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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered

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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Sep 2013, 04:47
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Originally posted by eyunni on 13 Jul 2007, 08:37.
Last edited by mau5 on 20 Sep 2013, 04:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2011, 04:56
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Here the basic question is one of deciding between ‘to keep from’ and ‘to keep it from’. When we say that somebody does something to keep from being done, it might very well read that he does for himself rather than for any other. For e.g.

Tom hid the car to keep from being taken by the police; what is feared to be taken by the police? Is it the car or is it Tom? It is rather hazy. Here the lack of the object pronoun ‘it’ renders the plausibility that Tom hid to save himself. Similarly in the given text, the lack of the pronoun gives a twist that the chalice was probably buried by itself, rather a wrong premise. Hence for the sake of precision, the pronoun ‘it’ becomes necessary.

C is also to be rejected on the ground that the chalice was trying to avoid being stolen.

So, C, the precise answer without any distortion and verbosity is right.
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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 15:13
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Between B and C, B is my choice


B) ... a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to keep it from being stolen ...

C) ...a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to avoid being stolen...

Please note how effectively I got rid of irrelevant modifiers and other sentence parts(distractors); this helps isolate the problem.
"to keep.." phrase is an adverbial phrase(answers the question Why?).
Now, what is being stolen?; here, C is not just ambiguous, it is meaningless. We need a noun or pronoun to precede "being stolen"
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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2010, 21:08
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B.

A sounds as if chalice itself is keeping from being stolen.
C also sounds as if chalice itself is avoiding.
D unidiomatic and wordy
E redundant and wordy and same flaw in its meaning as A
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 15:54
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from(what was kept form being stolen? a pronoun should be used here)
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid (who or what is avoiding?)
(D) in order that it would avoid(the chalice whould avoid? not chalice itself should be avoided from being stolen)
(E) in order to keep from ( same as A)
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2017, 21:18
OE: The phrase to keep from being stolen is incomplete and does not indicate what might be stolen. Inserting a pronoun makes it clear that it is the chalice that might be stolen.

B is correct - The sentence is clarified by inserting the word it, which refers back to chalice.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 08:51
Problem in original sentence is that
it can be read either as - the person who hid the Chalice buried it to keep HIMSELF from being stolen by invader.
Or as - the person who hid the chalice buried it to keep it from being stolen by invader.

To avoid ambiguity we need IT.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2017, 01:46
Hello hammerofodin,

Thank you for reaching out to me through a PM. :-)

Quote:
Even though I read all comments, it still does not make 100% sense for me.

Kindly, can you provide me similiar examples about usage?



Read the original sentence very carefully. The way it is worded, it is difficult to say who was being protected from being stolen - the chalice or the person who buried it.

Yes, I agree that it does not make sense to say that a person was buried to keep from being stolen. However, among the five answer choices, there is an answer choice that explicitly uses the pronoun it to make it absolutely clear that the intention was to keep the chalice from being stolen, and hence it was buried.

The answer choice that leaves no scope for any kind of ambiguity is always superior than the other choices.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2018, 11:33
We may actually see this by replacing each answer option in the original sentence.

Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

Quote:
(A) to keep from
Original Sentence.
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
Who kept chalice from being stolen????? Did Chalice keep itself? Meaning is distorted....
Quote:
(B) to keep it from
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried to keep it(chalice)from being stolen by invaders.
The pronoun makes it much clearer, that someone else kept chalice somewhere to prevent from being stolen.
Quote:
(C) to avoid
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried to avoid being stolen by invaders.
Similar to A.
Quote:
(D) in order that it would avoid
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried in order that it would avoid being stolen by invaders.
(E) in order to keep from
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried in order to keep from being stolen by invaders.
To wordy and awkward to be even considered as contestants.... B is the best option available.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 00:06
this is from old og books. dose it appear in new og book?

choice B, the official answer tell me a special pattern in which "to do" is not future action which will be done by subject

I learn gmat to go to us.
in this sentence, "to go to us" is future action the subject I will do
but in our sentence "to do" has no agent. no noun in the sentence will perform " to keep".
to keep it from being stolen, the think is burried.

this is special pattern. dose gmat test this point in the new og books. ?
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered &nbs [#permalink] 15 Oct 2018, 00:06
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