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At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that

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Re: At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 22:10
Yeah, but would definitely suggest you to not choose/reject an option based upon the usage of comma (except for run-on sentences).
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New post 16 Aug 2019, 06:49
chetan2u can you please clarify (or, even better, state a general rule) for the use of possessive here? I can't find why this is wrong
Thank you very much
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At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2019, 06:04
1
I do not know why this sentence use comma .... when I see comma I am so confused !
we have 2 idea in this sentence, what if we remove the comma ?

1="said that there were... available online and that" without comma
2="...said that there were... available online (,) and that with comma



I see this pattern in the list of 3 item such as : I beveled that ... ,that....,and that ....
but we do not have list :(
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Re: At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2019, 00:30
Thanks. I have another question here. Why the 'as' here must mean 'while' or 'during'? Could it mean 'because' as well, please? I think if it means 'because', D would be correct, isn't it?

DmitryFarber wrote:
D isn't saying "expected of." Rather, it's saying they expected the increase. What increase? The increase of piracy. So the "of" part isn't wrong at all. However, "the increase" implies that there has already been an increase, and they expected it in advance. Compare this to something like "Kim predicted the broad industry downturn that reversed Company X's fortunes in 2012." There was an actual downturn, and when it happened, Kim had already predicted it. For something that has not happened (and may not happen), using the definite article ("the") is not appropriate.

As for "would," this is used either for a hypothetical--"IF x happened, y WOULD happen"--or as the past tense of "will" ("I will go to your party." "Dmitry said he would go to my party.") Let's consider each:

We're dealing with a simple prediction--high-speed connections WILL become more available and so piracy WILL increase--so the hypothetical "would" is not appropriate.

Now to determine if we want the past tense of "will," let's see how we'd say this in present tense:

Motion picture reps say that there are copies online, and that they expect piracy to increase as high-speed connections become more available.

Notice that our modifier ("as . . . available") stays in present tense. Since "as" in this context basically means "while" or "during a time in which," it's not appropriate to say "as connections WILL become more available." For that reason, when we switch the whole sentence to past tense, this modifier switches to past tense, too, and we don't use WOULD.
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New post 01 Dec 2019, 01:38
I searched a lot about this question on the Internet and for the moment the only explanation that seems convincing enough for me:

An error in D that does not rely on idiomatic knowledge:
Generally, an as-clause must serve to modify an ACTION.
It cannot serve to modify a noun or noun phrase.
D: the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would
become
Here, the as-clause in red incorrectly serves to modify not an action but a NOUN phrase (the increase of piracy).

So ELIMINATE D.
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New post 01 Dec 2019, 01:39
Mathisxy No, I'm afraid D can't be redeemed so easily. Wrong answers are usually wrong in several ways. My earlier objection about "expected the increase" would still stand--that usage just doesn't make sense. The use of "would" would also still be wrong. In any case, we can't read "as" as "because" here. We'd need to see in what situation high-speed connections would be expected to increase and bring about this rise in piracy.
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New post 01 Dec 2019, 02:25
@DmitriFarber, I understand why A is wrong, and E is right. But I wanted to know whether representative said that and expected piracy to is wrong because of parallelism. As I understand, both representative said that and expected piracy to, and representative said that and that they expected piracy to.. seem crct to me

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New post 02 Dec 2019, 01:57
correct answer is E

A and B are wrong because absence of that after and C wrong as more piracy makes no sense as it clearly says piracy to increase. D is wrong as they is not needed after "and that"
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Re: At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that   [#permalink] 02 Dec 2019, 01:57

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