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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co

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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2020, 21:33
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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

(A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

(B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

(C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments

(D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

(E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

SC71360.02

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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2020, 00:10
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

A. That has no proper referent. If it refers to investment then that is redundant.
B. Correct. Two investments are properly compared.
C. Again it has same problem as with that in A.
D. Same as A
E. Same as A
B is correct
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Jun 2020, 02:05
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generis wrote:
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments
( underperform when comparing is making no logical sense)

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform (verb-ed modifies nearest noun i.e., control. wrong)

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

SC71360.02


that in A,D,E have no logical referent.
C wrong for error mentioned ( underperform when comparing is making no logical sense).

B the best available.
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Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Jun 2020, 02:05, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2020, 21:16
Please explain the solution to this question.Why B is selected and A & D are eliminated?
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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jul 2020, 20:07
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abhish27 wrote:
Please explain the solution to this question.Why B is selected and A & D are eliminated?

abhish27
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments - WRONG. 'That of' makes the sentence as "...an investment in a home may underperform when compared to investment of other widely available classes of investments". Thus, its redundant.

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments - CORRECT. Two noun entities 'an investment' and 'classes of investments' are compared properly.

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments - WRONG. Unidiomatic.

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform - WRONG. A noun must follow after comma after control. 'That of' makes it redundant.

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform - WRONG. Similar error as that made in option D.

Also, for understanding if we write the sentence as:
"An investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control."

Hope this helps..!!
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Originally posted by unraveled on 03 May 2020, 01:47.
Last edited by unraveled on 15 Jul 2020, 20:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2020, 02:17
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"Compared with" used for same type i.e. "Investment" here.
"compared to" used to compare two different kind.
So A,C and D is wrong.

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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2020, 08:07
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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.


When comparing similar objects, "compare with" is the correct idiom.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments -- idiom error

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments -- CORRECT idiom and comparison of "investment in a home" with "available classes of investments"

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments -- "it" has ambiguous referents (investment or home); "comparing it" is also wrong since the subject doing the comparison is not given

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform -- same as A

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform -- wrong usage of "that of" which can be replaced with "investment of" and render the sentence illogical

Answer is B
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2020, 18:38
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generis wrote:
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

SC71360.02


A. an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments. We have to be strict as to when we use 'when'. When has to refer to a specific time period

B. looks fine. Keep B

C. an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments. C has the same problem as option A does. Eliminate C

D. compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform. When we see 'that' we rephrase the sentence by putting the exact noun that 'that' is trying to replace. Here we have compared to 'investment' of other widely available classes of investment? This does not make any sense. Eliminate D

E. Option E has same problem as option D does. Eliminate E.

We are left with B
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2020, 22:14
Gmatninja pls help with this problem
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2020, 10:51
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generis wrote:
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

compared with vs compared to is not a deciding split. Either idiom is correct... https://gmatclub.com/forum/compared-to- ... 54753.html

The most important issue in this SC question is the use of "that of"

(A) "that of" refers to "an investment". If we substitute "an investment" in place of "that of," then the sentence suffers from redundancy. Eliminate.

(B) does not use "that of". (B) logically compares an investment with other widely available classes of investments. Correct.

(C) is incorrect for the use of pronoun "it", which has no logical referent. If "it" refers to "an investment," then similar to (A), the sentence will suffer from redundancy. Eliminate.

(D) "that of" has no possible referent. Eliminate.

(E) "that of" has no possible referent. Eliminate.
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2020, 11:21
generis wrote:
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.
SC71360.02

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments- correct idiom is In comparison with/to or compared with/to

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments - Bingo!

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments - when comparing it. Idiom error

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform - read the sentence as- compared to investments of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform. Does not make much sense

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform - read the sentence as- compared to investments of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform. Does not make much sense


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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 20:23
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PS, An Obvious thing : To improve yourself in SC, REVIEW every mistake in every answer choice after you attempt a problem.

Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

Observing the SS - “Because property…..control” is a subordinate clause, the part after comma requires a main clause.


A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments
Whenever there is comparison, it is better to replace the “that” with the appropriate noun.
Here “when compared to the investment of other widely available classes of investments” – Doesn’t make sense. So Incorrect.

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments
Best of ALL.

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments
Meaning is of utmost importance.”…… may underperform when comparing it with…..” means what that it underperforms only WHEN we compare it, otherwise it doesn’t ?
Incorrect

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform
Property value is being compared to “that of other widely available classes of”
Incorrect comparison and doesn’t make sense.

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform
Property value is being compared to “that of other widely available classes of”
Incorrect comparison and doesn’t make sense.
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 11:52
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

My 2 percent:
Since the sentence starts with a because, there should be the subject of the main clause (a noun) after comma, so D and E are out


A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments
//theres no referent to 'that of', and if anything can be referred to is 'investment', then the underlined portion becomes "an investment in a home may underperform when compared to investment of other widely available classes of investments" - so wrong :P

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments
//looks fine - correct

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments
//An investment is compared to classes of investments .. wrong

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform
//already stated above

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform
//already stated above
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2020, 01:49
[quote="generis"]Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments

D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

this is about the use of "compare"
in choice c, "when comparing " refer to the subject "an investment ". this is incorrect. "comparing" here works as participle.
in choice b, the official answer, "compared with" work as a preposition. it is not past participle because it can not refer to any near noun. "compared to" can also work as a preposition.

so, now, we can make a comparison sentence , using "compared with/to" as a preposition. this pattern should be remembered. other kinds of comparison is to use "more/less/fewer/...than". the comparison with "compared with/to" is also popular but we seldom realize how "compared with/to" work. it works as preposition

third point
"when compared" should capture our attention. this phrase is normally wrong. why

"when compared " show a time relation. only when X happen, Y happen.
in choice a, "when compared " refer to subject " an investment ". "compared " here work as a past participle and is correct. but the error is that only when investment is compared with..., investment may under perform.

this error made by "when compared..." happen frequently on old og books. this error is not new.
takeaway, "when compared..." show a time relation and is likely to be wrong on gmat.
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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2020, 01:09
Hi GMATNinja,
Need to verify my understanding of the options. When i tried solving this question, i rejected all the choices. A,D and E because of 'that of' which causes redundancy and leads to illogical meaning when we replace that with 'an investment'.
I rejected B and C because they seem to be comparing an investment to other 'CLASSES of investments" rather than comparing an investment to a different investment.
Could you please help make sense of the options?
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Re: Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2020, 18:20
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

(A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments

(B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments

(C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments

(D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

(E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform

If we compare first few words on answer options

In A, B and C, we have "an investment".....This is a noun modifier or a superior modifier....highly preferred option in GMAT......Simply eliminate D and E
In A, "that.." is acting as a pronoun but does not have antecedent.....Eliminate A
In C, "it" refers to "an investment"...replacing "it" with "an investment" will bring redundancy. Eliminate C

Hence, B is the correct answer
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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2020, 15:13
generis wrote:
Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic conditions beyond the purchaser's control, an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments.

Meaning - The author in this sentence presents a cause and effect. The sentence says that because X is outside purchaser's control hence inv. in one type of asset class may underperform if we compare that inv. to other type of widely available inv. So basically we're comparing two types of inv. We also need to take care of the fact that because the sentence starts with a subordinate conjunction "because" and brings a dependent clause, an independent clause has to follow after comma.


(A) an investment in a home may underperform when compared to that of other widely available classes of investments - INCORRECT. Pronoun error. If pronoun that is replaced by the inv., which is the only logical pronoun "that" can refer to, the sentence becomes nonsensical. Moreover "Compared to" is used to compare or suggest resemblance between two things that have essentially different nature. Since we're comparing two types of inv. here that have same nature, "compared to" would be considered wrong.

(B) an investment in a home may underperform compared with other widely available classes of investments - CORRECT. The issues in A are resolved in this option.

(C) an investment in a home may underperform when comparing it with other widely available classes of investments - INCORRECT. It doesn't have a logical antecedent. If we replace "an inv." with "It" the sentence becomes nonsensical.

(D) compared to that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform - INCORRECT. Error with compared to. Also after comma we need to have a subject of the independent clause.

(E) in comparison with that of other widely available classes of investments, an investment in a home may underperform - INCORRECT. Same error as we have in D.

SC71360.02


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Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2020, 15:13

Because property values sometimes fluctuate in response to economic co

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