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A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims

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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 15:59
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DevilDoggNC wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 16
Page: 674

A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought.

(A) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought

(B) claims suggests that the economy might not be so weak as some analysts have previously thought

(C) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as have been previously thought by some analysts

(D) claims, suggesting about the economy that it might not be so weak as previously thought by some analysts

(E) claims, suggesting the economy might not be as weak as previously thought to be by some analysts


sajon wrote:
why option A is not used as subjunctive as "suggest that" is given.

sajon , I can understand why you might think the phrase "suggest that" indicates or requires a subjunctive construction.

Those two words are markers for the subjunctive mood.

But use of the verb suggest does not automatically mean that a subjunctive phrase will follow.

Suggest, as a verb, is used in many ways.
In the subjunctive mood, "suggest that" implies some sort of desire, command, or request.

Desire, command, and request are not present here.

The surge and the drop do not recommend that ______. The surge and the drop do not desire, command, request, or prefer.

The verb suggest can be used in many ways. It is not restricted to the subjunctive.

"Suggest that" here is used in the sense of "hint at, imply, show."

His red face suggests [that] he is embarrassed.
• The shape of that package suggests [that] something breakable is inside.
• Water in the desert suggests an oasis.
• The data suggested an outcome different from the one scientists had predicted.

You could remove "that" in the first two sentences and they would still be grammatically correct.

With the sentence in the prompt, you could also remove the word "that."

This sentence means
Good Thing A (increased home sales) and Good Thing B (decreased unemployment) indicate that the economy is doing better than some analysts believed.

Or: Good Thing A and Good Thing B hint that the economy might be in better health than analysts thought.

In sum, in this sentence, suggest that does not require the subjunctive.

Hope that helps.
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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 21:35
Hello everyone,

Need help in understanding how does the first part underlined not have a main verb? My understanding is that "surge" and "drop" are verbs.

A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought
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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 22:37
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"Surge" and "drop" *can* be verbs, but like many words, they can have more than usage. Any time you see a word preceded by an article (a/an/the), it is either a noun or a modifier preceding a noun: "a kick in the gut," "the signing of the Declaration of Independence," "the last blow to my self-esteem," etc.
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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 23:36
DmitryFarber wrote:
"Surge" and "drop" *can* be verbs, but like many words, they can have more than usage. Any time you see a word preceded by an article (a/an/the), it is either a noun or a modifier preceding a noun: "a kick in the gut," "the signing of the Declaration of Independence," "the last blow to my self-esteem," etc.


A word is preceded by "a" or "an" or "the" it is either a noun or modifier to a noun. Is it a universal rule and true for every single case? Please confirm
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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2018, 00:01
I'm always nervous about declaring anything a universal rule, since there are often odd little exceptions, but no exceptions come to mind on this one. I think you're safe to apply this universally. The whole point of articles is to introduce nouns. In some languages (such as Swedish), the article is actually part of the noun itself!
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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 12:14
Hello Everyone!

Let's take a look at this sentence, one issue at a time, to determine which option is the right answer! First, here's the original question, with the major differences between options highlighted in orange:

A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought.


(A) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought
(B) claims suggests that the economy might not be so weak as some analysts have previously thought
(C) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as have been previously thought by some analysts
(D) claims, suggesting about the economy that it might not be so weak as previously thought by some analysts
(E) claims, suggesting the economy might not be as weak as previously thought to be by some analysts

A quick glance over the options tells us we have 2 major issues to deal with:

1. Verb Tense: suggest / suggests / suggesting
2. Active vs. Passive Voice: some analysts previously thought / previously thought by some analysts


Let's start with #1 on our list: verb tense. We need to make sure that the verb agrees with the subject, and that we're not creating an accidental sentence fragment:


(A) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought

This is OKAY because it uses a plural verb for a plural subject (A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims).

(B) claims suggests that the economy might not be so weak as some analysts have previously thought

This is INCORRECT because it uses a singular verb for a plural subject, which doesn't agree in number!

(C) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as have been previously thought by some analysts

This is OKAY because it uses a plural verb for a plural subject (A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims).

(D) claims, suggesting about the economy that it might not be so weak as previously thought by some analysts

This is INCORRECT because by changing "suggest" to the gerund "suggesting," it eliminates the verb from the sentence - making this a sentence fragment!

(E) claims, suggesting the economy might not be as weak as previously thought to be by some analysts

This is INCORRECT because by changing "suggest" to the gerund "suggesting," it eliminates the verb from the sentence - making this a sentence fragment!

We can eliminate options B, D, and E because they don't use the right verb tense/form to agree with the subject.

Now that we're left with 2 options, let's take a look at #2 on our list: active vs. passive voice. Whenever possible, we MUST use active voice over passive voice. Active voice is clearer, less wordy, and always preferred on the GMAT.

(A) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought

This is CORRECT! It uses the correct verb tense (suggest) and uses active voice!

(C) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as have been previously thought by some analysts

This is INCORRECT because it uses passive voice instead of active voice, which is a major no-no on the GMAT!

There you go - option A was the correct choice all along!


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Re: A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims &nbs [#permalink] 18 Oct 2018, 12:14

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