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A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education

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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Jul 2014, 07:57
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A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,

B. that they would, or could,

C. it will be or could

D. believe that such education will be or can

E. believe that such education would or could

I feel this question tests meaning clarity and a little bit of pronoun-knowledge more than anything else.
MEANING: This sentence is conveying a concrete opinion formed by the educators. For the time-being, assume that the opinion were expressed in 1st person i.e.

"We view the system of higher education (SHE) as currently outdated. However, even though the SHE is indeed outdated at present (due to whatever shortcomings (inherent in SHE AND/OR some other non-inherent ones not addressed right NOW), we believe that the SHE can be improvised upon (at least by addressing the primary category of shortcomings i.e. the inherent ones), after which it will definitely be in a position to be reinforced in the near future (assuming an ideal state for implementation exists), and if not then (due to the other non-inherent shortcomings still present), then it CAN certainly be reinforced at some other point of time beyond this point in distant future (obviously once the other non-inherent issues are sorted out)

In summary, the intent of these educators in stating their opinion is clear. They are sure of the practicability of the SHE once ALL the limitations affecting it are ironed out, IT WILL WORK NO MATTER WHAT!!

Back to the answer choices..

A, B out as "they" inappropriately refers to the SHE, which is singular as we are talking about A SYSTEM. Also, if it were to refer to the only plural antecedent, educators, it would not make sense as people cannot be made contemporary. They themselves could exist as contemporaries of some other subject (person)..

C/D/E: The most debated...

C: Again pronoun issue. There is a clause/parallelism issue here also. Anyways, for those of us if pronoun/parallelism is baffling most of us, go back to the meaning....For a moment, if I were to wrongly assume that "it" does indeed refer to the SHE, then the sentence may be interpreted as...
"The educators view that even though the SHE IS currently outdated, the SHE WILL be reinforced in future (100% certainity of implementation), and if not then, then it COULD be reinforced (Uncertainity creeps in, opinion no longer remains concrete; as if the probability of the SHE getting reinforced in the distant future drops down just because it was not reinforced on the first attempt)...
D: Correct choice...Ably conveys intent of the sentence.
E: " Would" introduces an element of hope or a wish as if it were to convey that the educators desired that the SHE be reinforced in a contemporary sense. A wish cannot be an opinion.

Answer: D.

Originally posted by itzmyzone911 on 08 Jul 2014, 07:50.
Last edited by itzmyzone911 on 08 Jul 2014, 07:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 07:53
I think the ans is D. Generally would and could are used to indicate past action. Here, the sentence is telling about future. So, I avoid 'could'. All the options except D have could. So, D is the answer.
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 08:32
souvik101990 wrote:
A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,

B. that they would, or could,

C. it will be or could

D. believe that such education will be or can

E. believe that such education would or could

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D is the best answer.

A,B ambiguous pronoun They is used. "They"can either refer to educators or subjects.

To maintain paralleism we choose D/E.. View that ...believe that.

The phrase "in the near future" requires the future tense verb will/can.
Would refers to a case of future action in the past. So E is incorrect.
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 10:11
I believe the answer is D

The educators do not view the higher education-as a whole- as outdated. They view a subset of higher education, say engineering, as outdated.
C has the meaning issue. D:- such education clearly states the meaning.

E:- "would or could" - redundancy.

A & B- "they"- wrong pronoun
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 12:24
A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

If we Remove the prepositional phrases and modifiers, the sentence becomes :

A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

Now evaluating the answer choices :

A. that they will, or could, - They seems inappropriate. Also , no parallelism before and after 'or'

B. that they would, or could, - Same as above

C. it will be or could - The Best answer

D. believe that such education will be or can - Unnecessarily wordy . Usage of 'can ' seems incorrect

E. believe that such education would or could- Same as above
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 18:41
souvik101990 wrote:
A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,

B. that they would, or could,

C. it will be or could

D. believe that such education will be or can

E. believe that such education would or could

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"believe that..." adequately describes who the clause is referring to (educators).
A, B, and C have ambiguous pronouns.

Would and could are past tenses of "can" and "will."
E is incorrect in this sense.
Di is the right answer.
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 19:08
Here are the 2 parallel elements correctly placed in D)

A large number of educators surveyed
* view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present
but
* believe that such education will be or can be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

In A, B, the "they" refers incorrectly to "Subjects". The second half of the sentence needs a pronoun to refer to "higher education". Therefore, c, d and e remain.
"Such education" is preferable to "it", because when a noun is replaced by a pronoun, usually the sentence with the noun is correct. Also, would or could is incorrect which are usually used to refer to a future action from a standpoint of a past reference. Here the use verb "view" and "believe" in present tense justifies the use of "will be"/"can be" in D).
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 21:19
Hi, my take is D for the following reasons:

A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

but is introducing contrast surveyed view higher education is outdated.... and it can be made contemporary in near future .... make the two clauses parallel.
A. that they will, or could,
Incorrect. "They" is used wrongly here , incorrectly pointing to educators instead it should point to education.

B. that they would, or could,
Incorrect. Same mistake here.

C. it will be or could
Incorrect. will be and could not parallel also but makes two clauses parallel both must begin with that ...

D. believe that such education will be or can
Correct. Parallelism is correct here with the use of "view that" and "believe that". Since the sentence makes prediction and believe/view conveys the simple present tense, usage of will and can is correct here.

E. believe that such education would or could
Incorrect. Parallelism is correct here with the use of "view that" and "believe that". Since the sentence makes prediction and believe/view conveys the simple present tense, usage of would and could is used for past elements also, it conveys uncertainty . whereas the main sentence uses Can to denote the certainty.

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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 23:02
A large number of educators surveyed view,
that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but
that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,

B. that they would, or could,

C. it will be or could – Correct Answer. The pronoun it correctly refers to the subject “higher education” since both are at the subject location in the comparison. The parallelism is correct with “will be or could be” both serving as the verb for the subject IT ( higher education)

D. believe that such education will be or can

E. believe that such education would or could
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2014, 05:24
(A) that they will, or could,
Incorrect. Antecedent of "they" cannot be "a number of educators" Also the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - "can"
(B) that they would, or could,
Incorrect. Antecedent of "they" cannot be "a number of educators" Also the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - "will" & “can”</p>
(C) it will be or could
Incorrect. phrase "that higher education.." is not parallel to "it will be.." Also the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - “can”</p>
(D) believe that such education will be or can
Correct. phrase "that higher education.." is parallel to "that such education..”</p>
(E) believe that such education would or could
Incorrect. the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - "will" & “can”</p></ex>
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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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Re: A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2018, 05:16
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