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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
cubs wrote:
According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine, the publicity campaigns that were
conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles established
these
countries as the most popular beach holiday destinations of the year.
(A) that were conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles
established
(B) that were conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles had
established
(C) that had been conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles
had established
(D) conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles have established
(E) conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles established

Source : crackverbal sc guide


Clear D!

The publicity campaigns is plural in number and must be followed by a plural verb(have)
Since, Option B and C use singular verb, they are incorrect.
Also, the publicity campaigns conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles
is a better way of writing this!
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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
Why cant A be the answer. Because the non underlined part is in the passive voice - According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine hence the answer must also be in the passive voice. B and C uses Had (Past perfect for a action that took place in the 2nd sequencing which is incorrect ) D and E uses active voice and So A is the answer. Please correct me if I'm wrong. Thank you.
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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
longhaul123 wrote:
Why cant A be the answer. Because the non underlined part is in the passive voice - According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine hence the answer must also be in the passive voice. B and C uses Had (Past perfect for a action that took place in the 2nd sequencing which is incorrect ) D and E uses active voice and So A is the answer. Please correct me if I'm wrong. Thank you.


I couldn't quite understand why D and E are in active voice. In any case, as far as the meaning is clarified, it's deemed correct to use either Active or Passive voice.
And the game-changer for option D here is the fact that Mauritius and Seychelles are the most popular tourist destinations now and they shall continue to be so throughout the year.

Since the effect of something is continuing from past into the present, the use of Present Perfect tense is required and only option D takes care of that.

I hope this helps clarify. :)
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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
cubs wrote:
According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine, the publicity campaigns that were
conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles established
these
countries as the most popular beach holiday destinations of the year.
(A) that were conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles
established
(B) that were conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles had
established
(C) that had been conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles
had established
(D) conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles have established
(E) conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles established

Source : crackverbal sc guide


My approach to this question is as follows. All the verbs in the sentence need to have a subject and vice Versha.
In option A, the publicity campaigns do not have any very attached to it. Established does not act as a verb but is a past participle.
In option B and C. They usage of “had established” is past perfect. Hence both the options are wrong.

In option D “have established” is the correct verb and “conducted...Seychelles” is a ed modifier that modifies “the publicity campaigns “.
Option E is yet again an option with no verb for “the publicity campaigns “.

Give a kudo if you like my explanation!
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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
1
Bookmarks
B and C refer to something that took place from one point in the past to another point in the past. so this changes the meaning as the original sentence uses "latest".
A and E use wrong tense.
D is the correct option because it initially uses simple past (conducted) and then present perfect tense to describe something that is continuing now, and will continue for some time.
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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
longhaul123 wrote:
Why cant A be the answer. Because the non underlined part is in the passive voice - According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine hence the answer must also be in the passive voice. B and C uses Had (Past perfect for a action that took place in the 2nd sequencing which is incorrect ) D and E uses active voice and So A is the answer. Please correct me if I'm wrong. Thank you.


I don't think the issue is so much more about passive vs active. Passive can also be right in case there are no other grammatical errors. But all choices except D have errors of verbs.

(A) that were conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles established -- Incorrect. Publicity campaigns were conducted first and whatever they established came later. We need to appropriately convey this sequence. Here we have "were" and "established", which are both simple past verbs and it isn't clear whether these two were simultaneous actions or one came after another. A better phrasing would be "that were conducted by X have established" (present perfect would convey that whatever they establish is still relevant). Anyways, eliminate this. Also this sentence choice has a fragment issue.

(B) that were conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles had established -- Completely illogical. "had establish" cannot come first as the past perfect usage conveys. Eliminate.

(C) that had been conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles had established -- Eliminate. Both the actions cannot be in past perfect.

(D) conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles have established -- Error in A fixed by the usage of present perfect to convey the 2nd action of "establish". Correct choice.

(E) conducted by the tourism departments of Mauritius and Seychelles established -- Same as A, except relative clause has not been used and instead past participle has been used. The main verb here is "established", which is simple past. The trouble with simple past, it doesn't really gel with the opening modifier "according to the latest issue". One would presume that the act of "establish" still has an effect and hence present perfect is preferred over simple past.
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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: According to the latest issue of Traveller magazine [#permalink]
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