GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Dec 2018, 11:50

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 16, 2018

     December 16, 2018

     03:00 PM EST

     04:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     December 16, 2018

     December 16, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51229
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:32
19
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (01:14) correct 17% (01:26) wrong based on 857 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.

(A) To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.

(B) Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured.

(C) Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem.

(D) A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured.

(E) It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.

NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019


(SC01554)

https://www.nytimes.com/1996/03/05/science/age-of-universe-is-now-settled-astronomer-says.html

Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because of the lack of a single yardstick by which all distances can be measured.

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4564
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 06:03
5
1
Top Contributor
4
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.


A. To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by. --- 1. 'a lack of a single yardstick' is wordier than 'no single yardstick' in B. 2. Unidiomatic end of the sentence with a preposition.

B. Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured. --Estimating is a gerund used as part of a substantive noun phrase followed by its verb 'is.' Correct construction.

C. Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem. --- 'A lack of a single yardstick' is troublesome.

D. A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured. --- is lacking by which' is a problem. It might mean that 'by which' modifies ' is lacking' rather than a yardstick.

E. It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.--- Meaning change, The text means to say that there is no single yardstick' but E says that a single yardstick(even if present) cannot measure all distances.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

General Discussion
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 14 Dec 2017
Posts: 518
Location: India
Premium Member
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 04:36
3
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.


A. To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.

B. Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured.

C. Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem.

D. A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured.

E. It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.
- distorts the meaning.

Answer A. Conveys the meaning & tone of the idea, better than the other options.

Thanks,
GyM
_________________

New to GMAT Club - https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-gmat-club-need-help-271131.html#p2098335

Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Dec 2017
Posts: 157
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 05:26
[quote="Bunuel"]To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.


A. To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.

B. Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured.

C. Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem.

D. A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured.

E. It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured. - I hope E is also correct but it might be due to its Passive voice construction and wordiness , I preferred B .
_________________

--If you like my post pls give kudos

Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 31 Jul 2017
Posts: 191
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Leadership
GMAT 1: 500 Q47 V15
GPA: 3.4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2018, 10:32
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.

(A) To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.
To estimate is incorrect - in the current sentence usage.
a lack of a single yardstick - can be written precisely as "no single yardstick".
Incorrect

(B) Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured.
Gerund at the start of sentence is acceptable. It correct all the errors in A.

(C) Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem.
there is a lack of a single yardstick - can be written precisely as "no single yardstick" Incorrect

(D) A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured.
It distorts the original meaning of the sentence and presents ambiguous meaning

(E) It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.
by no single yardstick can all distances be measured - Makes it incorrect

IMO- B
_________________

If it helps you please press Kudos!

Thank You
Sudhanshu

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Aug 2017
Posts: 25
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2018, 23:22
We can eliminate C,D and E at the first place. Between A and B, the correct construction is of B.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 374
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2018, 09:34
2
1
Hello Everyone!

Let’s tackle this question, one problem at a time, to narrow it down to the right answer!

After a quick scan of each answer, there are a few major differences between each answer. Let's tackle them one at a time, and we will come to the correct answer quickly!

You may already be familiar with the rule that you shouldn't end questions with a preposition. Did you know that also applies to other sentences and clauses too? Take a closer look at each answer, and find any sentences or clauses that end with a preposition:

(A) To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by. --> WRONG
(B) Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured. -> OK
(C) Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem. --> WRONG
(D) A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured. --> OK
(E) It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured. --> OK

There you go - we can bump off answers A and C because they both have clauses that end in prepositions, which is a major no-no in English!

Now that we're left with B, D, and E, let's take a closer look at intended meaning. Focus on finding the most clear and concise answer possible:

(B) Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured.

This is CORRECT! Everything is clear and concise. The structure of the sentence is clear (X is a problem because Y), and each phrase is cut down to only the most important words to convey meaning.

(D) A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured.

This is INCORRECT because it's overly wordy and potentially confusing to readers. By saying "A problem is X because Y" puts the focus on the word "problem," and not the actual problem at hand. Also, the phrase "a single yardstick is lacking" sounds awkward, and might lead readers to think there IS a yardstick to measure distance, but that it's flawed in some way. Saying "there is no single yardstick" would be clearer and more concise for readers.

(E) It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.

This is INCORRECT because the phrase "by no single yardstick" changes the meaning! Instead of meaning there is no one method to measure distance that exists, this means that all distance cannot be measured by one literal yardstick alone. Of course all distance cannot be measured by one little yardstick - who is going to take it deep into space and use it? ;-) That's not the intended meaning at all, so this is wrong. It also uses the structure "It is a problem to X because Y," which changes the focus from the actual problem (estimating the expansion rate of the universe) to some mysterious "It." There is no need for this extra "it" to be here - just tell us what the problem is and get on with it!

Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.
_________________

"Students study. GMAT assassins train."
Image

Image

★★★★★ GMAT Club Verified Reviews for EMPOWERgmat & Special Discount


GMAT Club Verbal Advantage EMPOWERgmat Critical Reasoning Question Pack

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Dec 2016
Posts: 237
Concentration: Marketing, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.65
WE: Marketing (Education)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2018, 14:02
daagh wrote:
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.


A. To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by. --- 1. 'a lack of a single yardstick' is wordier than 'no single yardstick' in B. 2. Unidiomatic end of the sentence with a preposition.

B. Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured. --Estimating is a gerund used as part of a substantive noun phrase followed by its verb 'is.' Correct construction.

C. Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem. --- 'A lack of a single yardstick' is troublesome.

D. A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured. --- is lacking by which' is a problem. It might mean that 'by which' modifies ' is lacking' rather than a yardstick.

E. It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.--- Meaning change, The text means to say that there is no single yardstick' but E says that a single yardstick(even if present) cannot measure all distances.


Thank you daagh for this explanation. However, regarding answer A : can we use "To estimate the expansion..." as a subject? I'm just curious.
_________________

There's an app for that - Steve Jobs.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 27
CAT Tests
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Aug 2018, 08:59
1
septwibowo wrote:
daagh wrote:
To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.


A. To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by. --- 1. 'a lack of a single yardstick' is wordier than 'no single yardstick' in B. 2. Unidiomatic end of the sentence with a preposition.

B. Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured. --Estimating is a gerund used as part of a substantive noun phrase followed by its verb 'is.' Correct construction.

C. Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem. --- 'A lack of a single yardstick' is troublesome.

D. A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured. --- is lacking by which' is a problem. It might mean that 'by which' modifies ' is lacking' rather than a yardstick.

E. It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.--- Meaning change, The text means to say that there is no single yardstick' but E says that a single yardstick(even if present) cannot measure all distances.


Thank you daagh for this explanation. However, regarding answer A: can we use "To estimate the expansion..." as a subject? I'm just curious.


Yes, Infinitives can be used as a subject in a sentence. In fact, both infinitives and gerunds can be used as subject or objects in a sentence.

More info @ https://www.fluentu.com/blog/english/ge ... finitives/
https://www.ef.com/english-resources/en ... nfinitive/
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Jul 2018
Posts: 37
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Strategy, Organizational Behavior
Schools: CBS
GMAT 1: 200 Q1 V1
GPA: 3
WE: Sales (Consulting)
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Aug 2018, 17:01
Please explain why "no single" is the correct grammatical usage.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously &nbs [#permalink] 16 Aug 2018, 17:01
Display posts from previous: Sort by

To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.