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# Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the

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Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2009, 21:52
9
KUDOS
11
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Question 1
00:00

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54% (02:41) correct 46% (01:53) wrong based on 198

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Question 2
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59% (01:17) correct 41% (00:26) wrong based on 191

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Question 3
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40% (01:31) correct 60% (00:42) wrong based on 188

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Question 4
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47% (01:32) correct 53% (00:33) wrong based on 180

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Question 5
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57% (01:39) correct 43% (00:34) wrong based on 168

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Question 6
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51% (01:30) correct 49% (00:25) wrong based on 154

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Question 7
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35% (01:35) correct 65% (00:21) wrong based on 158

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Question 8
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44% (01:29) correct 56% (00:23) wrong based on 149

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49% (01:50) correct 51% (00:56) wrong based on 156

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Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our “openness” is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the “Old World” categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a “status quo” defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only “station” was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change. The nonstarters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.”

“Reform” in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work force of the people who actually make the system work. There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize the inflexibility of American economic mythology
(B) contrast “Old World” and “New World” economic ideologies
(D) champion those Americans whom the author deems to be neglected
(E) suggest a substitute for the traditional metaphor of a race

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2. According to the passage, “Old World” values were based on
(A) ability
(B) property
(C) family connections
(D) guild hierarchies
(E) education

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3. In the context of the author’s discussion of regulating change, which of the following could be most probably regarded as a “strong referee” (line 30) in the United States?
(A) A school principal
(B) A political theorist
(C) A federal court judge
(D) A social worker
(E) A government inspector

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

4. The author sets off the word “Reform” (line 35) with quotation marks in order to
(A) emphasize its departure from the concept of settled possessiveness
(B) show his support for a systematic program of change
(C) underscore the flexibility and even amorphousness of United States society
(D) indicate that the term was one of Wilson’s favorites
(E) assert that reform in the United States has not been fundamental

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

5. It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised “a piece of the action” (line 38) is
(A) a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative measure
(B) an example of Americans’ resistance to profound social change
(C) an innovative program for genuine social reform
(D) a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
(E) a surprisingly “Old World” remedy for social ills

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?
(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

7. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who “make the system work” (lines 45-46)
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

8. The passage contains information that would answer which of the following questions?
I. What techniques have industrialists used to manipulate a free market?
II. In what ways are “New World” and “Old World” economic policies similar?
III. Has economic policy in the United States tended to reward independent action?
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) II and III only

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

9. Which of the following best expresses the author’s main point?
(A) Americans’ pride in their jobs continues to give them stamina today.
(B) The absence of a status quo ante has undermined United States economic structure.
(C) The free enterprise system has been only a useless concept in the United States.
(D) The myth of the American free enterprise system is seriously flawed.
(E) Fascination with the ideal of “openness” has made Americans a progressive people.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #6 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #7 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #8 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #9 OA

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Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898

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06 Apr 2009, 22:27
1
KUDOS
I am happy to be back
will now emphasize more on the Quality rather than Quantity side of RCs
Few(may be 2/day) Good Quality RCs and Good discussions are what we need

My take is DBDA BCACD(I did badly -I know it)

Btw,whats difference between "primary purpose" and "main point"?
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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2009
Posts: 307

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07 Apr 2009, 09:09
this was one of tough ones...
Manager
Joined: 15 Apr 2008
Posts: 164

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07 Apr 2009, 09:27
where are the answers to the questions?
Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
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07 Apr 2009, 10:56
Will Post the OAs
First try
Its among the Best RCs from GMAT series(of 3000 RC)
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Last edited by nitya34 on 08 Apr 2009, 09:16, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
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Posts: 263
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07 Apr 2009, 12:33
A,B,C,A,B,B,B,E,D - 17 mins
Current Student
Joined: 13 Jan 2009
Posts: 366
Location: India

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07 Apr 2009, 17:53
I will post my answers later tonight and I am glad you are back.

I was finding it really hard to manage your duties here. Finally, I will get much needed break.

Difference between Primary purpose and Main point is same as difference between Primary purpose and Main idea i.e.

Primary purpose of message says why author has written the passage.
The answers will start with "To..." most of the times. And try identifying what kind of passage it is: explanatory, comparative or argumentative to know whether the author's primary purpose is to "outline", "evaluate", "compare", etc. while main point is superset of 2-3 option.
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408

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07 Apr 2009, 19:20
I am very surprised by this passage. I just could not make any notes.

Can some one explain the metaphor Q?

A B C E B B A C D
Intern
Joined: 23 Mar 2009
Posts: 18

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08 Apr 2009, 01:02
Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898

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08 Apr 2009, 09:10
Thanks Friends
I was away because I have joined some "Verbal crash course".
My respected teacher told me to do this RC and I never gave a serious thought(afterall, it was another easy GMAT passage)

OAs are ABCE BCBC D
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VP
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08 Apr 2009, 09:29
nitya34 wrote:
Thanks Friends
I was away because I have joined some "Verbal crash course".
My respected teacher told me to do this RC and I never gave a serious thought(afterall, it was another easy GMAT passage)

OAs are ABCE BCBC D

Was that Sarcasm or for real?

Any ways, Does your teacher explain the metaphor Q?
Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898

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08 Apr 2009, 09:43
No sarcasm at all,Icandy
you are the Guru in RC.
I am just learning the tricks

Are you asking abt this one?which I got right too

6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?

(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows

I opted for treadmill because "its in continuously running" mode resembling "American economic system "
check the last line--#60
"There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end)."
sent PM to you,pls check,icandy
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VP
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08 Apr 2009, 10:54
nitya34 wrote:
No sarcasm at all,Icandy
you are the Guru in RC.
I am just learning the tricks

Are you asking abt this one?which I got right too

6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?

(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows

I opted for treadmill because "its in continuously running" mode resembling "American economic system "
check the last line--#60
"There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end)."
sent PM to you,pls check,icandy

I agree with what you are saying but I dont understand how it is treadmill unless "running" is the analogy here. I drew similarity on the continuously running piece. Can a treadmill be stopped? ofcourse yes, then how is it running all the time. The only thing that came close to me was the waterfall.
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Joined: 13 Jan 2009
Posts: 366
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08 Apr 2009, 22:14
After a while I felt that I have no clue what passage was saying and really struggled to get grasp of it.
Got 4, 7 and 9 wrong.

I feel treadmill is the correct choice as it is referring to something continuous, of course windmill is there but when author says none winning in the end treadmill takes an edge. As far as waterfall is concerned it is top to bottom and in my opinion does not reflect what author is trying to say.
Senior Manager
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Posts: 251
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15 Apr 2009, 01:39
ICANDY,

CAN YOU EXPLN. 2. AND 7.

THE PASSAGAE SAYS THAT OLD WORLD VALUES ARE NOT BASED UPON PROPERTY BUT ON OPPORTUNITY.
_________________

Thanks
rampuria

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Joined: 08 Jul 2009
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31 Jul 2009, 12:04
Can anyone explain 9
Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
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15 Aug 2009, 00:36
Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our “openness” is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the “Old World” categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a “status quo” defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only “station” was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change. The nonstarters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.”
“Reform” in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work force of the people who actually make the system work. There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize the inflexibility of American economic mythology
(B) contrast “Old World” and “New World” economic ideologies
(D) champion those Americans whom the author deems to be neglected
(E) suggest a substitute for the traditional metaphor of a race
2. According to the passage, “Old World” values were based on
(A) ability
(B) property
(C) family connections
(D) guild hierarchies
(E) education
3. In the context of the author’s discussion of regulating change, which of the following could be most probably regarded as a “strong referee” (line 30) in the United States?
(A) A school principal
(B) A political theorist
(C) A federal court judge
(D) A social worker
(E) A government inspector
4. The author sets off the word “Reform” (line 35) with quotation marks in order to
(A) emphasize its departure from the concept of settled possessiveness
(B) show his support for a systematic program of change
(C) underscore the flexibility and even amorphousness of United States society
(D) indicate that the term was one of Wilson’s favorites
(E) assert that reform in the United States has not been fundamental
5. It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised “a piece of the action” (line 38) is
(A) a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative measure
(B) an example of Americans’ resistance to profound social change
(C) an innovative program for genuine social reform
(D) a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
(E) a surprisingly “Old World” remedy for social ills
6. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarize his own assessment of the American economic system (lines 35-60)?
(A) A windmill
(B) A waterfall
(D) A gyroscope
(E) A bellows
7. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who “make the system work” (lines 45-46)
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics
8. The passage contains information that would answer which of the following questions?
I. What techniques have industrialists used to manipulate a free market?
II. In what ways are “New World” and “Old World” economic policies similar?
III. Has economic policy in the United States tended to reward independent action?
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) II and III only
9. Which of the following best expresses the author’s main point?
(A) Americans’ pride in their jobs continues to give them stamina today.
(B) The absence of a status quo ante has undermined United States economic structure.
(C) The free enterprise system has been only a useless concept in the United States.
(D) The myth of the American free enterprise system is seriously flawed.
(E) Fascination with the ideal of “openness” has made Americans a progressive people.

Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2009
Posts: 154

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17 Aug 2009, 09:04
I got
ABAECCACD
Off on 3, 5 and 7
3 -> Why not the principal?
A strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered “starting lines.” - cant a principal be that? May be judge is the better answer.

5 -> no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. -> doesnt this mean that Americans value this? OA say "an example of Americans’ resistance to profound social change", am not able to deduce why??

7- >
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Joined: 20 Jul 2009
Posts: 16

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28 Aug 2009, 13:12
I know I am late on this one but tough indeed
6/9 20 min

4,5, and 9 wrong

4 and 9 I was down to the two 1 right, i just have to be a little better

5 - i dont get either I went with E
Intern
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 9

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28 Aug 2009, 16:17
1. B -- Incorrect (A)
2. B
3. D -- Incorrect (C)
4. E
5. B
6. A -- Incorrect (C)
7. B
8. E -- Incorrect (C)
9. E -- Incorrect (D)
Re: Good RC-Woodrow Wilson-Tuesday   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2009, 16:17

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