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Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine

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Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Jul 2017, 11:48
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Question Stats:

80% (01:09) correct 20% (01:34) wrong based on 109 sessions

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Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates

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Originally posted by carcass on 15 Feb 2016, 09:28.
Last edited by carcass on 27 Jul 2017, 11:48, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2016, 09:44
1
carcass wrote:
Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates

Hi
the Q tests on parallelism and verb..
1) parallelism:- when we read the sentence , we see that enough to affect ..., and create... is the correct way to establish parallelism between affect and create..
2) verb:- create is the correct usage..

Only B remains

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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2016, 09:49
1
We do require an ‘and’ after ‘themselves’ because there is a list of two things in what follows and those two things should be separated by a coordinating conjunction.
Choices B and E qualify; E is wrong grammatically by using an unparallel passive voice and active voice combination.
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2016, 10:31
Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

there is an issue of parallelism in D and E...it should be "to affect and create" this D and E are out
One need "and" before create so A and C are out

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create---AND is missing before "create"

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create--right option

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create----three mistakes....1)"that" after "enough" is wrong 2) changing the overall meaning as unseasonable weather can cool vineyards TO affect and Create 3) "and" before create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates---Creates is wrong and one need to put AND before "Create" as unseasonable weather has two impacts, affect the size and create unwanted moisture--->"that" is also wrong

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates---same mistakes as D
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2016, 03:08
1
sananoor wrote:
Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

there is an issue of parallelism in D and E...it should be "to affect and create" this D and E are out
One need "and" before create so A and C are out

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create---AND is missing before "create"

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create--right option

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create----three mistakes....1)"that" after "enough" is wrong 2) changing the overall meaning as unseasonable weather can cool vineyards TO affect and Create 3) "and" before create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates---Creates is wrong and one need to put AND before "Create" as unseasonable weather has two impacts, affect the size and create unwanted moisture--->"that" is also wrong

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates---same mistakes as D

sananoor

Just an add-on - the simplified nesting structure is as follows:

Weather cools Vineyards enough to affect size and (to) create moisture. [ W cools V enough to do 2 things... thing 1: affect size and thing 2:create moisture]

The moisture can cause mold and deterioration. [The moisture can cause 2 things .. thing 2.1: mold and 2.2: deterioration]

The things 2.1 and 2.2 are nested within the thing 2.

The above way of thinking may be helpful in solving parallelism problems with high complexity.

Hence the combined structure would be:

Weather cools Vineyards enough to affect size and (to) create moisture that can cause mold and deterioration.
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 02:34
chetan2u wrote:
carcass wrote:
Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates

Hi
the Q tests on parallelism and verb..
1) parallelism:- when we read the sentence , we see that enough to affect ..., and create... is the correct way to establish parallelism between affect and create..
2) verb:- create is the correct usage..

Only B remains

I have a question here. I feel that the usage of list is wrong here. I suppose a,b,and c is a right usage while a,and b is wrong.
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 02:46
RatneshS wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
carcass wrote:
Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates

Hi
the Q tests on parallelism and verb..
1) parallelism:- when we read the sentence , we see that enough to affect ..., and create... is the correct way to establish parallelism between affect and create..
2) verb:- create is the correct usage..

Only B remains

I have a question here. I feel that the usage of list is wrong here. I suppose a,b,and c is a right usage while a,and b is wrong.

Hi,
you are correct in your observation..
But it is not that you can never have 'comma' before 'and'.
whenever you are joining two independent clauses with 'and' , you will use 'comma'..

example:-
1) He is very bold and stubborn..
2) He is very bold, and he is stubborn.

in this Q you are correct, COMMA should not be used for teh reason mentioned above, both 'affect and 'create' refer to same subject..
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2016, 12:58
carcass wrote:
Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vineyards in the Bordeaux region enough to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create unwanted moisture that can cause mold in some grape varieties and deterioration in others.

(A) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, create

(B) to affect the overall size of the grapes themselves, and create

(C) that the overall size of the grapes themselves are affected, create

(D) that it affects the overall size of the grapes themselves, creates

(E) that the size of the grapes are affected and creates

Dear carcass,
My intelligent colleague, thank you for posting this question. I'm happy to respond!

I will say, I am not particularly impressed with the quality of this as a SC question. This is not very challenging and not very GMAT-like.

The prompt is wrong because it lacks the word "and" linking the two branches of the parallelism.

Choice (B) adds the word "and." Presumably, this is the OA.

The other choices introduce a clunky "that"-clause construction. The pronoun subject in (D) is ambiguous. Both (C) & (D) repeat the prompt mistake, and (E) alters the first verb so much that logically the two branches of parallelism don't match.

Basically, the entire question hinges on the presence or absence of "and" between two branches of parallelism: I would call this a "Parallelism 101" topic. This is leagues below the kind of thinking the GMAT SC requires. If anything, this question might pass as a sub-500 question on the test. As a question writer myself, I would give this question a grade of a C-, minimally acceptable at best.

Here's a high quality SC practice question:
After the 2010 census

Let me know if anyone has any questions.

Mike
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 09:09
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Re: Unseasonable weather in the months before a wine harvest can cool vine   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 09:09
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