GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Nov 2019, 04:21

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 617
Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 03 Aug 2019, 23:41
14
47
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1260 sessions

52% (03:18) correct 48% (03:22) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1258 sessions

62% (00:44) correct 38% (01:07) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1275 sessions

39% (01:07) correct 61% (01:11) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1234 sessions

47% (00:57) correct 53% (01:09) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1155 sessions

49% (01:15) correct 51% (01:23) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1094 sessions

54% (00:52) correct 46% (00:57) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1082 sessions

42% (01:08) correct 58% (01:02) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1004 sessions

49% (00:55) correct 51% (00:48) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 9
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1052 sessions

54% (00:52) correct 46% (00:53) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Quote:
Part of New RC Series- Please check this link for more questions


Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our “openness” is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the “Old World” categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a “status quo” defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only “station” was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change. The nonstarters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.”

“Reform” in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work force of the people who actually make the system work. There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize the inflexibility of American economic mythology
(B) contrast “Old World” and “New World” economic ideologies
(C) challenge the integrity of traditional political leaders
(D) champion those Americans whom the author deems to be neglected
(E) suggest a substitute for the traditional metaphor of a race



2. According to the passage, “Old World” values were based on
(A) ability
(B) property
(C) family connections
(D) guild hierarchies
(E) education



3. In the context of the author’s discussion of regulating change, which of the following could be most probably regarded as a “strong referee” (line 30) in the United States?
(A) A school principal
(B) A political theorist
(C) A federal court judge
(D) A social worker
(E) A government inspector



4. The author sets off the word “Reform” (line 35) with quotation marks in order to
(A) emphasize its departure from the concept of settled possessiveness
(B) show his support for a systematic program of change
(C) underscore the flexibility and even amorphousness of United States society
(D) indicate that the term was one of Wilson’s favorites
(E) assert that reform in the United States has not been fundamental



5. It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised “a piece of the action” (line 38) is
(A) a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative measure
(B) an example of Americans’ resistance to profound social change
(C) an innovative program for genuine social reform
(D) a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
(E) a surprisingly “Old World” remedy for social ills



6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?
(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(C) A treadmill
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows



7. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who “make the system work” (lines 45-46)
(B) perpetuated traditional legends about America
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics



8. The passage contains information that would answer which of the following questions?
I. What techniques have industrialists used to manipulate a free market?
II. In what ways are “New World” and “Old World” economic policies similar?
III. Has economic policy in the United States tended to reward independent action?
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) II and III only



9. Which of the following best expresses the author’s main point?
(A) Americans’ pride in their jobs continues to give them stamina today.
(B) The absence of a status quo ante has undermined United States economic structure.
(C) The free enterprise system has been only a useless concept in the United States.
(D) The myth of the American free enterprise system is seriously flawed.
(E) Fascination with the ideal of “openness” has made Americans a progressive people.



_________________
http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-polygons-87336.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/competition-for-the-best-gmat-error-log-template-86232.html

Originally posted by nitya34 on 06 Apr 2009, 21:52.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 03 Aug 2019, 23:41, edited 1 time in total.
Updated complete topic (63).
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 262
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2017, 22:35
5
VKat

Quote:
For question 4, could you please explain the meaning of first few lines of second para as in first line of it, it has been written as " reform has left america sterile" but after few lines, it has been mentioned as " america seems not to honor the stability".so got confused between positive and negative trend, what to choose and how to choose?


The author is trying to say that reform in America has been sterile (ie unproductive) because there was never any attempt to change the fundamental system that had taken hold in America, a system that the author compares to a race. There may have been attempts to modify or improve the rules of the race, but there was never an "attempt to call off the race" entirely. In other words, changing the rules of the race (ie modifying the existing system) would not result in significant change or reform; in order to achieve real, substantial change, there would have to be an attempt to call off the race (ie embrace an entirely different system). The latter would constitute "fundamental" reform, whereas the former constitutes only superficial reform; thus, "reform" is placed in quotes to assert that the changes to the rules of the race have resulted in superficial reform but not fundamental reform.
_________________
General Discussion
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 617
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2009, 22:27
1
I am happy to be back :)
will now emphasize more on the Quality rather than Quantity side of RCs
Few(may be 2/day) Good Quality RCs and Good discussions are what we need

My take is DBDA BCACD(I did badly -I know it)

Btw,whats difference between "primary purpose" and "main point"?
_________________
http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-polygons-87336.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/competition-for-the-best-gmat-error-log-template-86232.html
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 13 Jan 2009
Posts: 256
Location: India
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2009, 17:53
1
I will post my answers later tonight and I am glad you are back.

I was finding it really hard to manage your duties here. Finally, I will get much needed break.


Difference between Primary purpose and Main point is same as difference between Primary purpose and Main idea i.e.

Primary purpose of message says why author has written the passage.
The answers will start with "To..." most of the times. And try identifying what kind of passage it is: explanatory, comparative or argumentative to know whether the author's primary purpose is to "outline", "evaluate", "compare", etc. while main point is superset of 2-3 option.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 617
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2009, 09:43
1
1
No sarcasm at all,Icandy
you are the Guru in RC.
I am just learning the tricks

Are you asking abt this one?which I got right too

6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?

(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(C) A treadmill
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows


I opted for treadmill because "its in continuously running" mode resembling "American economic system "
check the last line--#60
"There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end)."
sent PM to you,pls check,icandy
_________________
http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-polygons-87336.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/competition-for-the-best-gmat-error-log-template-86232.html
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 952
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2009, 10:54
1
nitya34 wrote:
No sarcasm at all,Icandy
you are the Guru in RC.
I am just learning the tricks

Are you asking abt this one?which I got right too

6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?

(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(C) A treadmill
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows


I opted for treadmill because "its in continuously running" mode resembling "American economic system "
check the last line--#60
"There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end)."
sent PM to you,pls check,icandy


I agree with what you are saying but I dont understand how it is treadmill unless "running" is the analogy here. I drew similarity on the continuously running piece. Can a treadmill be stopped? ofcourse yes, then how is it running all the time. The only thing that came close to me was the waterfall.
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 13 Jan 2009
Posts: 256
Location: India
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2009, 22:14
After a while I felt that I have no clue what passage was saying and really struggled to get grasp of it.
Got 4, 7 and 9 wrong.

I feel treadmill is the correct choice as it is referring to something continuous, of course windmill is there but when author says none winning in the end treadmill takes an edge. As far as waterfall is concerned it is top to bottom and in my opinion does not reflect what author is trying to say.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jun 2009
Posts: 112
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2009, 09:04
I got
ABAECCACD
Off on 3, 5 and 7
3 -> Why not the principal?
A strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.” - cant a principal be that? May be judge is the better answer.

5 -> no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. -> doesnt this mean that Americans value this? OA say "an example of Americans’ resistance to profound social change", am not able to deduce why??

7- >
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 23
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2009, 08:34
Hi... I am late too... but better late than never....
my answers:
BBCABCACE
i seek someone's intervention to help me correct my logic on arriving at the right answer:

1. B--X--- A is correct: As a thumb rule, the answer choices that swing towards one extreme should be avoided... the 1st answer choice uses 3 terms that suggest extremity-- critisize, inflexibility, economic mythology... B looks like the second best..
4. A---X---E : I could not catch the essence of the question... pls help.
6. D--X---C : Previous posts have justified treadmill... but i think... challenging every traditional value system deprives the society of its axis.. and therefore a gyroscope which has a changing axis would be a good choice...
7. A---X--B : God knows what ws i thinking that i marked A. Though B dsnt look too promising either.
9. E---X--D : The same logic as the first question. One thing tht makes E a lesser likely choice is that.. no where in passage does the author mentions that he has any such opinion that Americans are progressive. For Indian applicants like me.. Americans being progressive is too much a discussed topic that we are adding personal baised to this ans choice :lol:
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3418
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jan 2011, 16:42
1
1
sacmanitin wrote:
Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our “openness” is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the “Old World” categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a “status quo” defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only “station” was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change. The nonstarters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.”
“Reform” in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work force of the people who actually make the system work. There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize the inflexibility of American economic mythology
(B) contrast “Old World” and “New World” economic ideologies
(C) challenge the integrity of traditional political leaders
(D) champion those Americans whom the author deems to be neglected
(E) suggest a substitute for the traditional metaphor of a race
2. According to the passage, “Old World” values were based on
(A) ability
(B) property
(C) family connections
(D) guild hierarchies
(E) education
3. In the context of the author’s discussion of regulating change, which of the following could be most probably regarded as a “strong referee” (line 30) in the United States?
(A) A school principal
(B) A political theorist
(C) A federal court judge
(D) A social worker
(E) A government inspector
4. The author sets off the word “Reform” (line 35) with quotation marks in order to
(A) emphasize its departure from the concept of settled possessiveness
(B) show his support for a systematic program of change
(C) underscore the flexibility and even amorphousness of United States society
(D) indicate that the term was one of Wilson’s favorites
(E) assert that reform in the United States has not been fundamental
5. It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised “a piece of the action” (line 38) is
(A) a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative measure
(B) an example of Americans’ resistance to profound social change
(C) an innovative program for genuine social reform
(D) a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
(E) a surprisingly “Old World” remedy for social ills
6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?
(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(C) A treadmill
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows
7. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who “make the system work” (lines 45-46)
(B) perpetuated traditional legends about America
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics
8. The passage contains information that would answer which of the following questions?
I. What techniques have industrialists used to manipulate a free market?
II. In what ways are “New World” and “Old World” economic policies similar?
III. Has economic policy in the United States tended to reward independent action?
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) II and III only
9. Which of the following best expresses the author’s main point?
(A) Americans’ pride in their jobs continues to give them stamina today.
(B) The absence of a status quo ante has undermined United States economic structure.
(C) The free enterprise system has been only a useless concept in the United States.
(D) The myth of the American free enterprise system is seriously flawed.
(E) Fascination with the ideal of “openness” has made Americans a progressive people.


please help me with the explanations for Question 2 ,3 ,6,7 ,8.


2 - “Old World” categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a “status quo” defended or attacked - hence property

3 - a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.” - hence a judge

6 - see the answer of nytia34

7 - if the main point of the passage is "criticize the inflexibility of American economic mythology" hence we still believe in "traditional legends about America" the myth resist to date

8 - only the third we find it in the passage

hope this help you ;)
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2011
Posts: 22
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Nov 2011, 11:01
3
Jesus..Christ! What the hell was that passage? Reads like it just landed on earth from some alien mothership..

1 - right
2 - right
3 - wrong (picked B..the whole question sounded to me like "if a+b=2, then what's the color of a two-legged elephant" :P )
4 - right
5 - wrong (picked A)
6 - right (treadmill is the only word I've ever read in an economic context, so..(un)educated guess)
7 - right (although I didn't even know what "perpetuated" means...the other choices sounded even more stupid, tho.)
8 - right
9 - wrong (picked B)

I'm VERY surprised I had so many correct answers but I guarantee that was pure luck. I barely understood anything in there, I was guessing every single question...

I particularly dont understand the following:
"The nonstarters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.”"

in how far is the "strong referee" related to the nonstarters? does he need to give them "some position in the race"? why would he have to regulate "manic speculation", doesnt sound like something "nonstarters" would do?!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Status: single
Joined: 29 May 2012
Posts: 2
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
WE: Social Work (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jul 2012, 08:28
2
Hi ppl i am new to gmatclub,

Could someone please explain the answer for 7th Q.

i completed the passage in 15.xx mins. Tough one but nice to solve such a passage. My answers:

1. A. bcoz the author criticizes the american economic system throughout the 2nd para. phrases like "our empty boasts from the past" point to the myths of american economic ideology.

2. B. easy one.

3. B. The answer is C. Got this wrong but understood why i was wrong. words like "regulative hand" "an authority who can halt things" all point to a judge :)

4. E. the author uses the word sterile to assert that all social changes have been very superficial and no fundamental change has taken place.

5. B. The act of giving a piece of the action symbolizes that the system is not ready for a fundamental change and rather it wants to keep things as it is by giving the have nots a small piece of the pie and keeping them satisfied. using POE too only B looks good. :)

6. C. easy one.

7 .A. the answer is B. Got this one wrong could someone explain this to me. :(

8. C. 1. no techniques are discussed anywhere in the passage. 2. old world is only mentioned in the 1st few lines of the 1st para after that nothing about its similarities or differences are discussed. 3. A firm YES

9.D. easy one.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Jan 2013
Posts: 21
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V33
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2014, 04:49
1-> A: I used POE here. None of the other options sounded right. All the other options were either partially or completely out of scope.
2-> B: None of the answers looked right to me. I chose property because it was the only one which looked as possible answer. "settled possessiveness" -> seems like something that talks about settling -> hence property.
3-> C: Since only a judge can act as a strong referee for the country.
4-> E: POE
5-> B:POE
6-> C: Its the only option that talks about movement and something that can be halted. Similar to the US economic system which is always on the move but can be brought to a halt if required, a treadmill keeps moving and is also something that can stop.
7-> B: POE. All others are OOS.
8 ->C: 1st 2 statements arent spoken about at all.
9-> D: A-> OOS. B-> Undermining of the US economic structure isnt spoken about in the passage. Not sure about C. E is absolutely not right according to the passage.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 15 Jun 2016
Posts: 75
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Apr 2017, 12:04
In question 2, could you please explain how "property" can be the answer, from which sentences, we can conclude this.

For question 4, could you please explain the meaning of first few lines of second para as in first line of it, it has been written as " reform has left america sterile" but after few lines, it has been mentioned as " america seems not to honor the stability".so got confused between positive and negative trend, what to choose and how to choose?
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 578
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, International Business
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Reviews Badge
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Apr 2017, 12:38
1
VKat wrote:
In question 2, could you please explain how "property" can be the answer, from which sentences, we can conclude this.

For question 4, could you please explain the meaning of first few lines of second para as in first line of it, it has been written as " reform has left america sterile" but after few lines, it has been mentioned as " america seems not to honor the stability".so got confused between positive and negative trend, what to choose and how to choose?


Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the “Old World” categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a “status quo” defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only “station” was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity

The above answers your query about 2nd question - as far as 4th question is concerned even am in doubt. I got it wrong.
Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3568
Reviews Badge
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2017, 05:29
1
Can someone please tell me how can we tag this RC as sub 600 level?

I didn't even get a single word of this passage. I realized a similar passage came on my last official GMAT.

Are these really sub 600? :o

I started my RC prep today and this 1st passage has demotivated me completely. :(

Please someone help me completely decode this passage.
_________________
My LinkedIn abhimahna.
My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog
GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1194
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Nov 2017, 07:21
Hello abhimahna,

I think you will start ignoring my posts from today :P , since I have been asking for so much help lately with my advanced studies.

Coming back to the passage at hand. I don't really understand how this passage "criticises the inflexibility of American economic mythology".

--In the first para, the author introduces "maximum freedom" and "openness".
--The very next line states that : "Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the “Old World”". --> This means that americans are indeed interested in change. ---Another line that supports this thinking is "We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility".
--Another supportive evidence: "But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land".

--In the second para, author calls "reform" futile, but still states that "There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability"
--The people are ashamed of their past but still he states that "in the Wonderland race we must all run".

In short what I understood from the passage is that the author is mainly talking about the old vs new thoughts. I don't really understand how the main point of passage is the criticism of American mythology. That's is just discussed in the second passage for a few lines. But, passage as a whole is talking about the old vs new school of thoughts.

Could you please point out the holes in my understanding because I am clearly missing the point here.

Regards
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2922
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Dec 2017, 20:20
2
1
piyush1995 wrote:
I found the language of the passage really complex and highly convoluted. The more questions I answered, I feel the less I actually understood the passage. I request someone to summarize the passage with special emphasis on question 7 and 9.

As described in the Ultimate RC Guide for Beginners, it helps to get engaged and think about the PURPOSE of each paragraph. You might not understand all of the details in the first paragraph, but force yourself to think about WHY it is there. What is the author trying to accomplish?

I might not get everything the author says, but I see that he/she is comparing two drastically different things. The "Old World" economics are described by words/phrases such as settled possessiveness, cupidity of retention, a 'status quo' defended, property, haves and have-nots, non-starters, stability, and authority. Meanwhile, the "liberal idea of the economic market" in America is described with words/phrases such as unsettling deprivation, cupidity of seizure, 'status quo' attacked, a wheel spinning faster and faster, opportunity (not property), and mobility (not stability), with speculators/self-starters/runners being economic leaders and agents of change.

These comparisons are not all clear to me, but instead of trying to muscle my way through the facts (the what), let me think about the purpose (the why) of the first paragraph. The author is clearly trying to compare the "settled" and "stable" state of "Old World" economics to the instability and hectic nature of the free enterprise system in America. In other words, the first paragraph compares the highly-regulated and manipulated race of the Old World to the hectic and scrambled race of the free enterprise system.

The purpose of the second paragraph is to explain how things like reform, serving others, and helping those in need have been hindered because America can't let go of the "race". American legends glorify the race and those that run it but not those who quietly keep the system working and create social interdependence and stability. I might not understand all of the details of the second paragraph, but I see that the author is explaining problems with America's economic "racing".

Next, ask yourself, "What was the purpose of the entire passage?" Again, the point is to get engaged and think about what you are reading. Trying to think about WHY everything is there is more important than understanding all of the details.

See if that helps you tackle questions 7 and 9!

To post additional questions not already addressed in this thread, feel free to use the request verbal experts' reply button. Try to be as specific as possible and to let us know your thoughts so far. Thanks, and welcome to GMAT Club!!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 15 Jan 2017
Posts: 334
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2017, 13:12
A really amazing read, didn't even feel like a RC till I did the questions :P.
got 5/9 (TERRIBLE) I agree, but I got why my answers were wrong except for this one:

According to the passage, “Old World” values were based on
(A) ability
(B) property--> The only word which cues to this is 'settled possessiveness' and I don't understand how it is property - it can also mean hierarchy 'cause you 'possess' it. Would love an expert opinion on this
(C) family connections
(D) guild hierarchies
(E) education
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 28 Jun 2015
Posts: 78
Location: Australia
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2017, 19:45
GMATNinja wrote:

See if that helps you tackle questions 7 and 9!

To post additional questions not already addressed in this thread, feel free to use the request verbal experts' reply button. Try to be as specific as possible and to let us know your thoughts so far. Thanks, and welcome to GMAT Club!!


Hi GMATNinja,

7. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who “make the system work” (lines 45-46)
(B) perpetuated traditional legends about America
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics

Initially i picked C for Q7, but in the second passage:

"....There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer).... "
hence the Ans
(B) perpetuated traditional legends about America.

Please let me know if my reasoning is correct.

Thanks and regadrs
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2017, 19:45

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 27 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne