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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice

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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Jan 2019, 03:19
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Originally posted by eyunni on 13 Jul 2007, 09:37.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Jan 2019, 03:19, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2011, 05:56
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Here the basic question is one of deciding between ‘to keep from’ and ‘to keep it from’. When we say that somebody does something to keep from being done, it might very well read that he does for himself rather than for any other. For e.g.

Tom hid the car to keep from being taken by the police; what is feared to be taken by the police? Is it the car or is it Tom? It is rather hazy. Here the lack of the object pronoun ‘it’ renders the plausibility that Tom hid to save himself. Similarly in the given text, the lack of the pronoun gives a twist that the chalice was probably buried by itself, rather a wrong premise. Hence for the sake of precision, the pronoun ‘it’ becomes necessary.

C is also to be rejected on the ground that the chalice was trying to avoid being stolen.

So, C, the precise answer without any distortion and verbosity is right.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2015, 16:03
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 16:13
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Between B and C, B is my choice


B) ... a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to keep it from being stolen ...

C) ...a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to avoid being stolen...

Please note how effectively I got rid of irrelevant modifiers and other sentence parts(distractors); this helps isolate the problem.
"to keep.." phrase is an adverbial phrase(answers the question Why?).
Now, what is being stolen?; here, C is not just ambiguous, it is meaningless. We need a noun or pronoun to precede "being stolen"
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2010, 22:08
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B.

A sounds as if chalice itself is keeping from being stolen.
C also sounds as if chalice itself is avoiding.
D unidiomatic and wordy
E redundant and wordy and same flaw in its meaning as A
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 16:54
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from(what was kept form being stolen? a pronoun should be used here)
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid (who or what is avoiding?)
(D) in order that it would avoid(the chalice whould avoid? not chalice itself should be avoided from being stolen)
(E) in order to keep from ( same as A)
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2017, 22:18
OE: The phrase to keep from being stolen is incomplete and does not indicate what might be stolen. Inserting a pronoun makes it clear that it is the chalice that might be stolen.

B is correct - The sentence is clarified by inserting the word it, which refers back to chalice.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 09:51
Problem in original sentence is that
it can be read either as - the person who hid the Chalice buried it to keep HIMSELF from being stolen by invader.
Or as - the person who hid the chalice buried it to keep it from being stolen by invader.

To avoid ambiguity we need IT.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2017, 02:46
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Hello hammerofodin,

Thank you for reaching out to me through a PM. :-)

Quote:
Even though I read all comments, it still does not make 100% sense for me.

Kindly, can you provide me similiar examples about usage?



Read the original sentence very carefully. The way it is worded, it is difficult to say who was being protected from being stolen - the chalice or the person who buried it.

Yes, I agree that it does not make sense to say that a person was buried to keep from being stolen. However, among the five answer choices, there is an answer choice that explicitly uses the pronoun it to make it absolutely clear that the intention was to keep the chalice from being stolen, and hence it was buried.

The answer choice that leaves no scope for any kind of ambiguity is always superior than the other choices.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2018, 12:33
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We may actually see this by replacing each answer option in the original sentence.

Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

Quote:
(A) to keep from
Original Sentence.
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
Who kept chalice from being stolen????? Did Chalice keep itself? Meaning is distorted....
Quote:
(B) to keep it from
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried to keep it(chalice)from being stolen by invaders.
The pronoun makes it much clearer, that someone else kept chalice somewhere to prevent from being stolen.
Quote:
(C) to avoid
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried to avoid being stolen by invaders.
Similar to A.
Quote:
(D) in order that it would avoid
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried in order that it would avoid being stolen by invaders.
(E) in order to keep from
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, was probably buried in order to keep from being stolen by invaders.
To wordy and awkward to be even considered as contestants.... B is the best option available.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 01:06
this is from old og books. dose it appear in new og book?

choice B, the official answer tell me a special pattern in which "to do" is not future action which will be done by subject

I learn gmat to go to us.
in this sentence, "to go to us" is future action the subject I will do
but in our sentence "to do" has no agent. no noun in the sentence will perform " to keep".
to keep it from being stolen, the think is burried.

this is special pattern. dose gmat test this point in the new og books. ?
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 01:13
“To keep from” is the idiomatic usage. Hence, C, D, and E can be eliminated.
B uses ‘it’ correctly to specify what could be stolen.
B is the best choice.
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New post 30 Jan 2019, 01:39
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to keep and to avoid is averb which need object. we can not say " I keep" or " I avoid". meaning require more than a verb. in grammar , we name intransitive and transitive verbs.

so, if there is no object after those verb, it is wrong. so, choice A and E are wrong.

the chalice can not "avoid". only persons can "avoid" . choice C and D are wrong

now, look at choice B. "keep it from being stolent" is good. but the problem is here

normally, "to do" is future hypothitical action which will be done by the subject of the sentence but choice B is different. subject of the "keep it from" is not "chalice" but a outside persons

this is the takeaway we need to know. remember it is not alway that agent who will do action presented by "to do" is the subject of the sentence

this problem is about the verb characteristics.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 11:01
Request GMATNinja to provide explanation for each option
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2019, 10:36
i have learned that it refers to the antecedents along with all the modifiers attached to it. so in this case does it refers to 'recently discovered chalice'?
please guide experts.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 07:07
swapnilce.nitdgp wrote:
i have learned that it refers to the antecedents along with all the modifiers attached to it. so in this case does it refers to 'recently discovered chalice'?
please guide experts.
That's correct. The it refers to the same chalice mentioned at the beginning of the sentence, the one that was discovered recently.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered  [#permalink]

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2019, 05:47
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