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Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i

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Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 784

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.

(A) a similar period
(B) a similar period’s
(C) in a similar period
(D) that in a similar period
(E) that of a similar period
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 18:54
Can anyone explain why answer is C not D?

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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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AbdurRakib wrote:
Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
A. a similar period
B. a similar period’s
C. in a similar period
D. that in a similar period
E. that of a similar period


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 784



Hi

What are we comparing ...
Positioning of circulation as part of 'lower circulation' should get you close to the answer..

So we are comparing circulation in TWO periods..

1) A and B wrongly compare a period directly to the circulation...
2) C and D get the preposition in to make a prepositional phrase..

Now in D what does THAT stand for- lower circulation. Substitute for THAT and see if the sentence makes sense.

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than lower circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

So what we do is - compare two periods as part of prepositional phrase...
" in the six months....." Is parallel to " in similar period ...."

Ans C
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 08:03
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The structure looks like

Had lower circulation in X than in Y.

Kudos if you like it.

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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 22:48
Imo C
Comparison should be between a period of six months from October 1995 through March 1996 to a period in the previous year .
Hence we need in to correctly imply 6 months of previous year
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 09:54
chetan2u wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
A. a similar period
B. a similar period’s
C. in a similar period
D. that in a similar period
E. that of a similar period


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 784



Hi

What are we comparing ...
Positioning of circulation as part of 'lower circulation' should get you close to the answer..

So we are comparing circulation in TWO periods..

1) A and B wrongly compare a period directly to the circulation...
2) C and D get the preposition in to make a prepositional phrase..

Now in D what does THAT stand for- lower circulation. Substitute for THAT and see if the sentence makes sense.

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than lower circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

So what we do is - compare two periods as part of prepositional phrase...
" in the six months....." Is parallel to " in similar period ...."

Ans C


Wondering if "that" in D points to "circulation".
Wouldn't the following be correct?
Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than circulation in a similar period a year earlier.
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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[quote="AbdurRakib"]Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
A. a similar period
B. a similar period’s
C. in a similar period
D. that in a similar period
E. that of a similar period


D- Is wrong because when comparison term - "circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996" comes after comparison verb - "had" then noun copies - that/those are not required.

Similar example:
- Wild animals have less total fat than livestock animals. "total fat" comes after "have"
- According to X, more babies were born to women over 30 years of age than under 30 years of age. "women over 30 years of age" comes after "were"
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
A. a similar period
B. a similar period’s
C. in a similar period
D. that in a similar period
E. that of a similar period
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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chetan2u wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
A. a similar period
B. a similar period’s
C. in a similar period
D. that in a similar period
E. that of a similar period


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 784



Hi

What are we comparing ...
Positioning of circulation as part of 'lower circulation' should get you close to the answer..

So we are comparing circulation in TWO periods..

1) A and B wrongly compare a period directly to the circulation...
2) C and D get the preposition in to make a prepositional phrase..

Now in D what does THAT stand for- lower circulation. Substitute for THAT and see if the sentence makes sense.

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than lower circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

So what we do is - compare two periods as part of prepositional phrase...
" in the six months....." Is parallel to " in similar period ...."

Ans C
still not clear why "that" cant refer to "circuation" instead of "lower circulation"
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 23:45
@mikemcgarry: Can you please comment why C not D.
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 00:56
Experts please help me with this. Why option D is wrong and C correct? Does that not refer to lower circulation?
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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bpiyush wrote:
Experts please help me with this. Why option D is wrong and C correct? Does that not refer to lower circulation?


Hi bpiyush ,

Try to replace 'that' with lower circulation and read the sentence again.

It will be like :

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than lower circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

Are you comparing two lower circulations?? Or are you saying circulation in one period was lower than in another period?

Try to read the sentence I have written slowly, you will be able to see what I am trying to convey.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 13:14
abhimahna wrote:

Try to replace 'that' with lower circulation and read the sentence again.

It will be like :

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than lower circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

Are you comparing two lower circulations?? Or are you saying circulation in one period was lower than in another period?

Try to read the sentence I have written slowly, you will be able to see what I am trying to convey.

Does that make sense?


@abhimahna:why we are replacing that with lower circulation and not circulation. I tried replacing that with circulation abd the sentence sounded like:
Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 22:12
@Experts, Please help with this: Why option D is wrong and C correct?
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Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.

(A) a similar period
(B) a similar period’s
(C) in a similar period
(D) that in a similar period
(E) that of a similar period

The key thing is :WHAT is being compared??

INCORRECT Answer : circulations in one time period WITH circulation in another time period.
CORRECT Answer : (in) some time period WITH (in) another time period

The elements that are actually compared are :

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had
lower circulation
in the six months from October 1995.....
THAN
in a similar period.

Mathematically : lower circulation (in the six months ...THAN in a similar ....)

Hope it helps! :)
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Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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DH99 wrote:
@Experts, Please help with this: Why option D is wrong and C correct?


The correct comparisons are as follows:

Structure 1:
Comparing "circulation" with "circulation" - The circulation in period X is more than the circulation in period Y. OR The circulation in period X is more than that in period Y.

Structure 2:
Comparing 2 periods - The circulation is more in period X than in period Y. In this case the use of "that" to replace "circulation" would be incorrect.

The subject sentence has the structure 2.
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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sayantanc2k wrote:
DH99 wrote:
@Experts, Please help with this: Why option D is wrong and C correct?


The correct comparisons are as follows:

Structure 1:
Comparing "circulation" with "circulation" - The circulation in period X is more than the circulation in period Y. OR The circulation in period X is more than that in period Y.

Structure 2:
Comparing 2 periods - The circulation is more in period X than in period Y. In this case the use of "that" to replace "circulation" would be incorrect.

The subject sentence has the structure 2.


But how can we know this?
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2017, 09:24
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 784

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.

(A) a similar period
(B) a similar period’s
(C) in a similar period
(D) that in a similar period
(E) that of a similar period


this is very hard problem. a basic and hard grammar situation gmat want to test us
I will try to write something.

in comparision pattern, the two elements compared must be paralel , in form and in meaning. the two elements must be in the same grammatical roles in each of two parts of comparision

if the fist element is adverb, the second adverb. if the first element is adjective, the second element adjjective.

in C, "in the six months ...." is adverb, the second " in a similar period " must be adverb. this is correct in choice C
in D, "in the similar period" is not an adverb but a adjective modifying "that=circulaation". this is wrong

the circulation in this six months is higher than that in the same period last year.

is correct because
"in this six moths " and "in the same period last year " both are adjective.

if we understand this situation, we can beat this type of situation in the test room.

do you agree with me?

it takes me a long hour to figure out this thing.
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2017, 10:40
chetan2u wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.
A. a similar period
B. a similar period’s
C. in a similar period
D. that in a similar period
E. that of a similar period


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 784


Hi

What are we comparing ...
Positioning of circulation as part of 'lower circulation' should get you close to the answer..

So we are comparing circulation in TWO periods..

1) A and B wrongly compare a period directly to the circulation...
2) C and D get the preposition in to make a prepositional phrase..

Now in D what does THAT stand for- lower circulation. Substitute for THAT and see if the sentence makes sense.

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than lower circulation in a similar period a year earlier.

So what we do is - compare two periods as part of prepositional phrase...
" in the six months....." Is parallel to " in similar period ...."

Ans C


Thanks chetan2u. Great explanation. I tend to have problems with sentences that test comparisons. Does the strategy of dropping in the comparison like this apply to all those tested on the GMAT? In this case we would drop in the comparison for the relative noun marker, but does it always work that way?

Thanks again.
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Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i [#permalink]

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Option D would be correct if the sentence construction was - “The circulation of country’s biggest daily newspapers in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 was lower than that in a similar period a year earlier.

Here the subject of the clause is "Circulation", So the pronoun that replaces the subject "circulation" and the comparision seems to be logical as the entities being compared are the circulations in two different periods.

However the sentence structure in the question under discussion is different.

Newspapers had lower circulation in the period X than (they had) in period Y.

Here is a similar question and option C is the right answer.

In no other historical sighting did Halley's Comet
cause such a worldwide sensation as did its return in
1910-1911.
(A) did its return in 1910-1911
(B) had its 1910-1911 return
(C) in its return of 1910-1911
(D) its return of 1910-1911 did
(E) its return in 1910-1911
Re: Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation i   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2017, 08:01

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