GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 07 Dec 2019, 06:58

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 18 May 2017
Posts: 17
Concentration: Human Resources, Technology
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2017, 05:23
1
5
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:52) correct 38% (02:12) wrong based on 253 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and gestures. However, this does not confirm the thesis that animals possess language, for it does not prove that animals possess the ability to use sounds or gestures to refer to concrete objects or abstract ideas.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the zoologist’s argument depends?

(A) Animals do not have the cognitive capabilities to entertain abstract ideas.
(B) If an animal’s system of sounds or gestures is not a language, then that animal is unable to entertain abstract ideas.
(C) When signaling each other with sounds of gestures, animals refer neither to concrete objects nor abstract ideas.
(D) If a system of sounds or gestures contains no expressions referring to concrete objects or abstract ideas, then that system is not a language.
(E) Some animals that possess a language can refer to both concrete objects and abstract ideas.

_________________
Army Brat
Intern
Status: GMAT tutor
Joined: 20 Apr 2017
Posts: 20
GMAT 1: 770 Q49 V47
Re: Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2017, 06:22
5
rahulkiller321 wrote:
What is premise and conclusion of this sentence unable to get that

The conclusion is: [The fact that animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and gestures] does not confirm the thesis that animals possess language.

Why? Because it does not prove that animals possess the ability to use sounds or gestures to refer to concrete objects or abstract ideas.

How do we find the conclusion? There are many ways, but one of the ways is to use certain indicator words to guide us. Premises are normally preceded by words such as since, because, or for. In this case, the premise is preceded by the word for.

Premises answer the question why? We should be able to take the conclusion, ask the question why, and use the premises to answer that question.

In this case the premise and the conclusion contain different words. The conclusion talks about animals possessing language whereas the premise talks about concrete objects or abstract ideas. What's the connection between the two? Is there a connection? This connection will be in the assumption. Accordingly, we can determine that the assumption must contain the words "concrete objects or abstract ideas" and "language."

This realization makes (D) our top candidate. But how can we be certain that (D) is the best answer? Well, we can use the why test again. State the conclusion: [The fact that animals and can certainly signal each other with sounds and gestures] does not confirm the thesis that animals possess language and ask the question why? Does "if a system of sounds or gestures contains no expressions referring to concrete objects or abstract ideas, then that system is not a language" answer that question? I think it does.

Alternatively, you can use the negation test. The negated assumption should disprove the argument. Here's the negated assumption:

If a system of sounds or gestures contains no expressions referring to concrete objects or abstract ideas, then that system is not a language.

I think we can see that it does disprove the conclusion.

Accordingly, when looking for assumptions follow these three steps:

1. Look for new, surprising words in the conclusion that are not mentioned in the premises.
2. Use the why? test.
3. Use the negation test.
_________________
Elias Latour
Verbal Specialist @ ApexGMAT
blog.apexgmat.com
+1 (646) 736-7622
##### General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 18 May 2017
Posts: 17
Concentration: Human Resources, Technology
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
Re: Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2017, 05:26
What is premise and conclusion of this sentence unable to get that
_________________
Army Brat
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 262
Re: Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2017, 12:46
Thanks eliaslatour for the explanation!

Feel free to use the Request Expert Reply button when posting follow-up questions.
_________________
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 7177
Re: Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2019, 06:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Zoologist: Animals can certainly signal each other with sounds and ges   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2019, 06:07
Display posts from previous: Sort by