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Re: When women are persecuted on account of their gender, they are likely [#permalink]
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1. According to the passage, which one of the following is true about both the United Nations Convention and the UNHCR Handbook?
=> Very well drafted question. Its inference type question. First thing notice there are three documents mentioned International Refugee org document(IRO), Convention and handbook, and we need to have clarity on what's the difference between all of them. IRO - base document w/o Social group(SG) mentioned; Convention - SG mentioned open to possibilities, Handbook - SG with specific mention of women group.
(A) Both documents are likely to exert a strong influence on improving the status of women in countries that are members of the United Nations. => Last statement says the UN documents influence hence both convention and handbook will influence. CORRECT
(B) Both documents explicitly support granting refugee status to women fleeing gender-based persecution. => Only Handbook does - INCORRECT
(C) Both documents recommend using the socialgroup category to classify women refugees seeking asylum from persecution. => Only Handbook does - INCORRECT
(D) Both documents suggest that the social-group category can be applied to a wide variety of asylum-seekers. => This is close contender, but only convention suggests this. Handbook actually exemplifies by mentioning women - INCORRECT (I chose this)
(E) Both documents describe a social group as persons who share a similar background and hold a similar status in society. => Only Handbook does - INCORRECT


3. Which one of the following asylum-seekers would be most likely to qualify for refugee status under the social-group category as it is described in the passage?
=> First notice for refugee status, some kind of persecution is necessary so A, B and D are out. Now in the passage there are two places where eligibility criteria is mentioned - line 6 para 1 and last statement 3rd para. If you miss to see the second one you will go wrong.
(A) a woman who is unable to earn enough money to support her family because she comes from a poor country - INCORRECT
(B) a woman who has limited opportunities to improve her socioeconomic status because of racial discrimination in her country - INCORRECT
(C) a woman who is unable to obtain an education because she is a member of a particular religious group - INCORRECT
(D) a woman who faces persecution because she rejects the accepted norm in her country concerning arranged marriages => this is clearly mentioned in the last statement of 3rd para - CORRECT
(E) a woman who faces persecution because she opposes her government’s harsh treatment of political prisoners => opposing harsh treatment of some kind of prisoners(political) is not same as persecuted due to a political opinion, the author beautifully traps you with his wording if you selected this option - INCORRECT


5. The author of the passage would most likely agree with which one of the following statements about the definition of a refugee in the constitution of the International Refugee Organization?
=> Very easy, just need to maintain the clarity on who was responsible for what.
(A) It failed to include some asylum-seekers who should have been considered eligible for refugee status. => CORRECT
(B) It provided a strong basis to support the claim that women seeking asylum from gender-based persecution should be eligible for asylum. => Opposite it did not do that
(C) It reflected an awareness that some groups of refugees seeking asylum do not easily fall into specific categories. => This is point of drafters of the convention - INCORRECT
(D) It established that a person’s social-group membership may be as significant a cause of persecution as a person’s race, religion, or nationality. => No such comparison done - INCORRECT
(E) It prevented individual nations from refusing asylum to persons who were clearly eligible for such status on the basis of the definition. => No such mention - INCORRECT
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Re: When women are persecuted on account of their gender, they are likely [#permalink]
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HASTOWINGMAT wrote:
Sajjad1994

Can you please explain the answer to Question 5? I chose option C but the correct answer is A.
From the passage, I understood that it would be difficult to categorize few people, therefore creating a safety net to make few people eligible for refugee even though they couldn't fit into any of the enlisted categories.


Explanation


5. The author of the passage would most likely agree with one of the following statements about the definition of a refugee in the constitution of the International Refugee Organization?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

The only reference to the IFO constitution lines 21-23 says that it failed to include the UN Convention, which is the social group category. That failure is that which (A) describes, and for that matter that which (D) contradicts.

The single sentence in lines 21-23 makes no mention of gender-based persecution, (B). If anything, the IFO constitution did the opposite of (C), in that it seems to have left out any catch-all category. The passage falls short of describing the impact, positive or negative, of the treatment of the refugee definition in the IFO’s constitution, (E).

Answer: A
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Re: When women are persecuted on account of their gender, they are likely [#permalink]
Prateek101 wrote:
1. According to the passage, which one of the following is true about both the United Nations Convention and the UNHCR Handbook?
=> Very well drafted question. Its inference type question. First thing notice there are three documents mentioned International Refugee org document(IRO), Convention and handbook, and we need to have clarity on what's the difference between all of them. IRO - base document w/o Social group(SG) mentioned; Convention - SG mentioned open to possibilities, Handbook - SG with specific mention of women group.
(A) Both documents are likely to exert a strong influence on improving the status of women in countries that are members of the United Nations. => Last statement says the UN documents influence hence both convention and handbook will influence. CORRECT
(B) Both documents explicitly support granting refugee status to women fleeing gender-based persecution. => Only Handbook does - INCORRECT
(C) Both documents recommend using the socialgroup category to classify women refugees seeking asylum from persecution. => Only Handbook does - INCORRECT
(D) Both documents suggest that the social-group category can be applied to a wide variety of asylum-seekers. => This is close contender, but only convention suggests this. Handbook actually exemplifies by mentioning women - INCORRECT (I chose this)
(E) Both documents describe a social group as persons who share a similar background and hold a similar status in society. => Only Handbook does - INCORRECT


3. Which one of the following asylum-seekers would be most likely to qualify for refugee status under the social-group category as it is described in the passage?
=> First notice for refugee status, some kind of persecution is necessary so A, B and D are out. Now in the passage there are two places where eligibility criteria is mentioned - line 6 para 1 and last statement 3rd para. If you miss to see the second one you will go wrong.
(A) a woman who is unable to earn enough money to support her family because she comes from a poor country - INCORRECT
(B) a woman who has limited opportunities to improve her socioeconomic status because of racial discrimination in her country - INCORRECT
(C) a woman who is unable to obtain an education because she is a member of a particular religious group - INCORRECT
(D) a woman who faces persecution because she rejects the accepted norm in her country concerning arranged marriages => this is clearly mentioned in the last statement of 3rd para - CORRECT
(E) a woman who faces persecution because she opposes her government’s harsh treatment of political prisoners => opposing harsh treatment of some kind of prisoners(political) is not same as persecuted due to a political opinion, the author beautifully traps you with his wording if you selected this option - INCORRECT


5. The author of the passage would most likely agree with which one of the following statements about the definition of a refugee in the constitution of the International Refugee Organization?
=> Very easy, just need to maintain the clarity on who was responsible for what.
(A) It failed to include some asylum-seekers who should have been considered eligible for refugee status. => CORRECT
(B) It provided a strong basis to support the claim that women seeking asylum from gender-based persecution should be eligible for asylum. => Opposite it did not do that
(C) It reflected an awareness that some groups of refugees seeking asylum do not easily fall into specific categories. => This is point of drafters of the convention - INCORRECT
(D) It established that a person’s social-group membership may be as significant a cause of persecution as a person’s race, religion, or nationality. => No such comparison done - INCORRECT
(E) It prevented individual nations from refusing asylum to persons who were clearly eligible for such status on the basis of the definition. => No such mention - INCORRECT

­Thanks yes I got trapped on Question 3 where I selection option E, ie political opinion. My approach was similar to yours in the sens that I eliminated options that involved no persecution. Then I was between D and E and I selected E. Great question, not sure why it is tagged medium this question is hard man so close.
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Re: When women are persecuted on account of their gender, they are likely [#permalink]
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