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Advanced SC: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family

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Advanced SC: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2015, 12:59
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Question Stats:

63% (00:52) correct 37% (00:55) wrong based on 147 sessions

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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Advanced SC: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2015, 14:17
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S_V agreement problem in D&E. 32 Species (Plural) _ Includes (singular) - wrong.

D E Eliminated.
Growing is Verb-ing modifier and wrongly modifying 32 species. B C eliminated

AS big as & Long together are unnecessary. Eliminate B D

A remains.
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Re: Advanced SC: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 13:11
souvik101990 wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.


(A) include the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
correct

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing as big as 30 feet long and
comma+ing modifier - not correct

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing up to 30 feet long and being
comma+ing modifier - not correct

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
the verb needs to be plural

(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is
same verb error as in D

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Re: Advanced SC: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 13:29
souvik101990 wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is



(A) include the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and is -- Correct; which comes right after the comma and modifies the noun right before it.
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing as big as 30 feet long and -- Incorrect use of -ing verb, changes the meaning
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale,growing up to 30 feet long and being -- Incorrect use of -ing verb, changes the meaning
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is -- includes is wrong
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale,which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is[/quote] -- includes is wrong

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Re: Advanced SC: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2015, 02:24
Quote:
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
you see "include" vs "includes". this is a singular/plural split, so you know that you should look for the subject of this verb.
looking back through the sentence, we see that "32 species" is the subject, and that a plural verb is thus required.
two ways to tell this:
(a) the desired verb is PARALLEL to "are closely related to whales". since these two verbs are connected by "and", they must have parallel grammar. since "are" is plural, we need another plural verb.
(b) "that make up the dolphin family" is a modifier and can therefore be excluded from our search for the subject. the only possible subject that's left, then, is "32 species".

this kills d/e.

--

REDUNDANCY

you don't say both "as big as..." and "long" in the same sentence. you can use only one of these words, both of which express the same idea (i.e., length or size).

this kills b/d.

--

-ING MODIFIER FOLLOWING COMMA

this type of modifier modifies the entire preceding clause.

this is illogical in the case of "growing up to 30 feet long", because the suggestion is that the 32 species of the dolphin family grow up to this long as a consequence of being closely related to whales, etc.

this is actually two problems. one, the modifier refers to the wrong agent/noun (the 32 species, rather than just the killer whale as intended), and, two, the "-ing" makes this modifier modify the entire clause rather than just a noun, a situation that makes no sense.

this kills b/c.

--

only (a) remains. there are other issues, too; for instance, the "and" at the end of (b) introduces false parallelism, "being" in (c) is problematic, and "it" in (e) violates parallelism.

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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 11:57
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

A. include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
B. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
C. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
D. includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
E. includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 5

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2017, 11:57
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