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Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s

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Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Oct 2017, 06:27
4
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A
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Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic sheep, though essentially easy prey for wolves, are not usually attacked by them. In Hylantia prior to 1910, farmers nevertheless lost considerable numbers of sheep to wolves each year. Attributing this to the large number for wolves, in 1910 the government began offering rewards to hunters for killing wolves. From 1910 to 1915, large numbers of wolves were killed. Yet wolf attacks on sheep increased significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the increase in wolf attacks on sheep?

(A) Populations of deer and other wild animals that wolves typically prey on increased significantly in numbers from 1910 to 1915.

(B) Prior to 1910, there were no legal restrictions in Hylantia on the hunting of wolves.

(C) After 1910 hunters shot and wounded a substantial number of wolves, thereby greatly diminishing these wolves' ability to prey on wild animals.

(D) Domestic sheep are significantly less able than most wild animals to defend themselves against wolf attacks.

(E) The systematic hunting of wolves encouraged by the program drove many wolves in Hylantia to migrate to remote mountain areas uninhabited by humans.

Originally posted by 2times on 22 Aug 2006, 11:14.
Last edited by hazelnut on 20 Oct 2017, 06:27, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2006, 12:39
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2times wrote:
Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic sheep, though essentially easy prey for wolves, are not usually attacked by them. In Hylantia prior to 1910, farmers nevertheless lost considerable numbers of sheep to wolves each year. Attributing this to the large number for wolves, in 1910 the government began offering rewards to hunters for killing wolves. From 1910 to 1915, large numbers of wolves were killed. Yet wolf attacks on sheep increased significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the increase in wolf attacks on sheep?

A. Populations of deer and other wild animals that wolves typically prey on increased significantly in numbers from 1910 to 1915.

B. Prior to 1910, there were no legal restrictions in Hylantia on the hunting of wolves.

C. After 1910 hunters shot and wounded a substantial number of wolves, thereby greatly diminishing these wolves’ ability to prey on wild animals.

D. Domestic sheep are significantly less able than most wild animals to defend themselves against wolf attacks.

E. The systematic hunting of wolves encouraged by the program drove many wolves in Hylantia to migrate to remote mountain areas uninhabited by humans.


Good question!!!!!!!!!!!!

its between C and D. the attacks on sheep was increased not because of sheeps' inabilities but because of wolves' inabilities to hunt wild animals. wolves couldnot attack wild animals. therefore they are forced to attack on demostic sheeps.

therefore its C not D.
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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2006, 11:41
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Argument:
domestic sheep -> easy prey
but wolves do not generally attack

More wolves -> less prey so they attackk sheep

another reason could be less wolves cannot attack normal prey - so they attack sheep - easy prey
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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2011, 22:17
Conclusion: People thought wolves attacked Sheep. So wolves were shot down. However, Sheep attacks increased instead of being decreased.

A. Populations of deer and other wild animals that wolves typically prey on increased significantly in numbers from 1910 to 1915. - does not explain the finding that sheep attacks increased.

B. Prior to 1910, there were no legal restrictions in Hylantia on the hunting of wolves. - Irrelevant

C. After 1910 hunters shot and wounded a substantial number of wolves, thereby greatly diminishing these wolves’ ability to prey on wild animals. - These wild animals may have increased in number or activity after wolves were shot down, so these wild animals in turn may have attacked Sheep. Explains the finding that Sheep attacks increased

D. Domestic sheep are significantly less able than most wild animals to defend themselves against wolf attacks. - doesn't explain why the attacks increased

E. The systematic hunting of wolves encouraged by the program drove many wolves in Hylantia to migrate to remote mountain areas uninhabited by humans. - So Sheep attacks should decrease! But why did they increase?
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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2014, 04:13
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Good to see this question again.
Posting an answer posted by someone else

Quote:
This is an explain and resolve (paradox) question.
The seemingly contradictory set of facts here are
1. From 1910 to 1915, large numbers of wolves were killed.
2. Yet wolf attacks on sheep increased significantly.

We need an answer choice that explains this apparent contradiction without changing either of the fact statements.
A good explanation will link the fact that killing practice increased and how this somehow resulted in more sheep attacks.

Let's look at option D: "Domestic sheep are significantly less able than most wild animals to defend themselves
against wolf attacks"
This only explains why sheep get hunted down by wolves. It does not explain why there was an increase in attack on sheep after the Wolf hunting practice started. D is therefore wrong.

Let's look at C: "After 1910 hunters shot and wounded a substantial number of wolves, thereby greatly
diminishing these wolves’ ability to prey on wild animals."

Okay- so this statement seems irrelevant at face value. But it isn't!
Lets assume then that the statement is true. If it is found that this hunting practice resulted in more wolves being injured and as a result they become less able to hunt wild animals-> this implies that they will start hunting domesticated animals more frequently than they did before (because they are easy prey). This statement does explain how this increase in attack on sheep could have happened. This is therefore the correct answer!
Hint: remember - wolves generally keep away from human settlements. An injured wolf will HAVE to encroach human settlements to hunt on easy prey (sheep). This could result in there being more sheep attacks than previously.

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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2017, 17:45
Premise:
Avoid Human prey, did not rely completely on sheep
Increase in number of wolves, increase in sheep prey
Decrease in number of wolves but increase in sheep prey

Keyword: Resolve the Paradox

A. Populations of deer and other wild animals that wolves typically prey on increased significantly in numbers from 1910 to 1915.
If the above is true then the population of sheep should have decreased Incorrect
B. Prior to 1910, there were no legal restrictions in Hylantia on the hunting of wolves.
Legal restrictions are not discussed in the argument Irrelevant
C. After 1910 hunters shot and wounded a substantial number of wolves, thereby greatly diminishing these wolves’ ability to prey on wild animals.
This gives a reason for the decrease as wolves are not able to find another prey Correct
D. Domestic sheep are significantly less able than most wild animals to defend themselves against wolf attacks.
Sheep can't defend despite its numbers Irrelevant
E. The systematic hunting of wolves encouraged by the program drove many wolves in Hylantia to migrate to remote mountain areas uninhabited by humans.
This not explain the paradox Irrelevant
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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 03:04
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Re: Wolves generally avoid human settlements. For this reason, domestic s &nbs [#permalink] 14 Sep 2018, 03:04
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