Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

It is currently 17 Jul 2019, 19:46

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1329
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 May 2017, 18:46
1
marine wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: 750
Page: 699


The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

A. include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
B. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
C. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
D. includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
E. includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is


First Glance

The underline includes a comma followed by which, indicating possible Modifier or Meaning issues.

Issues

(1) Meaning: growing

Three answer choices contain the comma followed by which, the other two change to "comma -ing". Does the sentence require a noun modifier or an adverbial modifier?

What can grow or is growing? The killer whale. Because the noun killer whale already appears right before the comma, the sentence should use a noun modifier (which) after the comma. The adverbial modifier, growing, would modify the verb include, implying that the killer whale is growing as a result of the fact that the 32 species include them. This is illogical. Eliminate answers (B) and (C).

(2) Meaning: as big as

The five answers differ in their description of the whale's possible length:

(A) can grow to be 30 feet long
(B) growing as big as 30 feet long
(C) growing up to 30 feet long
(D) can grow as big as 30 feet long
(E) can grow to be 30 feet long

It is acceptable to say that something grows to be 30 feet long or up to 30 feet long. The third variation, however, is the wrong word choice (and redundant besides). It's incorrect to use as big as for a length; rather use as long as. However, even if the correct idiom had been used, this would make the full phrase as long as 30 feet long, which is redundant. Eliminate answers (B) and (D).

(3) Subject-Verb: includes

Answers (A), (B), and (C) start with the plural verb include; answers (D) and (E) begin with the singular includes. Which is correct?

Find the subject. The subject is not whales, nor is it the dolphin family. The subject is all the way at the beginning: species. This word is a little tricky, because the singular and plural versions are identical. Two clues indicate that species is plural in this sentence: the number 32 and the double-verb structure. The sentence reads: The 32 species are X and include Y. Eliminate answers (D) and (E) for using a singular verb.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (A) uses a plural verb to match the plural subject. It also correctly employs a noun modifier structure (comma followed by which) to provide additional information about the killer whales.
_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 929
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2017, 10:33
1
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

A. include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
B. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
C. include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
D. includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
E. includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is[/quote]
_________________
"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jan 2018
Posts: 154
Location: Taiwan
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GPA: 3.34
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2018, 22:30
1
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is
The subject here is "The 32 species", a plural subject.
Therefore, (D) & (E) are out, on the basis that they both use "includes", which refers to a singular noun.

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
In (B), growing is not modifying whales, instead it is modifying the preceding clause

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
Same error as in (B) "Correct me if I'm wrong"

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
include (correct verb usage)
, which can (correctly modify the killer whale)
can grow ... and is (parallelism)
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2855
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2018, 22:40
lary301254M7 wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is
The subject here is "The 32 species", a plural subject.
Therefore, (D) & (E) are out, on the basis that they both use "includes", which refers to a singular noun.

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
In (B), growing is not modifying whales, instead it is modifying the preceding clause

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
Same error as in (B) "Correct me if I'm wrong"

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
include (correct verb usage)
, which can (correctly modify the killer whale)
can grow ... and is (parallelism)




Hello lary301254M7,

I must say your analysis is very thorough. You talk about very precise errors in the sentence and explain them very thoroughly in a simple way.

You have done a great job with the analysis of this question as well. Your reason to reject choices B and C is absolutely correct.

Keep the good job. :thumbup:


Thanks. :-)
Shraddha
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 12 Jul 2018
Posts: 65
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20, NUS '21
GMAT 1: 420 Q26 V13
GMAT 2: 540 Q44 V21
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Nov 2018, 23:54
I was between A & B, unable to understand why is B incorrect.
_________________
Please press :thumbup: +1 Kudos to support
Keep your eyes on the prize: 750
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3070
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2018, 00:57
1
Quote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and

deddex wrote:
I was between A & B, unable to understand why is B incorrect.

Hi deddex , have you read the thread?

(B) leads to ambiguity.
(A) keeps the focus on the killer whale.

Some people call comma + which (grows) a "noun modifier." It is.

In (B):comma + participle
(comma + ___ING)
modifiers generally modify the entire previous clause, At the least "growing" would have to modify "species." Neither construction accords with the intended meaning.

We have ambiguity: what is growing? The species? The dolphin family?

By contrast, in (A)
comma + which
("which grows) can
modify only the immediately preceding noun, in this case, "the killer whale."

That reference is in accordance with the intended meaning.

Hope that helps.
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.


Tell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life? -- Mary Oliver
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4775
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2018, 01:29
1
1
Top Contributor
Another problem in B is with ' as big as 30 feet long. One can call it either " as big as 30 feet" or just 30 feet long, but not a combination of both big and long.
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Apr 2017
Posts: 6
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Dec 2018, 06:51
dushver wrote:
The fault that i find with the sentence is "grow to be". The fault is corrected by choices B and D. D is the most appropriate construction.


'Include' refers to Species' which is Plural. Hence, D is definitely wrong.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 497
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2019, 15:49
3
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the correct choice! First, here is the original question with any major differences highlighted in orange:

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

After a quick glance over the options, a few key differences jump out:

1. include vs. includes
2. which can grow vs. growing
3. and / and is / and being / and it is


Let's tackle #1 on our list first: include vs. includes. No matter which one we choose, we'll eliminate 2-3 options rather quickly. To start, we need to figure out what the verb "include/includes" is referring to:

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

Since the subject of the sentence is plural, and we also see that the writer used the plural verb "are" earlier on, we need to make sure that all verbs referring to it are also plural:

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

There you go - we can eliminate options D and E because they use a singular verb, which doesn't agree with the plural subject!

Now that we have it narrowed down to only 3 options, let's tackle #2 on our list: which can grow vs. growing. This is a case of making sure that we use the proper type of modifier to match up with its antecedent. Here is how that works:

Noun modifier = modifies a noun; must start with "which" or "that"
Adverbial modifier = modifies any phrase or word except a noun; starts with -ing verb

In this case, the modifier is supposed to modify the noun "the killer whale." Therefore, we MUST choose the options that use a noun modifier to match the antecedent (a noun). Here is how they break down:

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being

We're in luck - only one option used a noun modifier here! We can eliminate options B and C because they use adverbial modifiers to modify a noun, which doesn't match.

Option A is our correct choice because it uses the proper subject-verb agreement with "include," and it uses the correct form of modifier to modify the noun "the killer whale." We don't even need to tackle #3 on our list because we already narrowed it down to the correct choice.


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Aug 2018
Posts: 3
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2019, 13:17
I understood why B, C, D and E are incorrect, but in " which can grow" is modifying killer whale which is singular, so shouldn't it be "which can grows".
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 2854
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2019, 18:26
VishalGoyal wrote:
I understood why B, C, D and E are incorrect, but in " which can grow" is modifying killer whale which is singular, so shouldn't it be "which can grows".
We'll have to keep in mind that there is a can there.

A plant can grow.Plant is singular, but that doesn't affect the verb.
Plants can grow. ← With a can, the verb will remain the same whether the subject is singular or plural.

A plant can grows.
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Jul 2018
Posts: 13
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20
GMAT 1: 710 Q47 V41
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2019, 22:59
marine wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.


(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is

(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

[b]Practice Question
Question No.: 750
Page: 699

https://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/06/health/evidence-puts-dolphins-in-new-light-as-killers.html

Closely related to whales, the 32 species that make up the dolphin family (Delphinidae in scientific nomenclature) include killer whales, which grow up to 30 feet long and are famous for their aggressive hunting pods. But the rest are smaller. The common dolphin is up to 7 feet long, and the bottlenose, up to 12 feet. Many dolphins have a pronounced beak and all have a central dorsal fin and sharp teeth for feeding, mainly on squid and fish.



(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is - 'which' correctly modifies the preceding noun - the killer whale.

(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and - adverbial modifier 'growing' wrongly modifies the entire preceding clause, distorting the intended meaning.

(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being - Same as above.

(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is - S-V error.

(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is - Same as above.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 23 Jan 2018
Posts: 188
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
CAT Tests
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2019, 23:27
AjiteshArun , daagh and generis

Dear experts,

Don't we need which twice ?

which can grow to be 30 feet long and which is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

As per my understanding, can grow || is famous.

Please provide your suggestion.

Regards,
Arup
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4775
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2019, 23:49
1
Top Contributor
Arup

The inclusion of 'which' in the second arm is not part of any of the choices and therefore is out of scope for us. We must limit our analysis to end up with the best of the choices. That is the essence of GMAT.

Even academically, we are permitted to skip the subject for the second arm, if the subject of the first arm can be also the subject of the second arm.

Per se, the way to parse this part is ---
Quote:
Which( can grow to be 30 feet long) and (is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.);
the 'which stands as the common subject for both the phrases.
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 23 Jan 2018
Posts: 188
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
CAT Tests
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2019, 00:03
daagh wrote:
Arup

The inclusion of 'which' in the second arm is not part of any of the choices and therefore is out of scope for us. We must limit our analysis to end up with the best of the choices. That is the essence of GMAT.

Even academically, we are permitted to skip the subject for the second arm, if the subject of the first arm can be also the subject of the second arm.

Per se, the way to parse this part is ---
Quote:
Which( can grow to be 30 feet long) and (is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.);
the 'which stands as the common subject for both the phrases.


Thanks for the explanation. My understanding was that if we use a relative pronoun in one arm, for sake of parallelism and of conveying clear meaning we should use relative pronoun in second arm as well.

Regards,
Arup
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3070
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2019, 09:44
ArupRS wrote:
My understanding was that if we use a relative pronoun in one arm, for sake of parallelism and of conveying clear meaning we should use relative pronoun in second arm as well.

ArupRS , I am not sure whether the highlighted words are a followup question. I think that they are.

As daagh explained nicely, grammatically, no, the second pronoun is not required.

Although repetition is not required, if the first subordinate clause ([which] can grow to be 30 feet long)
were really long or complicated, we might need a second "which" for the sake of clarity. That choice is stylistic.

Finally, you may be thinking of the situation in which we have a verb followed by that
and the "second arm" needs to be tied back to the verb by repeating that.

The two sentences below are taken from an excellent post by GMATNinja that you can find here.
He discusses a circumstance in which we need to repeat the word that. He writes:

I believe that Santa Claus is real and that the Knicks will win the 2018 NBA title. :)
(Correct. The subordinate clauses are parallel and express the meaning properly.)

I believe that Santa Claus is real and the Knicks will win the 2018 NBA title. :(
(Not correct. Meaning is distorted. We need a second that. See the post for an explanation.)
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.


Tell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life? -- Mary Oliver
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Aug 2012
Posts: 87
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2019, 19:51
Isn't "grow to be" - weird ? The correct sentence should be "grow up to" right? I am really confused how A can be correct? Is it just because other options are more wrong?
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 15 Aug 2017
Posts: 37
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2019, 03:01
Can you help me understand why exactly B is wrong?
_________________
Do consider giving kudos :)
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56277
Re: The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2019, 03:04
1
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3070
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2019, 07:33
1
rashwiniyer wrote:
Isn't "grow to be" - weird ? The correct sentence should be "grow up to" right? I am really confused how A can be correct? Is it just because other options are more wrong?

rashwiniyer , no, "grow to be" is not weird, though if you are not a native speaker you might have heard only "grow up to be."

The phrase "grow up to be" typically is used to describe children.

She may grow up to be the first woman president of the United States.
He should grow up to be as athletic and well-proportioned as his father is.

This question is official. The answer is correct.
The sentence discusses what physical length a killer whale can be → can grow to be.

The prose in (A) is both correct and well-written.

You probably hit an unusual mental road bump.

Hope that helps.
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.


Tell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life? -- Mary Oliver
GMAT Club Bot
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2019, 07:33

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 41 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne