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# Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic

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Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2013, 01:37
2
2
2
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (01:15) correct 24% (01:31) wrong based on 336 sessions

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Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physician in 1884; however within three years his short stories had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and went on to have a posthumous reputation as undoubtedly one of the greatest short story writers and dramatists of all time.

1. had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and went on to have
2. did win the coveted Pushkin Prize, and had
3. had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and he had gone on to have
4. had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and he went on to have
5. won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and had gone on to

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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2015, 01:37
5
Nez wrote:
not enough explanation for ruling out c

Timeline of events is ( Picture Attached)-

1884 - Unknown Writer
1884 to 1887 - Won the Pushkin Prize
After Anton Chekhov's death he earned the posthumous reputation as one of the greatest short story writers and dramatists of all time.

Thus we may claim that the even of eining the Pushkin Prize changed the life of Anton Chekhov....

We have a clear picture which event preceeds the other in the sentence and as the MGMAT SC teaches us , use past perfect only to show the occurence of one event in the past before another event in the past.

Clearly winining the Pushkin Prize precceeds earning the reputation " as one of the greatest short story writers and dramatists of all time. " so , we use had won.

Quote:
and went on to have a posthumous reputation
Means Anton Chekhov carried on his good woork and thus earned the reputation as a great writer.

Option (C) " had gone on to have " - Not only changes the meaning of the sentence ( Referring to going to a place to earn the reputation) , but also is gramatically and logically incorrect.

Hence we can eliminate option (C)

Attachments

Untitled.png [ 6.29 KiB | Viewed 1861 times ]

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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2013, 02:29
Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physician in 1884; however within three years his short stories had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and went on to have a posthumous reputation as undoubtedly one of the greatest short story writers and dramatists of all time.

In 1884 +3Years requires "had won" so we can discard B and E

The final part of the sentence decribes Anton, not is work, so we require a pronoun "he" to distinguish between "Short stories" and Anton, so we can discard A, B and E

Evaluating C and D

1. had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and went on to have
2. did win the coveted Pushkin Prize, and had
3. had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and he had gone on to have- "of all time" means that he currently
4. had won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and he went on to have- correct
5. won the coveted Pushkin Prize, and had gone on to
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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 04:49
the only case in which had done is used is an action happening before a past time/action. other cases , simple past is used.

I learned gmat intill last year

is correct. had done is not used here
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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2015, 14:56
not enough explanation for ruling out c
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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2015, 09:57
2
The point is to decide whether winning the prize occurred earlier or having the reputation happened earlier. It is clear that by limiting the winning to a stint of three years, it is the earlier event while posthumous reputation which even stands today ( of all time). Hence, this must be the later event.

So the first event (winning) entails a past perfect and the second event (the reputation) entails a simple past. So D.

Also, consider that a past perfect has to be backed up by a simple past to distinguish the sequence. C has no such simple past. So it is erroneous.

A kudos to Abhishek for his elaborate and diagrammatic labor.
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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2018, 01:50
The first split: related to verb tense

Had won/did/won --> Had won would imply that past perfect is applicable. According to Manhattan, we use the past perfect tense for the earlier action and simple past for the later action. The past perfect is the past of the past, or the past twice removed from the present time. The principle regarding past perfect is that you should use past perfect only to clarify or emphasize a sequence of past events. In this case we want to clarify him winning the prize and acquiring a posthumlus reputation. Past perfect is correct here, so we can discount answer choices B and E.

Second split:

Is a pronoun error, mentioned by previous poster. We can exclude answer choice A.

Third split:

Had gone on to have -- explained why its wrong by Abhishek.

This was my input for this question. Hope it helped.
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Re: Writer Anton Chekhov was simply an unknown practicing physic   [#permalink] 08 Nov 2018, 01:50
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