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# Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

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14 Aug 2009, 14:23
1
skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

A, B and C are out because of "added to"
D is not concise, that were is not needed here.
E is correct.
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25 Jan 2010, 07:14
HEllo All,

In the options D and E, the phrase "In addition to.." unnecessarily modifies the employees.
AMong the A,B and C, option C looks more convincing than the other two-A,B.
THough option C is little awkard in its construction, no other option is conveying the meaning of the sentence bette than the C.

Regards
NAresh J
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25 Jan 2010, 11:07
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nj1kor wrote:
HEllo All,

In the options D and E, the phrase "In addition to.." unnecessarily modifies the employees.
AMong the A,B and C, option C looks more convincing than the other two-A,B.
THough option C is little awkard in its construction, no other option is conveying the meaning of the sentence bette than the C.

Regards
NAresh J

In addition to is not modifying the employees.. it is a prepositional clause for the the hourly wages.....

D and E both are preferred than A, B and C.... and E wins over D because of the "were requested" in D..... were is for Increase which is singular and it is wrong.....
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25 Jan 2010, 21:35
Originally I went with (D), but haven't taken a closer look at (E), I figured it has to be (E).

In (D), the usage of "were" is not grammatically correct - should be "was".

In (E), though I agree that "railroad employees" is a lot more concise than "employees of the railroad", there really isn't anything wrong with the construct of (E). It's wordy, but at least it doesn't have subject/verb error, for which will always be wrong on GMAT.
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14 Apr 2010, 21:44
sudeep wrote:
Quote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July. - awkward
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. were is incorrect as it is referring to the singular 'increase'
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits- correct

I am still trying to understand why "were" is incorrect in D . I have read in some forums that "that" modifies the the noun preceding it .
So what does "that" modifies here is it "hourly wages" or " increase in hourly wages" ?
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15 Apr 2010, 00:40
I will go with E because in D increase in wages were( it should be was) so E looks better
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22 Apr 2010, 10:13
Here the answer must be E
A,B and C have a modifier issue, so these choices can be easily eliminated. About D Number of people are fighting on word 'were'. I think 'were' is correct here but the meaning is completely changing.
What is requested - The increase in hourly wages
What D says - the increase in hourly wages that were requested. Here is seems that wages were requested, which is not the case. Therefore, D is wrong
skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
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27 Jun 2010, 21:30
completely agree that E is the best choice since D had "wages that were requested" and not the increase that was requested last year.
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28 Jun 2010, 11:32
Will go with E as it is concise as compared to D
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11 Jul 2010, 02:05
Take a look at option D :
"In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested"

Here, 'were' is used for 'increase in wages' and not for 'wages'.
Since increase is singular, so use of were here is incorrect.
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11 Jul 2010, 04:46
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You've done a great job guys! To summarize the issues in each answer...

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Always try to understand what the very first word or couple of words in the sentence are doing. "Added" is a past participle (V3), which is a descriptive word, like an adjective. So we are opening the sentence with a subject modifier that suggests that the subject of the sentence is the thing that was "added". But our subject is employees, and employees were not "added" to anything, so we can stop reading here.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Same subject-modifier problem as in A. ALSO, NOTE: There is no comma before the "which"!! "Which" must be preceded by a comma. The only exception is when you have a preposition+which (ex. to which, from which, by which, with which...etc.) This is the ONLY time "which" does not need to be be preceded by a comma.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
"program of retirement benefits added" indicates that the program really was added. Similarly "a cake baked on Sunday" is a cake that really was baked. But the program was not added; it was sought.

Also, the relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
The relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

"The increase... requested (V3)" is correct. The play between "employees of the railroad" and "railroad employees" in D is there only to distract you from the major issues.[/quote]
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18 Sep 2010, 04:12
Thanks, that helped!

I have one question: Does not In addition bla bla bla...modify the employees in E? which is clearly incorrect?

SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
You've done a great job guys! To summarize the issues in each answer...

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Always try to understand what the very first word or couple of words in the sentence are doing. "Added" is a past participle (V3), which is a descriptive word, like an adjective. So we are opening the sentence with a subject modifier that suggests that the subject of the sentence is the thing that was "added". But our subject is employees, and employees were not "added" to anything, so we can stop reading here.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Same subject-modifier problem as in A. ALSO, NOTE: There is no comma before the "which"!! "Which" must be preceded by a comma. The only exception is when you have a preposition+which (ex. to which, from which, by which, with which...etc.) This is the ONLY time "which" does not need to be be preceded by a comma.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
"program of retirement benefits added" indicates that the program really was added. Similarly "a cake baked on Sunday" is a cake that really was baked. But the program was not added; it was sought.

Also, the relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
The relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

"The increase... requested (V3)" is correct. The play between "employees of the railroad" and "railroad employees" in D is there only to distract you from the major issues.
[/quote]
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15 Feb 2011, 00:44
Thanks for the detailed explanation Sarai. E is the best. D has "were" which incorrectly refers to the singular "increase".
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16 Jul 2011, 21:10
Can someone explain why A and B have modifier problem and not E?
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16 Jul 2011, 22:00
Good question... Chose E..
The explanations helped in gaining more clarity..
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17 Jul 2011, 00:34
Thanks SaraiGMAXonline.

I chose E, because of unnecessary use of 'that' in the option D.

Do you think, in such questions, "conjunctions (ex. 'that' in option D)" should be avoided unless there is a case that all other options have even more severe errors.
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11 Aug 2011, 05:15
Agreed with E and D

D is less concise than E so E
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10 Sep 2011, 00:05
@SaraiGMAXonline

Isn't "In addtion to.." also modifying employees just like in option (A) ?

I was thinking more along the grounds that A,B are gone because Added to...is something of the past...but what the employees are doing are " now seeking an expanded program... " which seems to be present....so it seemed like a tense confusion...D is wrong because of what u said..."the increase" is singular so "were" is wrong...
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10 Sep 2011, 03:05
Tense problem in D. E is correct.
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2011, 22:06
Even though I have marked E, I don't agree with Sarai explanation why (d) is wrong. I have marked d wrong for some other reason.Please correct me if I am wrong

Explanation of Sarai on (d)....

The relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

But what I know about "that" - "that" cannot modify a full clause, but it can only modify the noun just preceding it. Here "that" is modifying "wages" and not "increase" , hence were is correct here.
Why I would say D is incorrect because D says
"In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, ... "
This means wages were requested last July, and not that the increase was requested in July..

This logic comes from the same rule I mentioned before - "that" cannot modify a full clause, but it can only modify the noun just preceding it. Here "that" is modifying "wages" and not "increase"

Please correct me if I am wrong in the explanation
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, &nbs [#permalink] 18 Nov 2011, 22:06

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