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V30-03

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V30-03  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 06:07
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

25% (01:51) correct 75% (00:25) wrong based on 12 sessions

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The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, "stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat," as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949. After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets-emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers)-blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the GDR through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed-the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

The author would most likely agree with which of the following?

A. The Berlin Airlift ensured a decade of relative calm from 1949 to 1958
B. The Soviets were embarrassed because despite their technological successes, people were fleeting in large numbers
C. East Germans were emboldened to leave for the West in large numbers because there were no significant blockades
D. The decade following the blockade was calm because of technological innovations by the Soviets
E. The majority of the defectors who left East Germany in the decade after the blockade were young skilled workers

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Re V30-03  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 06:07
Official Solution:

The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, "stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat," as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949. After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets-emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers)-blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the GDR through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed-the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

The author would most likely agree with which of the following?

A. The Berlin Airlift ensured a decade of relative calm from 1949 to 1958
B. The Soviets were embarrassed because despite their technological successes, people were fleeting in large numbers
C. East Germans were emboldened to leave for the West in large numbers because there were no significant blockades
D. The decade following the blockade was calm because of technological innovations by the Soviets
E. The majority of the defectors who left East Germany in the decade after the blockade were young skilled workers

For the next three years, the Soviets-emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers)-blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted The passage infers that the numbers in which people were fleering were embarrassing to the Soviets despite their continuous innovation in science and technology.

Answer: B
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Re V30-03  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 07:30
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate.
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Re V30-03  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2018, 10:56
I think this the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. I was stuck between B and C. Just because a nation launches a satellite into space doesn't mean that people want to live in this country. Hence, I wasn't really sure whether the correlation mentioned in B makes sense.

C is not explicitly stated but the mention that three mio. people fled after the end of the blockage indicates that there weren't any major blockades anymore and that this might be a reason for the high number of refugees.

Can somebody please shed light on this issue?
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Re V30-03 &nbs [#permalink] 11 Jun 2018, 10:56
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