.

Out of scope

D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years

Not relevant

E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase.

Not relevant
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 02:09
Antibiotics are commonly seen in the doctors’ prescriptions which always come in forms of tablets, capsules, liquids, and ointments. And they are very effective for the diseases caused by bacteria such as colds, coughs, sore throats and fever.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2017, 19:30
Hard questions of CR in gmat often involves one right answer and a trap.
A is the winner b/c the argument is all about how marketer who stops buying pork can help to reduce the the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans..

There are many gmat questions in which the right answer must connect directly with the argument.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2018, 04:51
It was tough for me to decide between A & B.

A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.
Reason for avoiding this choice is not knowing whether other other major pork marketers will certainly stop buying pork if Smee no longer buys such pork. However this choice seems convincing enough too. :roll:

B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.
Honestly I did not like the way this choice was written. How can decline in hog growth be offset by improved hygiene? :x Nevertheless I went with this choice because I felt it will help to significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Can some experts throw tips to make a rationale when stuck between two choices like here? :?
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 12:39
PP777 wrote:
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee Company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the declinein antibiotics’ effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.
D. A phaseout of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years.
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm’s costs will probably increase.


A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork. - If more marketers stop buying pork, seeing Smee's change, a very significant portion of marketers would stop buying the pork raised on feed with antibiotics, thereby reducing the benefits of using more antibiotics in feed. Therefore, the decline in effectiveness of antibiotics on humans will reduce (according to 1st sentence)
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.Improved hygiene is Out of Scope here because we are not concerned with hygiene, but with effectiveness of antibiotics on humans.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.Irrelevant because we are talking about pork feeding on growth-promoting antibiotics, not about any other antibiotics.
D. A phaseout of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years.Irrelevant
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm’s costs will probably increase.Certainly not a strengthener, but a weakener. If Smee's costs would increase, it would reduce the cost by buying more pork raised with Antibiotics and thus, the effectiveness of antibiotics would decline sharply if Smee keeps buying the pork raised with antibiotics.

Answer - A.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2018, 09:39
+1 for A.It indicated why it will be effective for the decline in Antibiotics on humans.

PP777 wrote:
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee Company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics’ effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.
D. A phaseout of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years.
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm’s costs will probably increase.

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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 22:33
Premise:
1. use of antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans.
2. smee is largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics.
3. farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales.
4. smee has 60 % of market.

conclusion: So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics’ effectiveness for humans.

Pre-thinking : if smee has 60% of market, which means 40% of the market is acquired by other marketers. if these 40% kept selling antibiotics pork then conclusion could not be achieved. Mind that this is a kind of pattern GMAT uses to make such kind of problems. Many problems are of this same framework. If something such as this need to stop, make sure others also not doing it.


Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork. --- on the same lines as pre-thinking.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene. --- even if this is not less growth will be observed. but this is not evaluate the strategy question. if that then probably this one would be a contender.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance. ---- out of scope.
D. A phaseout of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years. --- irrelevant.
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm’s costs will probably increase. --- this is not out concern.
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken &nbs [#permalink] 05 May 2018, 22:33
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