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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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E

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

Originally posted by chunjuwu on 04 Jan 2005, 09:27.
Last edited by mau5 on 24 Aug 2013, 04:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Feb 2011, 18:04
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@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun ‘that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’
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Originally posted by daagh on 10 Feb 2011, 09:24.
Last edited by daagh on 11 Feb 2011, 18:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2005, 21:43
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5
It should be E.
Relative pronoun "that" should refer to closest noun "satellites" which is plural. A and B are out. C is NOT an absolute phrase. It has conjugated verb "are interacting" so it is a clause but with no subject or relative pronoun referring to the subject at hand. Furthermore, it is very awkwardly written. D, "part of an effort for 15 years" is grammatically wrong.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2005, 14:24
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Must be (E)
The rule is: "one of [plurals] that [plural-verb]..."
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 00:27
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B is wrong because it changes the meaning. "Is" is correct. Because "is" here refers to "one of the many." one is singular. But this is the very fact why it is wrong cuz it changes the meaning. It is not wrong because it doesn't agree with verb. "Which" does not have to refer to satellites. In fact, I there are two examples in the Brutal SC that applying this "rule" will give you a wrong answer.

A is the only one that has the subject/verb agreement wrong.

B says (correctly): Of all the satellites, the AM-1 is the one that is part of the 15 years... (Only the AM-1 is part of the effort of subjecting. the other ones are NOT)

E says: The AM-1 is one of many satellites that are ALL part of the the 15 years... (This is what the stem is trying to say but it used "is" instead of "Are" which is wrong.)

Gurus please comment.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2011, 09:37
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A,B and C are straight away out because of subject-verb disagreement. 'That' refers to satellites and D and E properly uses plural verb 'are' instead of 'is'.

15-Year effort is simple and concise than 'effort for 15 years'. Also in D 'that' wrongly refers to 15 Years. Hence E is the right answer.

Hope this helps. Thank You.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2012, 01:21
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This is the general rule:
One of the 'Noun' (will always be plural) + that/who + Plural Verb
e.g. This is one of the questions that are incorrect
vs
One of the 'Noun‘ (will always be plural) + Singular Verb
e.g. One of the chairs is broken
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2012, 23:28
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The pith is whether the main verb is singular or plural; we may now see the emphasis and the utility of the definite article- the -in the context. The article –the- after the preposition-of- indicates that the clause is trying to focus on those many satellites rather than the singular AM-1. The restrictive pronoun that is also handy to heighten this focus and eventfully lead to the plural verb - are. – . In other words, all the satellites are part of the project and not just the AM-1 alone.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces ---- verb is singular; wrong. Years of subjecting is unidiomatic

B. satellites,which are a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact ---' to subject how' changes the meaning; wrong
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting ------ 15 years should be marked with an apostrophe to mark possession; wrong.

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces – 15 years that has subjected is wrong reference of that

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactionsof Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces --- Correct

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2013, 19:34
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’



I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2013, 01:03
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mohnish104 wrote:
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’



I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?


Hello mohnish

Interesting question :) You say Earth's ocean when you want to refer to the continuous body of salt water that covers 72 percent of the Earth's surface. If you say Earth's oceans, you imply the number of divisions of the ocean, including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic oceans. This question, however, just wants to imply the interaction, in general, of Earth's ocean - body of salt water to detailed scrutiny from space. It does not matter which division is.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Apr 2014, 08:01
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land
surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land
surfaces

Meaning : AM-1 is Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter. AM-1 is part of the new satellites which are part of a 15-year effort. The effort was to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space

Option A) the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites. That replaces satellites so the verb should be plural and not singular.
15 years effort is not the correct usage. it should be "a 15 year effort". - Incorrect.

Option B) satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
interact - Incorrect.

Option C) AM-1 is one of the many new satellites, part - > part represents a noun modifier and that should modify the closest noun from the preceding clause.There is no closest noun in the preceding clause which can be modified by "part" - incorrect.

Option D) satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces. "That" should replace effort and that is closest to years which is incorrect. That can be corrected by using "a 15 year effort that".
And also there is a meaning issue. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years -> Satellites was there for 15 years but as per the original sentence, the effort was for 15 years.
Hence incorrect

Option E) looks good and correct answer.
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Originally posted by kinjiGC on 27 Apr 2014, 07:29.
Last edited by kinjiGC on 27 Apr 2014, 08:01, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2014, 07:35
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That's right. You need "are".

Let's take an example:
He is one of the few friends who has/have helped me.

"He" and "is" are in agreement.

Note that the sentence doesn't say, "He is THE one" to suggest that only he has helped me. In the "one of X" construction, X must be plural (you can select one from many, not from one).
So let's write this part as: He is one of them.

On to the second part. This part can be written thus: A few friends HAVE helped me.

The original sentence is saying:
A few friends have helped me.
He is one of them.

When you combine the two, "them" becomes "the few friends who HAVE helped me".

Whenever you notice the definite article "the"--before "friends" (and before "satellites" in the question)--take it as a hint and deconstruct the sentence as shown above. Then applying subject-verb agreement becomes easy.


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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2014, 09:02
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SIddharthMalik93 wrote:
One is always singular and singular subjects go with singular verbs "is" is infact correct.
consider the example - honda is one of the many new car makers that is nominated to get the award.
prepositional phrases are always removed and the sentence becomes honda is one that is nominated to get the award.
similarly , am-1 is one that is... not are

Actually it should be: honda is one of the many new car makers that are nominated to get the award.

Basically the sentence is saying:

There are many new car makers that are nominated to get the award; Honda is one of them.

GMAT is pretty consistent with this kind of structure (as is the case in this sentence: AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that are part of a 15-year effort...).

A known exception to this is when the sentence uses the word only.

Honda is the only one of the many new car makers that is nominated to get the award.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses this issue of modification by that, its application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2014, 20:38
E wins .. "That" and "which" act more or less in the same way in describing only the word that immediately precedes them.

one of the many factors, which are visibly seen.

one of the many factors that are visibly seen.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2014, 10:06
janxavier wrote:
E wins .. "That" and "which" act more or less in the same way in describing only the word that immediately precedes them.

one of the many factors, which are visibly seen.

one of the many factors that are visibly seen.

Actually in GMAT, the usage of that and which shows a consistent pattern of usage difference; more specifically, that is much more flexible and can modify words that are not immediately preceding.

An example is #105, OG-13, where that modifies tool (..... a tool for private conversation that could substitute...), though private conversation was the immediately preceding word. There are many such examples in OG.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses the usage difference between which and that, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2014, 03:04
1
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter,
the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites
that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of
Earth’s atmosphere,
oceans, and
land surfaces

to detailed scrutiny
from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

1. The interactions of X is subjected to Y.
1.a. effort of subjecting Vs effort to subject. Q: Whats the intention to the 15-year effort? to subject the interactions of X to Y

2. 2/3 slpit Is Vs Are: Which one to go for?
Text post the satellites is describing "satellites" and not AM-1. AM-1 has already been well introduced in the starting of the sentence.Now the many new satellites need to be explained to justify their purpose.So Are is req. A,B are out.

3. an effort for 15 yrs Vs a 15-years effort. Later sounds more correct. A,C,D r out.
A valuable note from "daagh".
First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 00:47
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2015, 13:57
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
Satellites - plural, is singular wrong

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
Same as A

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
IC,IC wrong

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
Usage of second "that" is not required

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
Correct


Hence E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 11:04
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
Satellites is plural.. 'that' referrs to plural satellites hence is is wrong.
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
same as A
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
Run on sentence
D. satellites that arepart of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
wrong meaning
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
Correct: rectifies the mistake in 'A'
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2015, 21:42
The point to not here is that whenever the restrictive ‘that’ intervenes in a construction, it refers to the noun that is just before( in 99% percent of the cases); here in this case ‘that’ refers to the satellites only. Although, the relative pronoun ‘which’ has some flexibility to modify a noun farther before when critical mission modifiers are involved, that occurrence is more an exception than a rule.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces --- satellites that is part is SV error

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact --- satellites, which is a part – fouling of relative pronoun touch rule; also ‘to subject how certain things interact’ changes the original meaning of ‘to subject the interactions’

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting -- of subjecting is unidiomatic since there is an intention inherent is the task; 15 years effort should be 15 years' effort

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces --- for 15 years that has subjected – This is SV error and change of meaning


E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land
surfaces ----- correct choice. A 15-year old is the correct idiomatic expression and the infinitive ‘to subject’ fits in smugly with the context of an inherent intention
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is &nbs [#permalink] 19 Oct 2015, 21:42

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