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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to

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Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 05:38
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.


(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and

This is the Correct answer. AS this sounds weird. But GMAT DON'T CARE ABOUT HOW A SENTENCE SOUND. :)

This one is the close answer. But look at the idiom : X as big as Y. growing as big as 30 feet long and famous
Famous is not parallel to growing. ( WRONG)

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being

and being famous: Meaning change. It seems like whale is getting famous by their own. So WRONG

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is

SVA: Includes: Singular. 32 species ( Plural) So WRONG

(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

SVA: Includes: Singular. 32 species ( Plural) So WRONG
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New post 21 Aug 2019, 04:16
1st split include/includes 32 species plural D,E - out
2nd growing/which - we use ing to modify verb B,C - out

Correct answer A
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Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2019, 07:30
Hello,

I get why A) is correct but can someone explain to me how do spot the parallelism in this problem correct?

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long [b]and is famous for[/b ]its aggressive hunting pods.

I was instantly looking for something similar to "to be ..." because I thought "grow to be" and ... have to have some kind of similarity.
"Famous" - is certainly an adjective, but to what is it parallel?
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New post 14 Oct 2019, 10:41
1
chrtpmdr wrote:
Hello,

I get why A) is correct but can someone explain to me how do spot the parallelism in this problem correct?

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long [b]and is famous for[/b ]its aggressive hunting pods.

I was instantly looking for something similar to "to be ..." because I thought "grow to be" and ... have to have some kind of similarity.
"Famous" - is certainly an adjective, but to what is it parallel?

Hi, parallelism is:

which
i) can grow....
and
ii) is....

Both are verbs.

In parallelism, don't look for word-on-word similarity.
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New post 31 Oct 2019, 20:31
" The 32 species " is followed by that...just wondering is use of that right here coz if its a relative pronoun than the 32 species must be singular..

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New post 31 Oct 2019, 20:56
Tushrgupta wrote:
" The 32 species " is followed by that...just wondering is use of that right here coz if its a relative pronoun than the 32 species must be singular..

Hi! All relative pronouns can refer to either singular or plural nouns.

So, both the following would be correct:

Michael, who is preparing for GMAT, is studying hard.
- Relative pronoun who referring to singular noun Michael.

Michael's friends, who are preparing for GMAT, are studying hard.
- Relative pronoun who referring to plural noun Michael's friends.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Relative Pronouns, their application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2019, 16:53
egmat wrote:
trunkz0711 wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to
be 30 feet long and is
famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is

(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

For option (B)

Please correct me if I'm wrong some where

Clauses
Cl1 32 species make up the dolphin family
Cl2 32 species that.... family are closely related(Verb1) to whales & in fact
include (Verb 2) the animal know as the killer whale,

Now we know that for the Verb-ing modifier
S V Object , -ing
-ing modifies whole preceding clause (DESCRIBE/RESULT) and not the preceding noun or the subject

As per the explaination in the OG for choice B
"Changing the verb to the participial growing
introduces ambiguity, because it could refer
backto the subject of the sentence
{32
species)."

1) Please help to clarify how can -ing modify(thus create amiguity) the subject and not the whole clause

2) For choice B
CL2 : 32 species <are closely related ...> & <include .....whale>,

mod1 <growing upto 30 feet> :

If we consider only this mod. would it be correct to say that it(such an -ing modifier) can meaningfully describe about the CL2 as a whole ?
would it make any sense here

Because it becomes confusing in few questions in which -ing is used to modify the preceding clause (whereas it made more sense to modify preceding noun by using relative pronoun)
(i.e can such cases of modifier be considered as a DESCRIPTION of the preceding clause)

(if possible Please explain with an example for this doubt )


Hi there,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

I am not sure what you mean to convey through the clause analysis. So here is how we would break the sentence with Choice B into clauses.

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

Cl. 1: The 32 species

Cl. 2: that make up the dolphin family

Cont. of Cl. 1: are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

So as highlighted, the first clause has two verbs "are related" and "include", and the second clause has one verb "make up".

Now the comma + verb-ing modifier "growing" modifies the preceding clause "The 32 species... are related... and include...." One thing to always keep in mind about the verb-ing modifiers is that they denote some action. That's why we call them "verb-ing" modifiers. The action that they denote must have a doer. Generally, the doer of the action denoted bu the "comma + verb-ing" modifiers is teh Subject of the modified clause.

In this case. the Subject of the modified clause is "The 32 species". Now ask yourself, do the 32 species grow as big as 30 feet long? Certainly not. This answer is absolutely illogical. So we see here that the action denoted by the "comma + verb-ing" modifier does not make sense with the Subject of the modified clause. Hence, use of "comma + verb-ing" is incorrect in Choice B.

You can read the following article for more information on this topic:
http://gmatclub.com/forum/usage-of-verb ... 35220.html

Hope this helps. :-)
Wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. :-)
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egmat

I know this post is old, but I wanted to ask something:

When it comes to the ing modifier set of by commas as in this example (did I use as correctly or was it supposed to be like? sorry for the question apart :D).

Now when it comes to these modifiers, can they in certain circumstances refer back to a noun that is not the subject? Or in such cases, it has to be either the subject or the entire clause?

Thanks :)
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Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2019, 23:07
philippi wrote:
in such cases, it has to be either the subject or the entire clause?

Not either or...there is an and relationship.

Such present participial phrases modify the subject of the preceding clause and have to present a result/describe the previous clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Present Participial Phrase, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2019, 23:07

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