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American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy

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American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Jan 2019, 05:07
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A
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C
D
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Question Stats:

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American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.


(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany

(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure

(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure

(D) up to two times what West Germans expended

(E) up to double the West German expenditure

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Originally posted by maheshsrini on 19 Apr 2010, 03:38.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Jan 2019, 05:07, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2010, 09:56
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maheshsrini wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.
(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure

I found this question in the Sc 1000 series. Could somebody post the answer with the explanation and information about the general usage of twice vs double vs two times?


IMO A.

Clues:
1. As much as is correct idiom usage here and showing correct comparison.
2. Parallelism is followed b/w energy expanded in US and energy expanded in West Geramany.
3. TWICE is correct form as compared to DOUBLE.
4. UP TO usage is awkward.
5. Possesive noun Germany’s is not || with US, so B and C are out.
6. Here the comparison is b/w US and West Germany not the West German or West Germans. So, D and E are out.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2010, 14:32
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TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure
what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


Energy in a. B refers to expenditure but should refer to energy.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2010, 21:43
A it is.

The complete sentence should read:
"The energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended per unit of production in West Germany."


In A, "the energy" is replaced by "that". "per unit of production" is understood and omitted.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2010, 21:43
comparing A and B ....B is wordier ...in A it is already implied that this energy is from the expenditure ....so explicitly mentioning it in B is redundant
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2014, 02:44
TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure
what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


I want to talk more of this problem though it is not official one

the rule of ellipsis is that
- the cut off part must be present in the previous part
- the remaining part must be paralel to a phrase in the previous part so that it is clear in meaning or the remaining part must be clear in meaning but dose not need to be parallel. we need a parallelism here to make a clear meaning. of course, if both choices are clear in meaning, the choice which is parallel is possiblly considered better.


in b,c and e, energy is compared to expenditure. this is not logic

the problem in a is that a dose not meet the the 2nd standard above. the remaing part is not parallel to a phrase somewhere. there is no "expended in the us" . moreover, "expended in germany" is not clear in meaning. so this phrase is not correct.

even choice D is not clear in meaning. "what" is not clearly energy.

this question is not good. it is presented for us to discuss about comparison and ellipsis.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2017, 08:02
Hi Expert,

Please provide the reasoning to reject all the incorrect choices. I have gone through the existing posts but could not understand anything.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Feb 2017, 11:52
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American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany === the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended in West Germany. ----Correct structure

(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure ===; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended in West Germany's expenditure. We can see the miscarried meaning in the highlighted phrase.

(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure ---,two times is not an acceptable synonym for twice in describing quantum.

(D) up to two times what West Germans expended -- structurally also the sentence is unparallel with a passive voice in one part and an active voice in the compared factor.
(E) up to double the West German expenditure-- 'double' is mostly used as a verb; in this context 'double' is used as a noun.
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Originally posted by daagh on 01 Feb 2017, 12:45.
Last edited by daagh on 02 Feb 2017, 11:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2017, 12:49
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AR15J wrote:
Hi Expert,

Please provide the reasoning to reject all the incorrect choices. I have gone through the existing posts but could not understand anything.


In addition to daagh sir's points, please note the following errors purely due to comparison issues:

A. Correct.
The energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that (energy) expended in West Germany.

The energy expended in USA is twice the energy expended in USA. The blue and the pink parts are parallel. ( Energy compared to energy)

B. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
The pronoun "that" does not have an antecedent. ("energy of expenditure" does not make any sense.)

C. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is two times of West Germany’s expenditure.
Energy is wrongly compared to expenditure.

D. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is two times what West Germans expended.
A noun ("energy") is wrongly compared to a clause ("what West Germans expended").

E. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is double the West German expenditure.
Energy is wrongly compared to expenditure.
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2018, 10:18
Here " the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended in West Germany " is the correct sentence. Only A has this structure. Other answer choices compare energy and expenditure
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Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy &nbs [#permalink] 18 Apr 2018, 10:18
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