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Whereas American dialects of the English language

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:58
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend ---- what do those refer to? dialects of dialects??? or words? it does not make any sense
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends ----- that refers to language. language of dialects? doesn't make sense
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends ---- dialects is subject and it is plural
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend ---- dialects is subject and it is plural
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --CORRECT
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:59
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Sentence should follow: -
Whereas X, Y
Subject verb agreement

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Those of European dialects refers to words and not to American dialects and is not parallel to American dialects. Incorrect

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
That of European dialects is also not parallel to American dialects. Incorrect

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
That of European dialects is also not parallel to American dialects. American dialects ...adopts is also incorrect. Incorrect

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
American dialects... adopts is incorrect

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
Whereas American dialects ...., European dialects ... is correct parallel construction.
American dialects ... adopt is also correct subject-verb agreement.
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions. is a correct sentence.

IMO E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:05
1
E

Note that "American dialects" is plural so correct verb is "adopt". So, C and D are out. Meaning wise, sentence attempts to compare American dialects and European dialects.

Below are my reasons to reject other options:

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
"those" seems to refer to "American dialects" which makes no sense. American dialects of European dialects ....makes no sense. Out

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
"that" has no sensible referent. Out

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Out because of above reasoning.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
Out because of above reasoning.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
Correct. Comparison is between American and European dialects.
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jul 2019, 22:20
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Quote:
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


Let us find out in this sentence correction (SC) question, what is the best option for the underlined piece by analyzing options below:
(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - In this option, the phrase "those of European dialects" incorrectly refers to "American dialects" and the meaning of resulting phrase "American dialects of European dialects" is awkward and makes no any sense. Incorrect
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - Here, the word "that" in the second part of sentence refers to dialects and should be in plural form "those". Incorrect
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - "Language of English" is wordy and it is better to be substituted by "English language". In the second part of the sentence, there is a same mistake as in the option A: the word "that" refers to dialects and there is no meaning in the resulted phrase. Incorrect
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - In this option, the word "adopts" refers to American dialects and should be in plural form. Incorrect
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - In this option parallelism is adhered to, and in the second part of the sentence, the phrases "that of" and "those of" are correctly avoided. Correct

Answer: E

Originally posted by RusskiyLev on 18 Jul 2019, 09:09.
Last edited by RusskiyLev on 18 Jul 2019, 22:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:09
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend -- Those refers to american dialects : Incorrect
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends -- That doesnt have a proper reference noun: Incorrect
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends -- incorrect verb of adopts
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend-- incorrect verb of adopts
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend -- Correct
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:14
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American dialect is not underlined


It has to be compared with European dialect not those or that of it

A uses those

B uses that ( that may refer to English language but then makes no sense )

C uses that and SV error

SV error with adopts

E is correct with no mistakes

E it is !!

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:22
(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend--- pronoun error what is those referring to. American dialects of European dialects/English Language of European Dialects both are incorrect.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends--same as A
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends--Same as A
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend--pronoun error dialects are plural
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:24
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - Incorrect, What does "those" refer to? dialects ? (nonsensical)
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - Incorrect, What does "that" refer to? English language ? English language of European dialects (nonsensical, must be in reverse)
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends Incorrect, What does "that" refer to? language ? language of European dialects (nonsensical)
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - Incorrect, dialects require plural verb "adopt"
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - Correct

IMO E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:37
The word "American dialects" is plural so it needs a plural verb "adopt"

"C" and "D" used "...adopts...", both are eliminated based on that.

The proper pronoun to represent the antecedent which is plural is "those"

Only answer choice A used "those"

Final answer is answer choice A.

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:40
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IMO-E

This question tests SV agreement & parallelism in comparison

Whereas X......, Y - Element X & Y should be parallel.
So , X & Y should be
X- American dialects
Y- European dialects

Also, American dialects (plural)------Verb adopt

Whereas American dialects of the
(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend -----Incorrect------- American dialects compared to words of European dialects----- not correct comparison
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-----Incorrect------- American dialects compared to words of European dialects----- not correct comparison
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends------Incorrect------- American dialects compared to words of European dialects----- not correct comparison + SV Error
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend------Incorrect------- SV Error
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-----Correct---------- American dialects compared to European dialects (Correct) + SV correct
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 10:03
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"American dialects" requires plural verb, drop options which use singular "adopts" (C and D)

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
What "those" refers to? to "languages"? incorrect
We want "European dialects of English language" not "langueges of European dialects"

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
here plural "those" is changed to singular "that". this move does not help option B as the meaning is incorrect.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
I like this one, On the other hand, we have "American dialects of the English" which do some things and on the other hand we have "European dialects (of English language)" which do other things.
Quite similar and correct for me

IMO
Ans: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 10:19
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Using POE to choose the best answer:

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - "those of Europeans" is very vague and it is unclear that "those" refers to dialects. A can be eliminated.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - "that of European dialects" is still very vague and confusing. Verb should be "tend" instead of tends because dialects is plural. Enough wrong with B for us to look elsewhere, eliminate.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - "Language of English!!" Jeez! such a long wordy way of saying English language. Correct verb form shall be adopt and not "adopts" as is used here because dialects is plural, "that of European dialects" is redundant and wordy, the whereas at the beginning establishes that we are contrasting between two different dialects. Tends is the incorrect verb to use with the plural dialect, lose C.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - "adopts" is wrong here, just as in C, D is clearly wrong.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - "European dialects" in the second clause makes it clear that the discussion is regarding the two distinct dialects of the English language, both adopt and tend are the correct verb forms to be used with a plural "dialects", E is your answer then
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 11:07
(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend. Dialects is plural.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend. Correct.

A,B,C have wrong comparison.

E is correct.
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Jul 2019, 20:11
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend

Meaning: contrasting american dialects of english language to that of European dialects
analysis: Whereas American dialects(s1- plural) of the English language often adopt(v1- plural) words from other languages, those(s2- plural) of European dialects tend(v2 - plural) toward the creation of new terms and expressions.
pronoun those :plural those refers to singular English Language so wrong here

POE

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(wrong as mentioned in analysis)

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
subject verb matches that singular to tends verb singular. that of comparison is singular pointing to english language singular followed by tends (singular verb). So seems correct in these two . Whereas the comparison is odd, american dialect cannot be compared to the that of ie english language. lets consider others)

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(s1 plural to adopts singular verb so wrong)

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(s1 plural to adopts singular verb so wrong)

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
( comparison of american dialects of english language to entire european dialects .Grammatically no issues. at the same time it provides us the meaning correctly. lets consider )

so btw Choice B and choicce E, despite having one issue in using that as relative pronoun for the people which is not followed in GMAT. But this error runs throughout all options so can be ignored. . But the wrong one of comparison overrules the complete dialects comparison ie wrong comparison is really wrong. wherreas in e it gives the meaning . so Choice E is correct.

of all the choices E is better candidate. so ans E
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Originally posted by ccheryn on 18 Jul 2019, 11:23.
Last edited by ccheryn on 20 Jul 2019, 20:11, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 11:32
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

X(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
>>1st half (whereas...) is dependent clause. It needs independent clause. Those of is incorrect. Makes 2 dependent clauses.

X(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
>>1st half (whereas...) is dependent clause. It needs independent clause. That of is incorrect. Makes 2 dependent clauses.

X(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
>>1st half (whereas...) is dependent clause. It needs independent clause. That of is incorrect. Makes 2 dependent clauses.

X(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
>>We get independent clause which is correct. However, American Dialects... ADOPTS do not agree. It has to be ADOPT.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
>>THIS IS CORRECT Adopt agrees with dialects. and we have an independent clause for 1st dependent clause.

ANSWER: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:04
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IMO E

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> American dialects should be compared with European dialects, not those of European dialects
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Same problem as A
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Same problem as A. Also, English language should be used instead of language of english
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> American dialects is plural, therefore, we should use the plural form of adopts, ie., adopt.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> The comparison is correct and the words adopt and tend are in the plural form.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:08
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

"American dialects of the English language" is plural. So, correct form is as per the following:
"American dialects of the English language often adopt words". "adopts" in C & D is the incorrect.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends.........Incorrect due to SVA error.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend.............Incorrect due to SVA error.

Between A, B & E :

"Whereas" compares 2 same things. Here "whereas" compares American dialects and European Dialects. Both parts should have a parallel structure. So, "those of" and "that of" from A and B respectively are incorrect structure.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend...........Incorrect due to parallelism error.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends............Incorrect due to parallelism error.

"E" doesn't have any error.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend............... Correct Option.


ANSWER : E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:10
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> Incorrect. Pronoun error. It is unclear to which noun the pronoun those is referring. It referring to either dialects or language, both do not make any meaningful sense.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Incorrect. Pronoun error. It is unclear to which noun the pronoun that is referring. It referring to either dialects or language, both do not make any meaningful sense.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Incorrect. Subject-Verb error. Pronoun error. 'Dialects' is plural so 'adopts' cannot be singular. It is unclear to which noun the pronoun 'that' is referring. It referring to either dialects or language, both do not make any meaningful sense.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> Incorrect. Subject-Verb error. 'Dialects' is plural so 'adopts' cannot be singular.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> Correct. There is no Subject-Verb or Pronoun error here.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:19
E is the right answer as it maintains both the SV agreement and comparison.

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:21
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

American dialects should be compared to European dialects and not those of European dialects.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> Error as identified above. Incorrect.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> that of European dialects is compared with American dialects. Incorrect.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> of the language of English is awkward. Also same error as option B. Incorrect.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> comparison is done right. European dialects is compared to American dialects. Introduced new error. plural American dialects has singular verb adopts. Incorrect.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> comparison is done right. Correct.

Answer Choice: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2019, 12:21

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