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Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n

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Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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Question 1
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McGraw Hills GMAT 2013

Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s no surprise that the discipline is frequently embroiled in controversy. Even when social commentators and outside observers fail to criticize the latest anthropological theory on human nature, the social science’s own practitioners are often up in arms over some study or another. Consider Ekman’s landmark study of human emotions in the 1960s.

At the time, the accepted movement in anthropology was relativism. In an effort to rid the discipline of accusations of bias, anthropologists attempted to study cultures as isolated systems. The norms, mores, and practices of each culture were analyzed only in terms of the internal consistency they possessed and any suggestion of judgment was met by howls of outrage by the anthropological establishment. Into this arena came Ekman with his startling heresy; emotions, argued Ekman, were not arbitrary cultural constructs but universal human traits. Ekman had spent years traveling the world, showing people around the globe photographs of other people expressing six basic emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, fear, disgust, and surprise. Not one person studied by Ekman failed to recognize these emotions, whether the person in the photograph was wearing the suit of a Western businessman or the tribal dress of the Fore foragers of New Guinea.

When Ekman presented his findings at an anthropological conference, he was denounced as a fascist and a racist. Some of his fellow scientists even took his research to prove not that human emotions were universal but that the hegemony of Western culture was so complete that even the most far-flung peoples were socialized into the Western mindset. Ekman was shocked at the reaction. He thought his findings would be evidence of the brotherhood of man, not of the subjugation of the world by the West. And yet, Ekman’s conclusions have been replicated again and again and are now generally accepted in the anthropology community, which apparently is like its subject matter: quick to anger but perhaps slow to admit mistakes.


1. Ekman’s experiences with the anthropological community as detailed in the passage are most analogous to which of the following?

A. an inventor who must discard hundreds of failed models before eventually discovering one that works
B. a scientist who withdraws his research after his colleagues attack the ethics of his experimental design
C. a literary critic who challenges the accepted practices of his discipline and ends up developing a new paradigm for textual analysis
D. a painter whose revolutionary work is met by opposition from his peers but eventually gains mainstream acceptance
E. an architect who proposes building a structure unlike any other but is forced to change his plans after his coworkers object


2. The author states “At the time…was relativism,” in the second paragraph in order to

A. explain why the discipline was plagued by accusations of bias
B. support the criticisms of Ekman’s work made by his colleagues
C. indicate a possible reason that Ekman’s results were met with such outrage
D. describe an important moment in the evolution of the anthropological discipline
E. argue that if anthropologists wanted to be respected as a scientists, they would need to revise their methods



3. The author’s attitude toward the anthropological community’s reaction to Ekman’s work is best described as one of

A. anger at the community’s shortsightedness
B. understanding of the community’s character
C. disappointment at the community’s treatment of Ekman
D. agreement with the community’s righteous indignation
E. puzzlement at the community’s eventual acceptance of Ekman’s work.



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Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2018, 10:08
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8:45 minutes including 4 : 26 secs to read the passage : Got second question wrong
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Re: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2018, 21:07
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Can someone explain:
1. How to choose between C and D for Q2.
2. How to choose between B and C for Q3.
Thanks
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Re: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 17:03
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OE to Q2 and Q3 please.Got both answers wrong.
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Re: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 18:54
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prashant6923 wrote:
OE to Q2 and Q3 please.Got both answers wrong.

Subject: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n

prashant6923 wrote:
OE to Q2 and Q3 please.Got both answers wrong.


Hi,

Please try to get the structure of the passage as a whole.
1st. Introduce a concept (anth.)>>people deride the study>> Ds example.
2nd. Provides the evidence for on going condition when the study was introduced by D, and reasons why it might have failed to achieve its goal, alongwith the data to support the study.
3rd. people hated but eventually accepted.


2. The author states “At the time…was relativism,” in the second paragraph in order to
(At the time, the accepted movement in anthropology was relativism. In an effort to rid the discipline of accusations of bias, anthropologists attempted to study cultures as isolated systems.)
Introduce the present condition when D study came into being and why it could not have sustained.
So C not D

3. The author’s attitude toward the anthropological community’s reaction to Ekman’s work is best described as one of
The passage is intended to show how the community as a whole derided the subject matter of anthropology. In the 1st para author describes the attitude of the community when a matter was introduced and then provides an example of a study.
... is so volatile, it’s no surprise that the discipline is frequently embroiled in controversy. Even when social commentators and outside observers fail to criticize the latest anthropological theory on human nature, the social science’s own practitioners are often up in arms over some study or another. Consider Ekman’s .......


By POE..
A. anger at the community’s shortsightedness(Too strong but never intended in the passage)OUT
B. understanding of the community’s character(Keep it)
C. disappointment at the community’s treatment of Ekman(Author never took sides or expressed anywhere D should not be treated likewise or so...)OUT
D. agreement with the community’s righteous indignation.(same as above)OUT
E. puzzlement at the community’s eventual acceptance of Ekman’s work.(which apparently is like its subject matter: quick to anger but perhaps slow to admit mistakes...so just confrontation no perplexing.)
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Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 21:22
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Hi All

QZ Lowkya prashant6923

Question# 2

Analysis

This is a logical structure question. Whereas supporting idea questions ask you to figure out what the passage says, these questions test your understanding of why an author includes certain information. In order to answer these questions, you must go back to the passage and look at the context in which the line or lines appear. Ask yourself why the author may have included the lines or what the lines contribute to the paragraph as a whole. Look at the second paragraph and think about the structure. The first few lines explain the state of anthropology at the time of Ekman’s research. The author establishes that the discipline was dominated by relativism. The second half of the paragraph then describes Ekman’s “startling heresy”—that emotions were universal. So the first part helps to establish why Ekman’s results were so controversial. The lines don’t explain why anthropology was accused of bias, as choice A states. Nor do they support the criticisms of Ekman’s work. Choice C,however, is accurate. Choice D doesn’t make sense in the context of the passage. The author is detailing the effects of a particular finding, not the evolution of anthropology. Similarly, choice E has nothing to do with the purpose of the paragraph. Knowing the purpose of a passage or a paragraph is useful when answering logical structure questions. Answer choices that introduce information unrelated to the purpose will be incorrect

Question# 3

Analysis

Because the texts used on the GMAT are taken from academic publications, the passages rarely demonstrate strong tones. Most passages are more or less neutral in their treatment of subjects. However, when tone questions do appear, you must be sure that you find evidence in the passage for a particular tone. Don’t rely on your “feelings” about a passage; you need to find concrete support. Also, because tone refers to the author’s opinion of his or her subject, you can’t just look at the examples presented in the passage. A passage could contain criticisms of a theory, but that doesn’t mean the author’s tone is negative. Evidence of tone comes not from the nature of the content of a passage but instead from what the author says about that content. For this question, you need to go back to the passage and find the parts in which the author talks about the community’s reaction to Ekman’s work. This information is in the last paragraph. The passage states that after Ekman presented his work, he was denounced as a racist and some interpreted his work as evidence of Western hegemony. But these lines only describe what the reaction was, not how the author feels about it. So keep looking. The last line gives an indication of the how the author feels: the community is “like its subject matter: quick to anger but perhaps slow to admit mistakes.” This is the information you need. Choice A describes the author’s tone as angry but that is not supported by the passage. The anthropologists may have been angry, but the author isn’t. Choice B is a pretty good match. The author acknowledges that anthropologists are like the people they study—they can get angry quickly but are slower to admit mistakes. There is nothing stronger in the author’s tone than an acceptance of the character of the members of the discipline. Even though the author describes the negative reaction of the community, there are no indications of “disappointment” in the passage, so choice C is no good. The author certainly doesn’t agree with the reaction of the community. The passage acknowledges the reaction, but doesn’t indicate support for it, so choice D is wrong. And because the author indicates an understanding of he community’s reaction, the tone can’t be puzzled as choice E states. Choice B is best.

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 21:41
Got the answer right for all three however, in hurrying up clicked the wrong option for question 2. I knew the answer was C but ended up clicking B instead.
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Re: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 21:48
HinaTabassum wrote:
Got the answer right for all three however, in hurrying up clicked the wrong option for question 2. I knew the answer was C but ended up clicking B instead.


Its ok here at GMAT Club but don't do that on the real one!! :-)
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Re: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 21:54
SajjadAhmad wrote:
HinaTabassum wrote:
Got the answer right for all three however, in hurrying up clicked the wrong option for question 2. I knew the answer was C but ended up clicking B instead.


Its ok here at GMAT Club but don't do that on the real one!! :-)


I will have to be a little more vigilant. :-)
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Re: Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 05:22
HinaTabassum wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
HinaTabassum wrote:
Got the answer right for all three however, in hurrying up clicked the wrong option for question 2. I knew the answer was C but ended up clicking B instead.


Its ok here at GMAT Club but don't do that on the real one!! :-)


I will have to be a little more vigilant. :-)

The good thing is that you on the real GMAT you have to click on a field right next to the answers so misclicking is way less likely.
I think with the layout on gmatclub it occasionally happens that one picks the wrong answer because of a misclick. But yeah, here it doesn't matter too much :-)
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New post 19 Jun 2018, 13:50
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At least one knows that they are moving in the right direction. That the correct answer was at least identified so the concepts are clear. But vigilance is the key.
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Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 02:37
Why is this tagged as a business passage?! That is some social-science stuff. :roll:
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Because the very subject matter of anthropology is so volatile, it’s n &nbs [#permalink] 12 Jul 2018, 02:37
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