GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Jan 2019, 15:29

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • The winning strategy for a high GRE score

     January 17, 2019

     January 17, 2019

     08:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Learn the winning strategy for a high GRE score — what do people who reach a high score do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we've collected from over 50,000 students who used examPAL.
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2794
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 12 Dec 2011, 08:14
17
32
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (01:44) correct 67% (01:43) wrong based on 2067 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

This question is the first practice problem meaning based questions and tests proper placement of modifiers. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to our[highlight]OG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction[/highlight]. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content. Currently 50 solutions are uploaded. The set will be completed by the end of the month.


At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

    A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
    B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
    C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
    D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
    E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

We will provide the official answer in a couple of hrs.

Also Check out 5 strategies that GMAT uses to distort the meaning of the original sentence
5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html

_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com


Originally posted by egmat on 07 Dec 2011, 09:50.
Last edited by egmat on 12 Dec 2011, 08:14, edited 2 times in total.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2794
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2011, 08:13
9
4
Quote:
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Most Helpful Community Reply
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 16 Aug 2011
Posts: 578
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2011, 03:07
14
2
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

    A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
    B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted
    C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted.
    D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
    E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.


The heart of euro crisis cannot be person, should be event. So, B and D are out.

In choice E, resulting change the meaning of sentence that [the heart ... is lack...] results in the downward spiral of the euro. The definition [X is Y] cannot cause something. So, usage cause - effect here is wrong

In choice A, "for lack of halting" means that the downward spiral of euro is halting, as braking the wheel, haha. Halting like stopping, cannot be used with -ing form. So, this choice is wrong.

Choice C is correct while stating that the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel is the heart of Eu crisis. This shortage is the the reason why the downward spiral on the euro has not halted. Usage of present perfect shows the intention of author.
_________________

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

General Discussion
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 586
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2011, 10:06
IMO C
E seems reasonable except it changes the meaning...
experts reply
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2011
Posts: 20
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2011, 11:01
The answer should be (C).

Awaiting response for expert.

Regards
Ashish
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Taking heavily leveraged but calculated risks at all times
Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 177
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Schools: HBS '15, Stanford '15
GMAT Date: 01-31-2012
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2011, 15:53
9
c) the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted.

"Mrs. Merkel" cannot be the object of the sentence or the logic of the sentence is affected . So eliminate B and D
"the reason...." is the object of the subject " the heart of the eurocrisis.." for A E and C. So let's keep those for now.

"Mrs. Merkel's lack of..." maintains an object in A, but "lack of halting of downward spiral" is not grammatical. So that leaves us E and C.

E alters the meaning of the sentence to "Causation" rather than preventing the further deterioration of the Euro.

That leaves us with our answer C.

Now give me that month's Verbal freebie! I really need it. ;)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Nov 2011
Posts: 17
Reviews Badge
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2011, 06:05
great explanations. My head initially spun when I read the sentence. Now it makes sense. C seems to be the correct answer.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Taking heavily leveraged but calculated risks at all times
Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 177
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Schools: HBS '15, Stanford '15
GMAT Date: 01-31-2012
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2011, 07:04
6
No response from egmat yet.
I Wonder if Nikolas Sarkozy posted this question ;-)
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2794
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2011, 09:42
3
1
@Anasthaesium: great response and an extra bonus for the added humor. Merckel may be keeping mum intentionally since a weak euro is a definite boost to Germany's exports. Germany's exports did increase by 15% from August (85B euros) to September (95B euros) as Euro's exchange rate slipped from $1.4 to $1.3.

You win the Verbal 2 (SC)OG solutions. Please register on e-GMAT and notify us. We will upgrade your account.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In another post @daagh raised a good point regarding "what is this emphasis on meaning" and why the renewed interest. Below is my response to the same. Hopefully, this would help you as well.

In my opinion, (understanding) Meaning has been central to solving Sentence Correction questions since OG 11 and therfore an integral part e-GMAT Sentence Correction course. OG 12, released in April 2010, continued this emphasis and had more questions in which one had to understand the intent of the sentence based on the original choice to be able to respond correctly.

However, this emphasis on meaning came as a surprise to quite a few individuals and a few experts. People on GMATClub and BTG panicked (you can read their posts on the forums) after realizing they could no longer do well in Sentence Correction purely on grammatical issues without understand the intended meaning. This was further accentuated when GMAC openly stated that a sentence correction questions may have more than one grammatically correct answer choice, but only one of them would communicate the intended meaning.

Since the egmat SC course is probably one of the few courses that has such a clear emphasis on meaning, and since a good amount of confusion still exists, we decided to share our research through various ways. We have a free concept accessible to everyone who registers on e-GMAT. We also conduct a free live session on "importance on meaning" every month. In addition we decided to write this article with the aim to:

1. Help those who have been ignoring the meaning and primarily been following the splits approach to understand the various strategies that GMAC uses to distort the meaning.

2. Provide them with an modified approach (we call it the e-GMAT 3 step process) so that they can attain higher accuracy on the GMAT.

we have only detailed one approach in this article so far and will be outlining other approaches over the next 10 days. Those who are planning to take the exam in the next 4-5 days can download the document and go through the OG questions that we have outlined in the table.
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 02 Aug 2011
Posts: 6
Concentration: Leadership
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2011, 10:08
Boy this was tough.. I almost fell in the trap. Thanks Payal :)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2011
Posts: 21
Reviews Badge
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Dec 2011, 16:16
Anasthaesium.. +1 for your comment. You are funny man.
egmat: +1 for posting the question. Thank you
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 23 Mar 2012
Posts: 14
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2012, 14:39
Anasthaesim :)

I also choose C for the answer, But I did not choose E at the first sight because it lacks main verb, E just includes phrase without any main verb to constitu
te a sentence. But I can not recognise the litte change in intended meaning of E. This problem appears in grammatical errors. Do u think it is right ?
:shock: strong like your comment 8-) :lol:
Anasthaesium wrote:
c) the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted.

"Mrs. Merkel" cannot be the object of the sentence or the logic of the sentence is affected . So eliminate B and D
"the reason...." is the object of the subject " the heart of the eurocrisis.." for A E and C. So let's keep those for now.

"Mrs. Merkel's lack of..." maintains an object in A, but "lack of halting of downward spiral" is not grammatical. So that leaves us E and C.

E alters the meaning of the sentence to "Causation" rather than preventing the further deterioration of the Euro.

That leaves us with our answer C.

Now give me that month's Verbal freebie! I really need it. ;)
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2794
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2012, 15:57
Hi Bichhang,

Its great that you could arrive at the correct choice. However, it would be great if you could also see the pertinent errors in choice E. As you know when you are practicing Sentence Correction, it is equally important to eliminate the wrong choices for the right reasons. So let's analyze choice E a bit more. Following is the complete sentence with choice E.

At the heart of euro crisis is the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

First of all, can you analyze the sentence structure of this sentence. Can you tell me the subject-verb pairs in this sentence?

Looking forward to your response.

Thanks,

Payal
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Oct 2011
Posts: 101
Location: India
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2012, 04:18
1
Quote:
The heart of euro crisis cannot be person, should be event. So, B and D are out.


Why can't a person be at the heart of Euro crisis?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Feb 2012
Posts: 2
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2012, 06:51
I love posts from egmat folks . They are right on target and very well explained ..
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 432
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2013, 10:14
1
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Mar 2012
Posts: 9
Location: United States (NY)
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V33
GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.51
WE: Medicine and Health (Health Care)
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jan 2014, 01:11
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.



I know I am late in posting this question, but I will sincerely appreciate if either e-GMAT or anyone else can answer my one small query related to above question. I chose "C" as the right answer. However, I am bit skeptical about use of "that" in it. In the 1st read I discarded it, since it sounded awkward. I know we mightn't find perfect construction, but wouldn't use of "why" instead of "that" have been a better construction.
_________________

ACETHEGMAT

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 11 Sep 2013
Posts: 148
Concentration: Finance, Finance
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 May 2014, 00:42
1
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.





In this question I didn’t choose C because I wanted to put the sentence “the reason…..” close to “lack of quick and or bold reaction” I choose A only for that reason though I was also confused about the wording in Choice A. So, Between A and C I chose A. In both sentences I had confusion. In A --- Wording issue. In C-placing the modifier close to the entity which it is modifying.
Now please give me suggestion what I will do in such a situation because I have already got many questions which were canceling the options depending the reason I have already mentioned for C
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2794
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2014, 02:00
2
1
Raihanuddin wrote:
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.





In this question I didn’t choose C because I wanted to put the sentence “the reason…..” close to “lack of quick and or bold reaction” I choose A only for that reason though I was also confused about the wording in Choice A. So, Between A and C I chose A. In both sentences I had confusion. In A --- Wording issue. In C-placing the modifier close to the entity which it is modifying.
Now please give me suggestion what I will do in such a situation because I have already got many questions which were canceling the options depending the reason I have already mentioned for C



Hi Raihanuddin,

It’s great that you were able to eliminate three incorrect options. Also, your doubt regarding the wording of option A is valid.

Now, you have correctly said that the modifier should be placed as close to the modified entity as possible. Accordingly, let’s look at the question and find out more about this modifier and modified entity in the context of choice A and C:

Question

• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.


Choice A-Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro

Modifier- ‘the reason…euro.’
This is a ‘noun + noun modifier’ in which the noun is ‘the reason’ and the noun modifier is ‘for lack…. of the euro’.

Modified Entity- As it is clear from the type of modifier, the modified entity is the one that provides us a reason for something. What is the reason for the continuation of the downfall of euro? The reason is ‘Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction’.

• Let’s take a look at the sentence again:

At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

As you can see, in this case the modifier is placed right next to the modified entity. Now let’s look at option C.


Choice C- …the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.

Modifier- ‘the reason…..’
This is a ‘noun + noun modifier’ in which the noun is ‘the reason’ and the noun modifier is ‘that the…..not halted’.

Modified Entity- Again we have to identify the modified entity. According to this option, the reason for the continuation of the downfall of euro is ‘the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel’.

• Let’s take a look at the sentence again:

At the heart of euro crisis is the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.

Again the modifier is placed right next to the modified entity.


Process of Elimination

So, both these choices have placed the modifier as close to the modified entity as possible. Also, both these choices are grammatically correct. Now, to eliminate one of these we have to check which one of them communicates a logical meaning in the most concise manner.
In choice A the phrase ‘lack of halting’ does not seem to convey a logical meaning. An action either halts or does not halt. This is the problem in the wording of this option.
Since choice C removes this error, it is the correct answer.


Recommendations

Since you are facing problems in the questions that use ‘noun + noun modifiers’, I would recommend that you go through the article on the same by our team. Here is the link to the article: noun-noun-modifiers-the-most-versatile-modifier-137292.html

Hope the above discussion helps! :)
Regards,

Deepak.
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Aug 2011
Posts: 163
Location: United States
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT Date: 10-16-2013
GPA: 3
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2014, 05:21
Thank for E-gmat , another awesome explanation
_________________

Kudos me if you like my post !!!!

GMAT Club Bot
Re: At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold &nbs [#permalink] 08 May 2014, 05:21

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 29 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.