It is currently 18 Jan 2018, 13:29

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 806

Kudos [?]: 402 [0], given: 106

WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:46
hagadre wrote:
Another line of reasoning to consider here is 'WHO' requested increase in hourly wages.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits


I do not agree to the reason you mentioned. I think 'The railroad employees'(*Note it is a noun phrase with employee as the main subject) is better than 'the employees of rail road'.
_________________

Consider kudos for the good post ... :beer
My debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/journey-670-to-720-q50-v36-long-85083.html

Kudos [?]: 402 [0], given: 106

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Mar 2009
Posts: 50

Kudos [?]: 12 [1], given: 2

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Aug 2009, 13:23
1
This post received
KUDOS
skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits


A, B and C are out because of "added to"
D is not concise, that were is not needed here.
E is correct.

Kudos [?]: 12 [1], given: 2

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Dec 2009
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 5

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2010, 06:14
HEllo All,

In the options D and E, the phrase "In addition to.." unnecessarily modifies the employees.
AMong the A,B and C, option C looks more convincing than the other two-A,B.
THough option C is little awkard in its construction, no other option is conveying the meaning of the sentence bette than the C.

PLease let me know your opinin.

Regards
NAresh J

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 5

3 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2009
Posts: 356

Kudos [?]: 438 [3], given: 47

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2010, 10:07
3
This post received
KUDOS
nj1kor wrote:
HEllo All,

In the options D and E, the phrase "In addition to.." unnecessarily modifies the employees.
AMong the A,B and C, option C looks more convincing than the other two-A,B.
THough option C is little awkard in its construction, no other option is conveying the meaning of the sentence bette than the C.

PLease let me know your opinin.

Regards
NAresh J


In addition to is not modifying the employees.. it is a prepositional clause for the the hourly wages.....

D and E both are preferred than A, B and C.... and E wins over D because of the "were requested" in D..... were is for Increase which is singular and it is wrong.....
_________________

Cheers!
JT...........
If u like my post..... payback in Kudos!! :beer

|Do not post questions with OA|Please underline your SC questions while posting|Try posting the explanation along with your answer choice|
|For CR refer Powerscore CR Bible|For SC refer Manhattan SC Guide|


~~Better Burn Out... Than Fade Away~~

Kudos [?]: 438 [3], given: 47

Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Darden Class of 2013
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 1834

Kudos [?]: 401 [0], given: 37

Schools: University of Virginia
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2010, 20:35
Originally I went with (D), but haven't taken a closer look at (E), I figured it has to be (E).

In (D), the usage of "were" is not grammatically correct - should be "was".

In (E), though I agree that "railroad employees" is a lot more concise than "employees of the railroad", there really isn't anything wrong with the construct of (E). It's wordy, but at least it doesn't have subject/verb error, for which will always be wrong on GMAT.
_________________

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 401 [0], given: 37

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Mar 2010
Posts: 5

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Apr 2010, 20:44
sudeep wrote:
Quote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July. - awkward
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. were is incorrect as it is referring to the singular 'increase'
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits- correct



I am still trying to understand why "were" is incorrect in D :cry: . I have read in some forums that "that" modifies the the noun preceding it .
So what does "that" modifies here is it "hourly wages" or " increase in hourly wages" ?

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Apr 2010
Posts: 4

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Apr 2010, 23:40
I will go with E because in D increase in wages were( it should be was) so E looks better

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 12 Oct 2008
Posts: 538

Kudos [?]: 649 [0], given: 2

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Apr 2010, 09:13
Here the answer must be E
A,B and C have a modifier issue, so these choices can be easily eliminated. About D Number of people are fighting on word 'were'. I think 'were' is correct here but the meaning is completely changing.
What is requested - The increase in hourly wages
What D says - the increase in hourly wages that were requested. Here is seems that wages were requested, which is not the case. Therefore, D is wrong
skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

Kudos [?]: 649 [0], given: 2

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Jul 2009
Posts: 41

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2010, 20:30
completely agree that E is the best choice since D had "wages that were requested" and not the increase that was requested last year.

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jan 2010
Posts: 151

Kudos [?]: 77 [0], given: 14

Location: India
Schools: ISB
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2010, 10:32
Will go with E as it is concise as compared to D
_________________

_________________
If you like my post, consider giving me a kudos. THANKS!

Kudos [?]: 77 [0], given: 14

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Jul 2010
Posts: 1

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2010, 01:05
Take a look at option D :
"In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested"

Here, 'were' is used for 'increase in wages' and not for 'wages'.
Since increase is singular, so use of were here is incorrect.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

11 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 137

Kudos [?]: 897 [11], given: 0

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2010, 03:46
11
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
You've done a great job guys! To summarize the issues in each answer...

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Always try to understand what the very first word or couple of words in the sentence are doing. "Added" is a past participle (V3), which is a descriptive word, like an adjective. So we are opening the sentence with a subject modifier that suggests that the subject of the sentence is the thing that was "added". But our subject is employees, and employees were not "added" to anything, so we can stop reading here.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Same subject-modifier problem as in A. ALSO, NOTE: There is no comma before the "which"!! "Which" must be preceded by a comma. The only exception is when you have a preposition+which (ex. to which, from which, by which, with which...etc.) This is the ONLY time "which" does not need to be be preceded by a comma.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
"program of retirement benefits added" indicates that the program really was added. Similarly "a cake baked on Sunday" is a cake that really was baked. But the program was not added; it was sought.

Also, the relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.


(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
The relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

"The increase... requested (V3)" is correct. The play between "employees of the railroad" and "railroad employees" in D is there only to distract you from the major issues.[/quote]
_________________

Sarai
GMAT Verbal Instructor at http://www.linkedin.com/company/ofek-gmat/online-gmat-tutoring-22305743/product?trk=biz_product
Email me at saraiyaseen@gmail.com

If this helped, kindly give Kudos! :wink:

Kudos [?]: 897 [11], given: 0

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1478

Kudos [?]: 1560 [0], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2010, 03:12
Thanks, that helped!

I have one question: Does not In addition bla bla bla...modify the employees in E? which is clearly incorrect?

Thanks for your help.

SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
You've done a great job guys! To summarize the issues in each answer...

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Always try to understand what the very first word or couple of words in the sentence are doing. "Added" is a past participle (V3), which is a descriptive word, like an adjective. So we are opening the sentence with a subject modifier that suggests that the subject of the sentence is the thing that was "added". But our subject is employees, and employees were not "added" to anything, so we can stop reading here.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Same subject-modifier problem as in A. ALSO, NOTE: There is no comma before the "which"!! "Which" must be preceded by a comma. The only exception is when you have a preposition+which (ex. to which, from which, by which, with which...etc.) This is the ONLY time "which" does not need to be be preceded by a comma.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
"program of retirement benefits added" indicates that the program really was added. Similarly "a cake baked on Sunday" is a cake that really was baked. But the program was not added; it was sought.

Also, the relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.


(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
The relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

"The increase... requested (V3)" is correct. The play between "employees of the railroad" and "railroad employees" in D is there only to distract you from the major issues.
[/quote]
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1560 [0], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Sep 2010
Posts: 148

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 18

Nationality: Indian
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Feb 2011, 23:44
Thanks for the detailed explanation Sarai. E is the best. D has "were" which incorrectly refers to the singular "increase".

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 18

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 May 2011
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 2

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jul 2011, 20:10
Can someone explain why A and B have modifier problem and not E?

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2010
Posts: 111

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 6

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jul 2011, 21:00
Good question... Chose E..
The explanations helped in gaining more clarity..

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 6

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 190

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 7

Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, International Business
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Project Management (Computer Software)
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jul 2011, 23:34
Thanks SaraiGMAXonline.

I chose E, because of unnecessary use of 'that' in the option D.

Do you think, in such questions, "conjunctions (ex. 'that' in option D)" should be avoided unless there is a case that all other options have even more severe errors.
_________________

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-guide-to-the-official-guide-13-for-gmat-review-134210.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 7

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: GMAT BATTLE - WIN OR DIE
Joined: 02 May 2011
Posts: 161

Kudos [?]: 124 [0], given: 13

Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GMAT Date: 12-22-2011
GPA: 3.81
WE: General Management (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Aug 2011, 04:15
Agreed with E and D

D is less concise than E so E

Kudos [?]: 124 [0], given: 13

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 13 Jul 2011
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 5

Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2011, 23:05
@SaraiGMAXonline

Isn't "In addtion to.." also modifying employees just like in option (A) ?

I was thinking more along the grounds that A,B are gone because Added to...is something of the past...but what the employees are doing are " now seeking an expanded program... " which seems to be present....so it seemed like a tense confusion...D is wrong because of what u said..."the increase" is singular so "were" is wrong...
_________________

Shake the Pillars of Heaven!!!

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 5

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Prepping for the last time....
Joined: 28 May 2010
Posts: 180

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 21

Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GPA: 3.2
Re: please explain [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2011, 02:05
Tense problem in D. E is correct.
_________________

Two great challenges: 1. Guts to Fail and 2. Fear to Succeed

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 21

Re: please explain   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2011, 02:05

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 59 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.