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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first

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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2007, 07:25
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A
B
C
D
E

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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was

(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were

(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being

(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2012, 06:30
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Some rules that pertain to the use of "WHICH" :

Rule 1 - "WHICH" should always refer to a NOUN. It MUST NOT refer to an idea of the preceeding clause.
E.g : He agreed to a compromise about the sum of money owed to him , which brought an end to the bitter fued.

This is WRONG.
"which" is trying to refer to the action of compromise. This is not allowed in La La GMAT land.


Rule 2 - "which" needs to be preceded by a comma (NO EXCEPTIONS. On the other hand "that" must not be preceded by a comma).

Rule 3 - "which" can sometimes jump over nouns that are embedded in prepositional phrases )

E.g : I bought a carved piece of wood, which was once used by King James. (CORRECT)
I bought a carved piece of wood in 2012, which was once used by King James (WRONG)
I bought a piece of furniture in 2012, which was the year that my daughter was born (CORRECT)


In the first example, the prepositional phrase "of wood" describes the "Carved piece" . Hence, the "which" is allowed to jump over the preceding noun,which is "wood".

In the second example, the prepositional phrase "in 2012" doesn't describe the piece of furniture. Instead the "2012" serves as extra information about the purchase.
Hence , "which" is NOT allowed to jump over 2012

Remember, these rules can be a little bit confusing. Just remember that sometimes "which" can jump over subjects in prepositional phrases. Then attack the answer choices
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2007, 07:36
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I will go with B. It avoids the subject-verb error which other sentences have when using "was" with "hearings".
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2007, 07:47
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subhen wrote:
I will go with B. It avoids the subject-verb error which other sentences have when using "was" with "hearings".


Thanks, You are right, B!

I'm wondering why "NOT UNTIL" as in C is not the right answer... Anything remarkable about this idiom, or it's just the problem with the context that "not until" doesn't fit in?
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2007, 07:58
This is a very good conceptual question guys.

OK option B is correct. But llok at "which" in option B> iT doesnt refers to Nixon but "hearings"

This was another question from brutal SC discussed a few days back

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... rs+effects


Moral of the story: : "which" may not refer to the noun that immediately precedes it("which").

Just for all our consumption and please correct me if this is not correct :-D
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Re: SC :Barbara  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2008, 07:29
1
A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was -> it is not referred clearly
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was -> wordy

C
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2009, 19:43
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solidcolor wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was

B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were

C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being

E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was


"Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives" This modifier should refer to "Barbara Jordan" and therefore "Barbara Jordan" should immediately follow. Therefore A, C and E out. Between B and D, D was is incorrectly referring to hearings. so left with B
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2010, 23:39
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solidcolor wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was


The modifier is modifying Barbara, so eliminate A.
then also later is wordy So eliminate D and E
C has modifier issues.

B is correct
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2011, 03:59
1
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives
, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

Not convinced by the oa. I think something is missing. Can some correct me if i have the right sc here. Apologies if i dont.


Hi Ajit,
The part of the sentence highlighted in red here acts as a modifier which is supposed to modify a noun. In GMAT it is always preferred to have a modifier and noun close together. Hence Barbara jordan is supposed to immediately follow the clause 'Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives'. With this our choices will narrow down to B and E. E is wrong due to subject verb disagreement.
Hearings-Plural
Was-Singular
B correctly uses 'were' instead of 'was'.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2011, 17:07
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B definitely... her name needs to come in after that second comma... to show who the pronoun "she" belongs to from the first clause.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2012, 06:47
1
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was


2 Rules to be kept in mind

Rule 1 - Keep modifiers close to the thing that they are trying to modify
Although she "BLAH" BLAH BLAH, Barbara Jordan......until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon

[*]"Barbara Jordan" needs to be placed immediately after the first modifier that starts with "Although...."
[*]The modifier "when she participated ...blah blah blah " modifies 1974,,,,

Try to keep modifiers close to the things that they are trying to modify. Many times, if we compare the answer choices, we can see that modifiers are being moved around

Rule 2 - To determine the subject associated to [b]which , we have to identify the noun that "which" refers to [/b]
In this case, we have 3 prep phrases

[*]in the hearings
[*]on the impeachment
[*]of President nixon

Now the question is what "does" which refer to. Were the hearings televised nationwide ? or was the impeachment televised nationwide. ?

The which refers to "hearings", the other prep phrases describe the "hearings"

.....when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2012, 07:37
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2012, 07:38
@hafizkarim, you are absolutely right in terms of your understanding of "which" modifiers. In fact the fact that "which" modifier can modify slightly far away noun is something that students often ignore. I would suggest that people who are confused about this aspect of "which" modifiers and "other noun" modifiers as well read this article.

In this article we have included several more official sentences in which such modification works perfectly fine. Also, we have included cases in which such modification is not correct.

Hope this helps.

Regards,

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2012, 06:35
Quote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was


The sentence is fundamentally wrong because the part of the sentence before the first COMMA is talking about a person (SHE) being in the senate and in the house of representatives bla bla bla ... What should ideally follow after the comma should be the name of the person that the first part (before the comma) is referring to as ideally they should touch each other.

Going by this line of reasoning , we can eliminate A , C and D.

Focusing on the remaining two choices B and E , we can clearly see that E although partially correct ends with WAS TELEVISED .... , when we should ideally be using WERE TELEVISED because.. well we are talking about an event which took place earlier ... Therefore B is the only choice which meets both the criteria i.e. puts barbara follows the first comma , and ends the underlined portion with WERE ...
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2013, 23:05
Well this is the option B:-

later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were

After the 'when' in the sentence it is a beginning of a new clause hence new subject and a new verb.

Hence the sentence is like this:- She participated in the hearings - wherein hearings is the object of the sentence and 'on the impeachment of President RIchard Nixon' is modifying the hearings.

Hence, which were is the correct modifier for hearings and not Richard Nixon.

inmania is right, a small modifier or modifying phrase can be between two clauses.

That is known as the Mission Critical Modifier.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2013, 23:46
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solidcolor wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was


B is correct.

The structure is:

Although she......................., ==> we must use Barbara after the comma ==> Narrow down to B & E.

E is wrong because of "then also later" is redundant.

Only B is correct
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2013, 01:37
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was ( Referent to she is missing; In correct comparison(although x,y); it- hearings on impeachment - plural)
(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were -- Correct
(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was(Incorrect comparison [Although x,y];hearings on impeachment - plural)
(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being(Incorrect comparison [Although x,y])
(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was( hearings on impeachment - plural)

Correct me if I am wrong somewhere
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2013, 06:23
Dissecting the question in and out to get the concepts tested, cleared. :evil: I got this one wrong on GMATPrep and was the costliest mistake of that test. :x (It was one of the few questions I got wrong from the start; I was heavily penalized) :shock: :(

Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

(A) later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
[
1.With possessive form of Noun used i.e. Barbara Jordan’s and hence subject(1st person pronoun) she has poor or incorrect usage;
2. incorrect usage of "it" having no defined referent;
]

(B) later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
[
1. 'which were' correctly refers to 'hearings'. Prepositional phrases which cant be re positioned any where in the clause is correctly used here and hence in such case on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, is ignored; There for we have 'when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were'.
2. She is clearly referring to Barbara Jordan.
]

(C) later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
[
1. Using the pointers from B, which was is S-V error.
2. 'it' in the above clause does not have a clear referent; also the clause 'it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became...' should begin with Barbara Jordan
]

(D) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
[
1. usage of as is wrong. 'as' followed by a clause is used to present comparisons or present simultaneous action, which is not the case here.
2. 'being' alert!!!
3. 'not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan...' is incorrect because it should start with Barbara Jordan because of the preceding clause, which is a long noun modifier.
]


(E) then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
[
1. 'which was' is again wrong and presents a S-V error because 'which' clause refers to hearings and hence needs a plural verb.
]


With such a detailed dissection I hope I wont repeat my mistake in GMAT.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2013, 02:47
Guys.. I ve seen somewhere structure "It was not until 1974 that Barabara became" as right one.

I believe the reason for eliminating 'C' is "Which was" part that should be "Which were".

Please correct me if wrong. It would be helpful. :-) Thanks a lot friends.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2013, 05:24
This is a good one. Not very tough, but tricky. The key to sentence correction questions is to see the big picture by eliminating fluff. Although the question stem is pretty long, one can eliminate the "fluff" words.

Let me reproduce the first part of the question stem.
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until ..blah blah blah....more blah...

The question stem introduces a modifier clause which contains the pronoun "She". One would expect to see the noun that is being referred by the modifier "She", in the statement that immediately follows the modifier clause...

Only answer choices (B) and (E) introduce the person who is being talked about....

Let's deep dive into (B) and (E). Let's scan (E) to see if we can catch a break by identifying an obvious error.

"....then also later in the United States House of Representatives..."
..."then also later ?"... Voila...Clearly the "then also" is redundant. There is no need to analyse the remaining part of the sentence. (E) can be instantly eliminated.

Now let's deep dive into (B)..The complete sentence is reproduced below..

Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were televised nationwide.

[*] This sentence starts of by introducing a "she". The fragment after the first comma then breaks the suspense by revealing the name of the protagonist, ie Barbara Jordan.
[*]..... Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when..... --> The when clearly refers to 1972..no problems here.
[*] ....when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were televised nationwide---> Ok this is interesting. The "which-should-kiss-the-noun-rule" states that the "which" should immediately succeed the noun that the "which" refers to .

E.g : I like the blue colored designer shirt, which John wore to the party yesterday --> the "which" here kisses the noun. i.e "Shirt".


Back to the question.
In this case, the noun that immediately precedes the "which" happens to be "Richard Nixon". Hmmmm.....what is going on here ? especially as "Which [color=#2e3192]were" implies that the which is trying to refer to a noun that is plural.

It so happens, that this statement is one of those exceptions to the "which-should-kiss-the-noun-rule. The "which" here refers clearly refers to "hearings". "Which" can sometimes refer to a noun that is positionally situated a few words away. Usually this scenario occurs when the fragment that preceeds the "Which" is a prepositional clause. See some of my other posts that tackle this matter in detail.


Confused ? Dont be
Just remember that 90% of the time, the "which" should kiss the noun. But in exceptional scenarios, the "which" can refer to a noun that is a few words ahead.



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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first &nbs [#permalink] 02 Oct 2013, 05:24

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