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While political discourse and the media in the United States

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While political discourse and the media in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2010, 06:18
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A
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Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:39) correct 40% (01:32) wrong based on 87 sessions

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While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?

How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?

Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?

What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?

What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2010, 06:18
Please explain why the answer is not E?

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2010, 07:19
Truly speaking this is easy if you actively spot the premise -

P1 : de-internationalization of graduate programs will negatively affect the American students since they will NOT have the opportunity to learn about the foreign cultures.

And also the question - most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing?
Only D is relevant to the argument.

Lets look at E.
What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students? >>> Does it have impact on the decreased insourcing ? D has a DIRECT impact. E is just a possibility and will not help us pass a judgment on the impact of decreased insourcing.

D : What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students? >>> American students can develop a global outlook when insourcing rises. The trend reverses when insourcing declines. So it impacts both ways. Answer.

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 00:32
went with E ......half heatedly but i am not very convinced with D too ..........They may know the culture but is that it ?

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 14:17
The author is looking for the impact of decreased insourcing in America.

Only D meets that.

A) What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America? --> Cost is irrelevent

B) How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing? --> Job Loss is not related to the impact of decreased insourcing

C) Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America? --> decrease in the number of foreign students has nothing to do with the impact of decreased insourcing

D) What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students? --> Now if American graduates do not have lot of opportunities to interact with foreigners who are not students then that is a big impact of decreased insourcing. CORRECT

E) What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students? --> effect of change in government policy is irrelevant

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 20:21
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one trick for those "evaluate the claim"-type questions is to use the "Variance Test"

Try answering the answer choices with the "two extreme scenarios."

For D:

Answer either none or a lot.

If none (i.e., american students DON'T have the opportunity to interact with foreign students), then the problem of 'decreased insource' will persist.

If a lot (i.e. amer students have lots of opportunity to interact...), then the problem of 'decreased insource' might be addressed.

Use this test for E and you'll find that the answer to either extreme scenario will not impact the author's main point (which is a negative effect of decreased insourcing).
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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 20:23
I pick D :D

If they can learn the cultures thru the foreigners already, then it is good enough.

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2010, 07:02
first question of the day ..
picked ...
agree with D ..

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2010, 09:05
Suddenly my failure rate in CR is increasing like crazy!..>Damn!

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2010, 09:16
What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?...

although i picked D ....but im confused with the following words....i hope u guys can help me get them...
'FOREIGN STUDENTS WHO ARE NOT STUDENTS".....

i guess question says american students will be benefited from co students.....as is follows from following lines....

The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2010, 11:10
D was a pretty straightforward choice.
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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 05:45
D for me as well.
Interacting with another foreigners ( who are not students ) can be another avenue to fill the gap due to decreased foreign in-sourcing.

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 08:27
D. quite clearly.

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2010, 07:22
D

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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2010, 09:02
D. If students can learn about different cultures from foreigners other than students then the decline in in-sourcing will not hurt the students learning.
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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2010, 10:31
+1 D
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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2011, 18:25
The answer is D.
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Re: 700 HARD CR [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2011, 19:15
Answer is D..

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Re: 700 HARD CR   [#permalink] 27 Mar 2011, 19:15
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While political discourse and the media in the United States

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