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Whereas American dialects of the English language

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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:00
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend

 

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:14
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Fairly easy question:
Things to note - The comparison is between American dialects and European dialects.
American Dialects is Plural hence the verb will be adopt.


Now let's do the POE.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
This is incorrect as the wrong comparison is being made.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
This is incorrect as the wrong comparison is being made.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
This is incorrect as the wrong comparison is being made.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
The comparison is correct however, there is a subject-verb disagreement because the sentence has ADOPTS.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
This is the correct choice, as it avoids all the above-mentioned errors.


Hence the correct answer is E.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:12
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
No referent of those of
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
that of can not refer to English language. Comparison won't make sense
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
SV Error - subject is dialects
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
SV Error - subject is dialects
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:15
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IMO correct answer is E

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - "Those" as a pronoun dont have a proper antecedent except only plural noun languages or word, the meaning is not intended also the comparison is between American dialects & European dialects, hence not correct.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - SVA error, "European dialects tends" - Wrong usage of singular verb with plural subject dialects
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - SVA error, American dialects (present in the non-underlined part) - Wrong usage of singular verb "adopts" with plural subject dialects; also "language of English " is not a proper usage.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - SVA error, American dialects (present in the non-underlined part) - Wrong usage of singular verb "adopts" with plural subject dialects;
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - CORRECT comparison.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:17
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
If the intention is to compare "American dialects" with "European dialects," there is no need for "those of."

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
If the intention is to compare "American dialects" with "European dialects," there is no need for "that of." Also, this answer choice introduces a subject/noun agreement error by using "tends".

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
If the intention is to compare "American dialects" with "European dialects," the construction should be parallel, which this answer choice is not. Also, this answer choice introduces two subject/noun agreement error by using "adopts" and "tends" instead of "adopt" and "tend," respectively.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
Multiple dialects would "adopt," not "adopts," so this answer choice introduces a subject/verb agreement issue./b]

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
[b]Appears to be the best choice. No subject/verb agreement issues, and the comparison between the dialects is parallel.


E looks like the correct answer choice.
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jul 2019, 08:57
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

here comparison is b/w American and European dialect - So A,B & C are out
Next American dialects is plural, so verb should be plural which is adopt. - D is out

Hence E

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend

Originally posted by kitipriyanka on 18 Jul 2019, 08:20.
Last edited by kitipriyanka on 19 Jul 2019, 08:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jul 2019, 21:48
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Quote:
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend


This question tests on Comparison and SV agreement error
In A,B,C those/that cant be referred to any noun creating pronoun ambiguity and also American dialects should be compared with European dialects directly rather than those/that of European dialect. So Option A, B and C are out.
In option D there is a SV error as American dialects should have a plural verb so 'adopts' is wrong. Hence option E is the answer

POE:
(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend[/quote]

Option E

Originally posted by techloverforever on 18 Jul 2019, 08:25.
Last edited by techloverforever on 18 Jul 2019, 21:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:25
Error analysis :dialects of English language are compared with those of European dialects -illogical comparison, comparison should be always between two logical entities
2.

A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend-As pointed in error analysis
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends- use of tends is incorrect, as subject dialects is plural, also incorrect comparison
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends- use of tends is incorrect, illogical comparison
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend -use of adopts is incorrect here
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-correct OA
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:31
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Quote:
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend


First, "dialects" is plural, so we need "adopt", out (C) and (D).
Second, "those of" and "that of" have unclear antecedents and shouldn't be there,
since we are comparing what American dialects do vs what EU dialects do; out (A) and (B).
Also, the antecedents of both pronouns are unclear

Answer (E).
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jul 2019, 08:54
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> meaning issue: if "those" refers to "dialects", then "dialects of European dialects tend" doesn't make sense
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> same as A: what does "that" refers to?
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> "dialects" is plural
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> same as C
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> correct: correct comparison between "American dialects & European dialects"

Originally posted by hiranmay on 18 Jul 2019, 08:31.
Last edited by hiranmay on 18 Jul 2019, 08:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:38
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IMO E

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - ”those” has no clear referent, here we are comparing American dialects with European dialects

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - ”that” has no clear referent, here we are comparing American dialects with European dialects

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - ”language of English” is awkward, English language is straightforward and preferable. ”that” has no clear referent, here we are comparing American dialects with European dialects. singular ”adopts” can not address plural “dialects”

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - singular ”adopts” can not address plural “dialects”

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - Correct
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:38
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(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
usage of pronoun 'those' is ambigious.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
'that' is incorrectly modifying languages. use of 'whereas' suggests that a contrast is being made between two dialects.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Same problem as option B also language of English is awkward and wordy and use of a singular verb 'adopts'for dialects is incorrect.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
use of a singular verb 'adopts'for dialects is incorrect.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
Correct subject-verb agreement and also fixes the modifier problem by making the sentence parallel American dialects..European dialects.

Option E.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:40
Answer is E.

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends incorrect

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends. incorrect

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend. incorrect

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend. correct
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jul 2019, 23:40
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Let us look inti every answer and find the correct one my POE:

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Compares “American dialects” to “those of”, which refers to English language. Also, wrong pronoun usage. Eliminate.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Compares “American dialects” to “that of”, which refers to English language. Eliminate.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Compares “American dialects” to “that”, which refers to “language”. Eliminate.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
SV error- American dialects “adopt” not “adopts”. Eliminate.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
Corrects all errors and the only option left.

Answer E

Originally posted by Sayon on 18 Jul 2019, 08:40.
Last edited by Sayon on 18 Jul 2019, 23:40, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:41
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Eliminate A -" those of" is incorrect comparison of American dialects with those of European dialects

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Eliminate B- " that of " not needed as there is comparison between American dialects and European Dialects .

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Eliminate C- Language of English is grammatically incorrect

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
Eliminate D - American dialects is plural and adopts is Singular

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
CORRECT ANS

ANS Choice E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:43
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Splits:

1. dialects...adopts vs dialects....adopt
Since dialects is plural, dialects....adopt is the right SV agreement

2. that/those of European dialects vs European dialects
those/that of European dialects is wrong because dialects is explicitly mentioned and so the pronouns those/that lack an antecedent

Breakdown:

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Pronoun error - Eliminate

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Pronoun error - Eliminate

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
dialects...adopts - SV error - Eliminate

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
SV error - Eliminate

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
SV + Pronun errors are corrected - Keep

Answer is (E)
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:45
C,D - "American dialects" => plural , "adopts" --> singular verb Subject - verb agreement error.

A,B - need proper subject as first part of the sentence is dependent clause,

Hence, E is the answer.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:50
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IMO answer is E

The opening modifier should modify dialects. so, the next sentence starting with those, that and that can be elimnated.
This is because if we replace those with dialects, sentence reads...dialects of European dialects which does not make sense. so A,B and C can be eliminated.
Out of D and E
D has s-V error dialects...adopts, so eliminated.
E is the winner

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 08:54
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IMO : E

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
the comparison is between the american dialets and the european dialets and the usage of 'those of' is wrong
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
the comparison is between the american dialets and the european dialets and the usage of 'that of' is wrong
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
American dialets of english are plural and so the verb will be plural as well .'adopts' is singular
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
American dialets of english are plural and so the verb will be plural as well .'adopts' is singular
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
Correct subject verb agreement and comparison.
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jul 2019, 20:48
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Error Analysis


Comparing American dialects vs "those" of European dialects is incorrect, we must compared American dialects vs European dialects.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend Incorrect as indicated in error analysis
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends Incorrect as indicated in error analysis / variation of that instead of those
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends Incorrect as indicated in error analysis / variation of that instead of those // Also adopts incorrect for plural noun "American dialects"
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend adopts incorrect for plural noun "American dialects"
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend Correct!

So (E) is our answer.

Originally posted by Mizar18 on 18 Jul 2019, 08:58.
Last edited by Mizar18 on 18 Jul 2019, 20:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Whereas American dialects of the English language   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2019, 08:58

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