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# All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc

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All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 00:24
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (01:04) correct 55% (01:17) wrong based on 742 sessions

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All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year than that of a similar period a year earlier

(A) that of a similar period
(B) a similar period
(C) those of a similar period's
(D) during a similar period
(E) that during a similar period

Refer Official Guide 2018 : LINK
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All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 09:21
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sarathgopinath wrote:
I am not able to understand what differentiates D and E and why option E is wrong.

Consider first the following simpler example:
I have more confidence now than [I had] before... correct ( comparing periods (now and then) - same construction as the question. You may also see it as two clauses being compared.)
My confidence now is more than that before.... correct (comparing confidence with confidence)

In the question, the comparison is between two periods (or clauses), not between the occupancies of two periods.
Cities reported higher occupancy (in period x) than [they reported] (in/during period y). (comparing "period" with "period". You may also see it as two clauses being compared.)

The pronoun "that" (second copy of "occupany") would be required if the construction were as follows:
The cities reported that the occupancy in four months last year was higher than that during a similar period a year earlier. (comparing "occupancy" with "occupancy")
##### General Discussion
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 01:39
1
2
Hi,

All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year than that of a similar period a year earlier

A) that of a similar period
What does THAT stand for:- hotel occupancy? replace i the sentence and see if it makes sense

B) a similar period
Wrong comparison

C) those of a similar period's
Completely off track with use of THOSE and period'S

D) during a similar period
correctly formed dentence....
All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year than during a similar period a year earlier

E) that during a similar period
Same as choice A

D
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 05:33
I wonder what is wrong with E?

I am not very convinced with the explanation.
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 05:44
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rekhabishop wrote:
I wonder what is wrong with E?

I am not very convinced with the explanation.

Hi rekhabishop ,

Here we are comparing two time periods of a certain hotel occupancy.

'That' in E tells us that we are comparing Hotel occupancy in one period with the hotel occupancy of another period. This is making the actual meaning wrong.

D is clearly telling us that hotel occupancy of two periods has been compared. Hence, D is correct.

Did you notice the difference?
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 21:11
abhimahna wrote:
rekhabishop wrote:
I wonder what is wrong with E?

I am not very convinced with the explanation.

Hi rekhabishop ,

Here we are comparing two time periods of a certain hotel occupancy.

'That' in E tells us that we are comparing Hotel occupancy in one period with the hotel occupancy of another period. This is making the actual meaning wrong.

D is clearly telling us that hotel occupancy of two periods has been compared. Hence, D is correct.

Did you notice the difference?

Here we are actually comparing hotel occupancy of two time period... not two time periods alone ..

can some1 please clarify more
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 22:52
IMO it's E

The difference between D and E is whether we should include 'that' after than or not. As the comparison term higher is in front of hotel occupancy ('that') keeping that after than keeps it parallel. If the sentence structure would have been 'hotel occupancy was higher' , then 'than during.. ' is correct answer.

Option A is wrong because of the preposition 'of' , during conveys the meaning clearly.

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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2017, 04:45
3
All major Canadian cities reported hotel occupancy significantly higher in the four months from June through September last year than during a similar period a year earlier

in this case D is an answer

but we have

All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year than that during a similar period a year earlier

so, here E is an answer
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2017, 07:27
1
3
Saha6812 wrote:
IMO it's E

The difference between D and E is whether we should include 'that' after than or not. As the comparison term higher is in front of hotel occupancy ('that') keeping that after than keeps it parallel. If the sentence structure would have been 'hotel occupancy was higher' , then 'than during.. ' is correct answer.

Option A is wrong because of the preposition 'of' , during conveys the meaning clearly.

Sent from my BLN-L22 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

In comparison type questions, it is recommeneded to first identify one element of the comparison (generally the first is easier to identify). Here the first element can be considered either of the following:
1. a clause: All major Canadian cities reported....
OR
2. an adverbial phrase: in the four months ...

If 1. is considered the first element, then there should be a clause in the second element, and the correct answer would be:
...than (they reported) during a similar period a year earlier.
If 2. is considered the first element, then then there should be an adverbial phrase / adverb in the second element, and the correct answer would be:
...than during a similar period a year earlier (option D).

A pronoun in the second element does not fit in any case. Option E is wrong because an adverbial phrase / a clause is wrongly compared with a pronoun ("that").
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2017, 09:19
haardiksharma wrote:
All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year thanthat of a similar period a year earlier

A) that of a similar period
B) a similar period
C) those of a similar period's
D) during a similar period
E) that during a similar period

lets understand the meaning of the sentence...
the activity during period from one year is compared with activity during period from another year here...

A--- 'that of' is not required

B--activity during one period is compared wiht another period..

C.--those is not required....

D-- right comparison

E,,,illogical comparison

ans D
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2017, 11:33
sayantanc2k wrote:
Saha6812 wrote:
IMO it's E

The difference between D and E is whether we should include 'that' after than or not. As the comparison term higher is in front of hotel occupancy ('that') keeping that after than keeps it parallel. If the sentence structure would have been 'hotel occupancy was higher' , then 'than during.. ' is correct answer.

Option A is wrong because of the preposition 'of' , during conveys the meaning clearly.

Sent from my BLN-L22 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

In comparison type questions, it is recommeneded to first identify one element of the comparison (generally the first is easier to identify). Here the first element can be considered either of the following:
1. a clause: All major Canadian cities reported....
OR
2. an adverbial phrase: in the four months ...

If 1. is considered the first element, then there should be a clause in the second element, and the correct answer would be:
...than (they reported) during a similar period a year earlier.
If 2. is considered the first element, then then there should be an adverbial phrase / adverb in the second element, and the correct answer would be:
...than during a similar period a year earlier (option D).

A pronoun in the second element does not fit in any case. Option E is wrong because an adverbial phrase / a clause is wrongly compared with a pronoun ("that").

We are comparing the noun "hotel occupancy" with pronoun "that" .. isn't it?

Sent from my BLN-L22 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2017, 20:36
1
I am not able to understand what differentiates D and E and why option E is wrong.
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 20:48
1
2
haardiksharma wrote:
All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year than that of a similar period a year earlier.

(A) that of a similar period

(B) a similar period

(C) those of a similar period's

(D) during a similar period

(E) that during a similar period

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

This problem directly tests parallelism in a comparison: when drawing a comparison, the items being compared must be logically (the proverbial "apples to apples" comparison) and grammatically parallel.

Choice B commits the most common type of comparison error: it's comparing occupancy to "a similar period" last year. You cannot compare "occupancy" to "period," so B is incorrect.

Choices A, C, and E all try to correct that error using a possessive (that of, those of, 's, etc.), but in doing so still fail to draw a logical, parallel comparison. What is being possessed by the period? The comparison begins with "Canadian cities reported...", which is not possession, so the possessive choices are all incorrect.

Choice D draws a proper comparison. With the verbiage in B, you have:

Canadian cities reported higher hotel occupancy:

1) in this period

than

2) during a similar period last year

Note that each portion is logically equivalent (you're comparing period to period) and grammatically equivalent (each has a preposition - "in" or "during" - and then describes the period). For this reason, choice D is correct.
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2018, 04:51
What are we comparing. Is it not the occupancy. The point should be, we are comparing "Occupancy of some time" with "Occupancy for present time". The answer should be A.
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2018, 03:09
Saha6812 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Saha6812 wrote:
IMO it's E

The difference between D and E is whether we should include 'that' after than or not. As the comparison term higher is in front of hotel occupancy ('that') keeping that after than keeps it parallel. If the sentence structure would have been 'hotel occupancy was higher' , then 'than during.. ' is correct answer.

Option A is wrong because of the preposition 'of' , during conveys the meaning clearly.

Sent from my BLN-L22 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

In comparison type questions, it is recommeneded to first identify one element of the comparison (generally the first is easier to identify). Here the first element can be considered either of the following:
1. a clause: All major Canadian cities reported....
OR
2. an adverbial phrase: in the four months ...

If 1. is considered the first element, then there should be a clause in the second element, and the correct answer would be:
...than (they reported) during a similar period a year earlier.
If 2. is considered the first element, then then there should be an adverbial phrase / adverb in the second element, and the correct answer would be:
...than during a similar period a year earlier (option D).

A pronoun in the second element does not fit in any case. Option E is wrong because an adverbial phrase / a clause is wrongly compared with a pronoun ("that").

We are comparing the noun "hotel occupancy" with pronoun "that" .. isn't it?

Sent from my BLN-L22 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Can someone please help me with this, i too have this same question in my mind
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2018, 19:44
1
It is not the occupancy that we are comparing. it is the occupancy during a time period which we are comparing.
Its not occupancy of x compared with occupancy of y.
The comparison here is occupancy during x with during y
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2018, 18:31
haardiksharma wrote:
All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupancy in the four months from June through September last year than that of a similar period a year earlier

(A) that of a similar period
(B) a similar period
(C) those of a similar period's
(D) during a similar period
(E) that during a similar period

Refer Official Guide 2018 : LINK

Please correct my thought process, if you believe I have made any mistakes:

A) That has no logical antecedent
B) you cannot compare "hotel occupancy during 4 months" to a "period"
C) Only logical antecedents for those is "cities" or "months" if we plug it in we have "cities of a similar period's occupancy" or "months of a similar period's occupancy". You cannot compare hotel occupancy cities or months, so this is incorrect.
D) Correct
E) Use of that here creates a fragment (if that represents a subordinating conjunction). Otherwise I don't know what That is doing here.
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Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2019, 23:33
‘that’ in A is ambiguous, does not have a clear antecedent. ‘a similar period’ in B is the wrong comparison, the occupancy is supposed to be compared, not the period itself. E has the same problem as A. C uses ‘those’, which is plural, in relation to ‘occupancy’ which is singular.

D is the right answer.
Re: All major Canadian cities reported significantly higher hotel occupanc   [#permalink] 10 Feb 2019, 23:33
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