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A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain

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Re: A certain junior class has 1000 students and a certain  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2018, 16:45
gurpreet07 wrote:
A certain junior class has 1000 students and a certain senior class has 800 students. Among these students, there are 60 siblings pairs each consisting of 1 junior and 1 senior. If 1 student is to be selected at random from each class, what is the probability that the 2 students selected will be a sibling pair?

A. 3/40000
B. 1/3600
C. 9/2000
D. 1/60
E. 1/15


The probability of selecting any one sibling from the 60 sibling pairs in the junior class is 60/1000. Once that person is selected, the probability of selecting his or her sibling from the senior class is 1/800; thus, the probability of a selecting a sibling pair is:

60/1000 x 1/800 = 3/50 x 1/800 = 3/40000

Alternatively, the probability of selecting any one sibling from the 60 sibling pairs in the senior class is 60/800. Once that person is selected, the probability of selecting his or her sibling from the junior class is 1/1000; thus, the probability of a selecting a sibling pair is:

60/800 x 1/1000 = 3/40 x 1/1000 = 3/40000

Answer: A
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Re: A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2018, 07:37
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blog wrote:
A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain senior class has 800 students. Among these students, there are 60 siblings pairs, each consisting of 1 junior and 1 senior. If 1 student is to be selected at random from each class, what is the probability that the 2 students selected at will be a sibling pair?

A. 3/40,000
B. 1/3,600
C. 9/2,000
D. 1/60
E. 1/15


One option is to apply probability rules.

So, for two siblings to be selected, 2 things must happen: we must select a junior who has a senior sibling AND the senior selected must be the sibling of the selected junior.
We get P(junior with sibling AND selected senior is sibling to selected junior)= P(junior with sibling) x P(selected senior is sibling to selected junior)

P(junior with sibling): there are 1000 juniors and 60 of them have senior siblings. So, P(junior with sibling)=60/1000

P(selected senior is sibling to selected junior): Once the junior has been selected, there is only 1 senior (out of 800 seniors) who is the sibling to the selected junior. So, P(selected senior is sibling to selected junior)= 1/800

So, the probability is (60/1000)x(1/800) = 3/40,000

The answer is A

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2018, 14:07
GMATPrepNow wrote:
blog wrote:
A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain senior class has 800 students. Among these students, there are 60 siblings pairs, each consisting of 1 junior and 1 senior. If 1 student is to be selected at random from each class, what is the probability that the 2 students selected at will be a sibling pair?

A. 3/40,000
B. 1/3,600
C. 9/2,000
D. 1/60
E. 1/15


\(\left( J \right)\,\,{\text{Junior}}\,\,:\,\,\,1000\,\,{\text{students}}\,\,,\,\,\,{J_1}\,,\,{J_2},\,\, \ldots \,\,,\,\,{J_{60}}\,\,{\text{among}}\,\,{\text{them}}\,\,\,\left( {{\text{the}}\,\,{\text{ones}}\,\,{\text{with}}\,\,{\text{senior}}\,\,{\text{siblings}}} \right)\)

\(\left( S \right)\,\,{\text{Senior}}\,\,:\,\,\,800\,\,{\text{students}}\,\,,\,\,\,{S_1}\,,\,{S_2},\,\, \ldots \,\,,\,\,{S_{60}}\,\,{\text{among}}\,\,{\text{them}}\,\,\,\left( {{\text{the}}\,\,{\text{ones}}\,\,{\text{with}}\,\,{\text{junior}}\,\,{\text{siblings}}} \right)\)

\(\left( {{J_1}\,,\,{S_1}} \right)\,\,;\,\,\left( {{J_2}\,,\,{S_2}} \right)\,\,;\,\, \ldots \,\,;\,\,\left( {{J_{60}}\,,\,{S_{60}}} \right)\,\,\,:\,\,\,{\text{pairs}}\,\,{\text{of}}\,\,{\text{siblings}}\,\)


\(? = P\left( {{\text{pair}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{siblings}}\,,\,\,{\text{in}}\,{\text{one}}\,J\,{\text{and}}\,{\text{one}}\,S\,{\text{extraction}}} \right)\)


\({\text{Total}}\,\,:\,\,\,1000 \cdot 800\,\,\,{\text{equiprobables}}\,\,\,\left[ {\left( {{J_m},{S_n}} \right)\,\,,\,\,\,{\text{where}}\,\,1 \leqslant m \leqslant 1000\,\,{\text{and}}\,\,\,1 \leqslant n \leqslant 800} \right]\)

\({\text{Favorable}}\,\,:\,\,60\,\,\,\,\,\left[ {\left( {{J_k},{S_k}} \right)\,\,,\,\,\,{\text{where}}\,\,1 \leqslant k \leqslant 60} \right]\,\,\,\,\)


\(? = \frac{{60}}{{1000 \cdot 800}} = \underleftrightarrow {\frac{{4 \cdot 15}}{{1000 \cdot 4 \cdot 200}}} = \frac{{4 \cdot 3 \cdot 5}}{{1000 \cdot 4 \cdot 5 \cdot 40}} = \frac{3}{{40 \cdot 1000}}\)


This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
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Re: A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2019, 22:08
Bunuel wrote:
What is the probability of choosing ANY sibling from junior class? \(\frac{60}{1000}\) (as there are 60 of them).

What is the probability of choosing PAIR OF CHOSEN SIBLING in senior class? As in senior class there is only one pair of chosen sibling it would be \(\frac{1}{800}\) (as there is only one sibling pair of chosen one).

So the probability of that the 2 students selected will be a sibling pair is: \(\frac{60}{1000}*\frac{1}{800}=\frac{3}{40000}\)

This is where I got confused. We are first choosing junior class and then choosing any sibling. In addition, we can also choose senior class first and then choose any sibling from there.

So, I am getting the answer:

60/1000*1/800 + 60/800*1/1000 = 3/20000

Can you please explain.
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Re: A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2019, 22:56
Bunuel
If the question would have been "How many ways in which a pair can be selected" instead of "What is the probability..", then we had to count both of the possibilities right?
(Senior,Junior) as well as (Junior,senior)

Please shed your thoughts?
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Re: A certain junior class has 1,000 students and a certain   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2019, 22:56

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